Presentation on theme: "The Crusades 1095-1300’s. Conditions that made the Crusades possible for the Europeans The beginning of the Reconquista by the Spanish nobles The Byzantine."— Presentation transcript:
Conditions that made the Crusades possible for the Europeans The beginning of the Reconquista by the Spanish nobles The Byzantine Empire was being attacked by the Seljuk Turks and had asked Europe for help A divided Middle East showed the possibility of “rescuing” Jerusalem A growing population of young, landless European nobles
Urban II’s reason (and he is important because he was the one who started it all) - Chance to reunite the divided Church - Chance to increase the prestige (and power) of the Church - Reduce the feudal warfare that was going between European nobles.
Reasons behind people joining the Crusades Obeying God’s will Plenary indulgence Pursuit of riches Acquiring their own lands instead of being given a fief Avoiding taxes
1 st Crusade (1096) Goal- Rescue Jerusalem Success (one of the only ones) Aftermath: Established 4 feudal states with a French feudal lord but did not last long.
2 nd Crusade (1144) Goal- To recapture lands retaken by the Muslims Failure
3 rd Crusade (1189-1192) Goal- To recapture Jerusalem. Failure highlighted with the death of a German king and the capture of the English king Aftermath: King Richard of England (the Lion- hearted) managed to gain guarantees for the safety of Christians visiting Jerusalem
4 th Crusade (1204) Goal- Conquer Constantinople Failure highlighted by the fact that there was a change of focus from Holy Quest to economic war.
1291 The last European stronghold at Acre was defeated by Saladin and the Crusades were over. There were 9 Crusades- 5 within the last century
Results of the Crusades Exposure of the West to new cultural and economic influences from the Middle East. Increased European interaction (positive and negative) with the rest of the World Helped bring about the Renaissance