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UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Higher education and training in Nutrition-related fields in Italy and Europe Furio Brighenti Area of Human Nutrition.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Higher education and training in Nutrition-related fields in Italy and Europe Furio Brighenti Area of Human Nutrition."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Higher education and training in Nutrition-related fields in Italy and Europe Furio Brighenti Area of Human Nutrition Department of Public Health

2 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Health claim made on Children??!!

3 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 The science of nutrition attempts to understand how and why specific dietary aspects influence health by explaining metabolic and physiological responses of the body to food, food components and diets. With advances in molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetics, nutrition science is additionally developing into the study of metabolism, which seeks to disconnect diet and health through the lens of biochemical processes With advances in molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetics, nutrition science is additionally developing into the study of metabolism, which seeks to disconnect diet and health through the lens of biochemical processes Research in Human Nutrition has reached a high standard of quality and can be regarded as a autonomous area in the field of health and life sciences.. Research in Human Nutrition has reached a high standard of quality and can be regarded as a autonomous area in the field of health and life sciences..

4 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Nutrition is a multidisciplinary area of science whose peculiarities are increasingly acknowledged in both the job market and the higher education system Like other emerging fields of science, it covers multiple domains in the areas of health and life sciences, therefore requiring substantially different training skills, depending on the professional objectives.. The Higher education system in the field of Human Nutrition

5 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 How many disciplines may human nutrition include? Dietetics Public Health Nutrition Clinical Nutrition Nutrigenomics, System Biology Food Science Nutrition Nutrigenomics is the study of molecular relationships between nutrition and the response of genes, with the aim of extrapolating how such subtle changes can affect human health Food Science Nutrition is the study of food composition, manufacturing and distribution to ensure optimal nutritional quality of the food supply Dietetics is a health profession for specialists trained to provide safe, evidence-based dietary advice and interventions in both, health and disease. Clinical Nutrition is a therapeutic adjunct to human disease treatment. It is an important part of therapy administered under medical responsibility Public Health Nutrition focuses on the promotion of good health through nutrition and physical activity and the prevention of related illness in the population Basic disciplines Health disciplines

6 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Human Nutrition education at European level

7 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Human Nutrition at European level Dietetics/Human nutrition Food sciences Wide differences in curricula, training, title recognition, LLL (life-long learning).

8 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 The Bologna Process aims to create a European Higher Education Area by 2010, in which students can choose from a wide and transparent range of high quality courses and benefit from smooth recognition procedures. The Bologna Process aims to create a European Higher Education Area by 2010, in which students can choose from a wide and transparent range of high quality courses and benefit from smooth recognition procedures. The three priorities of the Bologna process are: Introduction of the three cycle system (bachelor/master/doctorate), quality assurance and recognition of qualifications and periods of study Human Nutrition at European level

9 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Laurea in Medicina e Chirurgia (M.D.) Laurea in Medicina Veterinaria (V.D.) Laurea in Farmacia (Pharmacist) Scuola di specializzazione (D.Spec.) Laurea (Bachelor) Laurea Magistrale (Master) Dottorato di Ricerca (Ph.D.) Scuola di specializzazione (D.Spec.) II Liv. (Ms.) I Liv. (Ms.) The Italian Higher education system Lauree tecnico/scientifiche Years after high school Lauree sanitarie a ciclo unico Dottorato di Ricerca (Ph.D.) Laurea sanitaria (Bachelor)

10 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 The Italian Higher education system in the field of Human Nutrition Laurea in Medicina e Chirurgia (M.D.) Laurea in Medicina Veterinaria (V.D.) Laurea in Farmacia (Pharmacist) Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Clinical Nutrition (D.Spec.) Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Applied Nutrition (D.Spec.) Food Science & Techn., Biology (Bachelor) Nutrition Sciences (Master) Dottorato di Ricerca (Ph.D.) Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Applied Nutrition (D.Spec.) II Liv. (Ms.) Lauree tecnico/scientifiche Years after high school Lauree sanitarie a ciclo unico Dietician (Bachelor)

11 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 The Italian Higher education system in the field of Human Nutrition Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Clinical Nutrition (D.Spec.) Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Applied Nutrition (D.Spec.) Nutrition Sciences (Master) Dottorato di Ricerca (Ph.D.) Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Applied Nutrition (D.Spec.) II Liv. (Ms.) Lauree tecnico/scientifiche Years after high school Lauree sanitarie a ciclo unico Dietician (Bachelor) 25 courses offered by 25/39 universities. Limited to <480 (total) students per year. Technical Health Degree. Habilitation to the profession of Dietician. National Register. 7 courses offered by 7/86 universities. Offered since Enrolls about 100 (total). No clear definition of role and work opportunities (no national register) 20 courses offered by 39 medical schools. Limited to 31 (total) students per year. 3/20 courses opened to VD and food scientists. Virtually no students. 11/20 courses offered by 39 medical schools. Limited to <15 (total) students per year.

12 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Number of professional figures / Italian population*: dieticians (i.e. about 1 / 1.700) nutritionists (i.e. about 1 / ) nutritionists (i.e. about 1 / ) 350 physicians (i.e. about 1 / ) 350 physicians (i.e. about 1 / ) *(given that all students enrolled conclude the study program and get a degree; that all degree holders find a job in their field of studies, that all professionals keep working over a time span of 35 y ) *(given that all students enrolled conclude the study program and get a degree; that all degree holders find a job in their field of studies, that all professionals keep working over a time span of 35 y )

13 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Human Nutrition at Parma University Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Clinical Nutrition (D.Spec.) Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Applied Nutrition (D.Spec.) Nutrition Sciences (Master) Dottorato di Ricerca (Ph.D.) Scuola di specializzazione Scienze dellAlimentazione – Applied Nutrition (D.Spec.) II Liv. (Ms.) Lauree tecnico/scientifiche Years after high school Lauree sanitarie a ciclo unico Dietician (Bachelor) Scuola di specializzazione in Scienze dellAlimentazione Activated A.A. 2005/2006. One (1) student per year One-year course on Strategies for promotion of nutritional quality and safety in the developmental age. (Dep. of pediatrics) Doctorate in Food Sciences and Technologies (6-7 students/year). About 1 student/year on nutrition

14 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Netherlands:Netherlands: Population estimate 16,570,613 Wageningen:Wageningen: The city incorporates 34,348 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2006), of which many thousands are students. Wageningen University:Wageningen University: The university and associated research institutes employ about 7400 people. It is considered the largest food & nutrition R&D cluster in the world.

15 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 PhD defenses (average 4y): 2003: 55; 2004: 55; 2005: 57; 2006: 59;

16 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 Human Nutrition integration at European level Efforts in integrating education and training in the fields of: Dietetics, Food Sciences, Public Health Nutrition, LLL (life Long Learning) and certification of skills

17 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 DIETS DIETS (Dietitians Improving the Education and Training Standards) was established in 2006 with the University of Plymouth as the coordinating institution, and continues to develop partnership activities among European Dietetic Associations through a Thematic Network with already 100 Partners from 30 European countries A Socrates Thematic Network Two main objectives: 1) To describe all areas of dietetic practice, education and training throughout Europe and develop the utilization of ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) 2) To develop quality indicators, in particular in practice education. Human Nutrition integration at European level

18 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 ISEKI ISEKI-Food Association is an independent European non-profit organization, established in 2005 by more than 50 participants (University institutions, research institutes, companies and associations related to food) from 24 countries of the Thematic network ISEKI-1 and ISEKI-2. A Socrates Thematic Network Two main objectives: 1) Improve the harmonisation of the studies in Food Science and Engineering in Europe. 2) Develop and adapt the curricula, with the objective of including safety and environmental topics. Human Nutrition integration at European level

19 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 PREVNUT extensive networking between universities and larger organizations. Coordinated by Karolinska Institute, was running courses in Eastern Europe in collaboration with the WHO in the early 90s. In 1997, the EC funds a larger collaboration between 21 Universities to set up a joint European master programme in PHN. (Jobnut) JOBNUT objectives: improvement of education and training systems of PHN throughout the EU, reinforcing partnership, exchange of best practice and the promotion of a quality assured registration system for PH nutritionists. Human Nutrition integration at European level

20 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 ENLP Non profit initiative. Since 1994 it organizes intensive courses based on a varied and highly interactive programme, which includes role- playing, presentations, discussion groups and talks by leading European nutritionists. Participants are selected each year from final year PhD students, postdoctoral fellows, the food industry or government (age 35 or younger) ENLP objectives: To assist the development of future leaders in the field of human nutrition in Europe. To build a network of competences which can help to create a common European vision and approach in nutrition and health and food safety. Human Nutrition integration at European level

21 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 NuGo NuGO is a European-funded Network of Excellence, the full title of which is 'The European Nutrigenomics Organisation: linking genomics, nutrition and health research'. Partners are research organizations, Universities and small-medium sized businesses from ten European countries NuGo training objectives: aim of the NoE is to train European scientists to use post-genomic technologies in nutrition research. The objective of the training programme is to promote knowledge and the development of skills in nutrigenomics science throughout Europe. Human Nutrition integration at European level

22 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 (British) Nutrition Society The Nutrition Society holds voluntary registers and is working towards the protection of the title nutritionist in order to protect the public and improve professional standards. It also promote a Code of Ethics and Statement of Professional Conduct and Policy on Professions in the Nutritional Sciences. NS training objectives: NS aims to promote high standards of professional education through a Course Accreditation Scheme. From 2005, course accreditation scheme include two types of specialist courses based on the biosciences: Public Health Nutrition Nutrition. Human Nutrition integration at European level

23 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 GOVERNANCE: Convergence happensConvergence happens Train is already rolling: In or OutTrain is already rolling: In or Out Need for strategiesNeed for strategies Need for integration (local, regional, national, international level)Need for integration (local, regional, national, international level) Exploiting opportunities for education linked to EFSA experts presence in townExploiting opportunities for education linked to EFSA experts presence in town STUDENTS: Italian chidren are Europes fattest; somebody will soon reorder national prioritiesItalian chidren are Europes fattest; somebody will soon reorder national priorities Start thinking from fork to farm instead that from pork to hamStart thinking from fork to farm instead that from pork to ham In the meantime, get internationalIn the meantime, get international FINAL REMARKS (WITH A SPECIAL LOOK AT PARMA):

24 UNIPR-EFSA Conference, 4 October 2007 THANK YOU


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