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Introduction to Music Theory August 16, 2005. Musical Terms Tempos –Adagio – A slow tempo marking between Largo and Andante. –Allegretto – A rather fast.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Music Theory August 16, 2005. Musical Terms Tempos –Adagio – A slow tempo marking between Largo and Andante. –Allegretto – A rather fast."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Music Theory August 16, 2005

2 Musical Terms Tempos –Adagio – A slow tempo marking between Largo and Andante. –Allegretto – A rather fast tempo marking between Allegro and Moderato. –Allegro – A fast tempo marking between Allegretto and Vivace. –Andante – A moderate tempo marking between Largo and Moderato

3 Musical Terms Tempos (contd.) –Andantino – A moderate tempo marking slightly faster than Andante and slower than Moderato. –Larghetto – A tempo not quite as slow as Largo. Often between beats per minute. –Largo – A slow tempo marking, having between 40 and 60 beats per minute. –Lento – Slow. –Moderato – A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition in a moderate tempo; moderately restrained.

4 Musical Terms Tempos (contd.) –Prestissimo – A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition very, very fast, as fast as possible; faster than presto. –Presto – A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition very quickly. –Vivace – A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition in a lively or brisk manner. –Vivo – A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition in a lively, animated or brisk manner. Slightly more animated or brisk than Vivace.

5 Musical Terms Activity –Arrange the tempo notecards from slowest to fastest

6 Musical Terms Basic Dynamic Markings –Fortissimo –Forte –Mezzo-Forte –Mezzo-Piano –Piano –Pianissimo

7 Musical Terms Other Musical Terms –Accelerando – Gradually accelerating or getting faster. –Crescendo – A musical directive to the performer to smoothly increase the volume of a particular phrase or passage –Decrescendo – A musical directive to the performer to smoothly decrease the volume of a particular phrase or passage. –Dolce – A directive to a performer to play a certain passage sweetly, softly, with tender emotion. –Legato – A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition in a smooth, graceful, connected style. –Marcato – Marked, accented, emphatic, stressed.

8 Musical Terms Musical Terms –Meno – Less –Mosso – Movement, motion; moved; agitated. –Piu - More –Rallentando – A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition with a gradual slowing of the tempo. –Ritardando – A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition with a ritard the tempo, to gradually delay the tempo. –Rubato – It involves the performer tastefully stretching, slowing, or hurrying the tempo as she/he sees fit, thus imparting flexibility and emotion to the performance.

9 Musical Terms –Schnell – Fast, quickly, rapidly. –Sempre – Always. –Sforzando – A directive to perform a specific note or chord of a composition with particular emphasis. –Sostenuto – Sustained. –Staccato – A style of playing notes in a detached, separated, distinct manner, as opposed to legato. –Tenuto – A directive to perform a certain note or chord of a composition in a sustained manner for longer than its full duration.

10 Works Cited Definitions are from the Virginia Tech Multimedia Music available online at


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