Presentation on theme: "Aborigines of Australia"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aborigines of Australia Ga StandardsSS6H8, SS6H9
2 INDIGENOUS PEOPLE Aborigines Native Americans Location: Australia Location: North and South America
3 ABORIGINAL ORIGINSThe term aborigine comes from a Latin word that means “from the beginning.”Aborigines have occupied Australia for at least 40,000 yearsArrived from Southeast Asia
4 ABORIGINAL LANGUAGE Over 250 different languages Languages can be divided into 10 – 24 language families.Language helps to maintain connection to ancestors, land, law, and culture.“Kangaroo” comes from the word ‘gangurru” in the Guugu Yimidhirr language
5 ABORIGINAL ECONOMY Hunters and Gatherers Way of life slow to change Nomads: moved from place to place in search of foodPractice a traditional economy
6 ARTS & INVENTIONSBoomerangDidgeridooGround AxeBoomerangGround Axe
7 ARTS AND BELIEFS History passed down through oral story telling Rock Art illustrates the Aboriginal belief of Dreamtime
8 RELIGION Dreamtime is the spiritual belief of the Aborigines. It influences religion, behavior, and law and order.Dreamtime stories also explain how animals, plants, water sources, and other natural beings were formed by spirit beings.
10 SACRED SITES Uluru is a sacred site to the Aborigines It was created during the DreamtimeCeremonies are still performed thereRock art can be viewed in the cavesIt is also known as Ayers Rock
11 CUSTOM & TRADITIONSCeremonies that include chanting, singing, dancing, or ritual action is done to ensure a good supply of food or rainOther ceremonies include initiation of boys and girls into adulthood as well as funeral ceremonies.
12 GOVERNMENT & TRIBAL STRUCTURE Tribes could number as many as 500 peopleTribes included “hordes” which could be 10 to 20 peopleDreamtime stories form the basis for law and order