Presentation on theme: "A Brief History of Africa. Africa is home to some of the world’s oldest civilizations It is believed that the earliest forms of humans originated from."— Presentation transcript:
Africa is home to some of the world’s oldest civilizations It is believed that the earliest forms of humans originated from Africa then spread throughout the world Some of the earliest agriculture techniques, writing and urban society developed along the Nile in Egypt
Slavery brought Africa into contact with the rest of the world
The Arab Slave Trade The Arabs began a trade for Slaves, Gold and Ivory along the East coast of Africa as early the 7 th century AD About 1000 AD it expanded to trading across the Sahara As many as 9 million or more were taken out of Africa by this trade over 11 centuries Though never as intense as the European- American Slave Trade it lasted much longer ans continues to this day!
European Slave Trade Slaves were a prized commodity in the triangular trade, linking West Africa with Europe and the Americas. The European-controlled slave trade was the moreintense, and larger overall than the Arab trade – More than 20 million (some say 100 million) were traded a little over 3 centuries! But Europeans only traded for slaves with tribes along the coast and rarely venture inland UNTIL
Europeans began to explore and Colonize Africa in 1850 In 1885 the Berlin Conference was held in which European powers carved up the continent with no African presence The Europeans drew arbitrary borders not paying attention to local rulers or tribal borders BY 1900 only Liberia and Ethiopia remained independent For the most part European colonization of Africa only made underdevelopment worse However there were some positive results such as better agriculture and transportation systems along with modern industries.
Independence After WW2 African States began to gain independence. Some peacefully, some by war. Unfortunately since there was little or no tradition of democracy most became dictatorships. They also suffered from: Tribal and/or religious conflict due to the illogical borders Poverty due to export based economies Lack of good school and thus literacy Lack of medical care and hospitals