Presentation on theme: "Doing a Ph.D. Abroad Biagio Cosenza, Ph.D. Illustrations by Antonio Di Matteo."— Presentation transcript:
Doing a Ph.D. Abroad Biagio Cosenza, Ph.D. Illustrations by Antonio Di Matteo
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Disclaimer Ph.D. studentships work differently according to – Scientific field – Country – University – Research group – Professor This presentation is just an personal view of what a Ph.D. Studentship is
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Summary Doing a Ph.D. – Why – What is a Ph.D. Doing a Ph.D. Abroad – US, UK, Germany, Austria – Staying abroad during the Ph.D. What to do next?
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Doing a Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy Highest academic degree awarded by universities in most fields of study Equivalent titles – Dottorato di Ricerca, Doktor, Doctorat, Tohtori,… – Some countries make distinctions between Ph.D. and Doctoral studies
The Value of a Ph.D. XXX vignetta? Un idea: "Having a PhD in Italy vs Having a PhD abroad" /oppure "The value of a Ph.D." parte sulle diversita culturali e sul come e' vista al ricerca fuori vignetta divisa in due left (sfondo una citta tedesca): "So, you are doing a Ph.D, cool!" right (sfondo una citta Italiana): "What are you doing? What does exactly Ph.D. mean? So, are you becoming a doctor helping people?
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Why to get a Ph.D.? An original contribution to knowledge Do something that most people couldnt do Do something thats never been done before Be called doctor when you finish You dont have to search for a real job for a while – OK, this is not a good motivation
Why DO NOT get a Ph.D.? Not wanting a Ph.D. – Happens when we choose to do it as backup solution Get a job before finishing Underestimating what is required Overestimating what is required – Relativity theory wasnt Einstein's thesis Having a supervisor which – Has no idea about your research – Loses contact with you Not having a thesis Estelle M. Phillips' and Derek S. Pugh's, How to get a Ph.D.
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Unwritten Rules of Ph.D. Research Attending courses Prepare lecture/tutorships Presentations Conferences Reports – Annual/monthly/weekly reports …and do research
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Understanding the Academic System Roles – Research assistant, Postdoc, Lecturer, Professor Publications – Books, Journals, Referred papers, Reports – Impact factor Paperwork Funding
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Important Tips Time Management – Do not procrastinate Read Write Do review, get reviewed Present/expose your work – To a critic public Work WITH your supervisor – Do not hide yourself – Do not ignore his advices, bypass his decisions, … Networking
Doing a Ph.D. in the United States Admission Requirements: – Master of Science/Master of Arts – Bachelor, for Master en route programs Apply to open positions, usually via online form – GRE and TOEFL score Each University has its minimal score – Interview – Sometime also Skype interview Students usually apply to 2-6 institutions
Doing a Ph.D. in the United States VISA Ph.D. Candidacy and final Ph.D. thesis Duration: usually from 3 to 5 years – 10 years limitation in some Universities
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Doing a Ph.D. in the UK Few differences with US Funding – In UK mostly P.I. oriented Time to completion – In UK, most PhD positions are offered as studentships that are funded from a time limited, specific grant and for a well defined project Courses – In UK a PhD doesnt typically involve coursework or exams, but solely researching and submitting a PhD thesis.
Doing a Ph.D. in Germany/Austria Strong difference with American University system Required: Masters degree, Diploma, Magister, Staatsexamen – For some studies on which thesis should be written in German: TestDAF or DSH Tenured professor and Privatdozent are aloud to make call for Ph.D. students – They are called Doktorvater/DoktorMutter Open a positions may be – Very specific, if funded by projects E.g. FWF Einzelprojekt (Austria), DFG Sachbeihilfe (Germany) Topics is well defined from the beginning – More generic, if funded differently
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Doing a Ph.D. in Germany/Austria Individual Ph.D. vs structured Ph.D. (Germany) – Only structured in Austria Contract may include teaching Duration: 3 to 5 years (by law no more than 6) – In Computer Science, for big research group usually 5 years – Some groups have specific policies E.g. 4 top conference papers, or cumulative Impact factor > 5.0 Final dissertation
ISISLab, Universita degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), April 22nd, 2013 Going abroad during the Ph.D. Co-PhD – Co-PhD program that allows students to earn a PhD degree jointly with two different departments/Universities Visiting program – Country specific In Germany – DAAD Scholarship, BMBF Mobility Funding, … In Austria see OeAD database http://www.grants.at/http://www.grants.at/ – Field specific E.g. for High Performance Computing – HPC-Europa, DEISA-Prace, HiPEAC Network, … May be your Supervisor doesnt like the idea…
Useful links The Guardian, Higher Education http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/higher-education National Postdoc Association http://www.nationalpostdoc.org/ Time management http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~pausch/Randy/Randy/TimeMa nagementTalk.ppt Biagio Cosenzas home page http://www.dps.uibk.ac.at/~cosenza/ Antonio di Matteos blog http://andimabe.blogspot.com/