Presentation on theme: "Types of Social Interaction Chapter 3 Section 2. Exchange Whenever people interact in an effort to receive a reward or return for their actions, an exchange."— Presentation transcript:
Exchange Whenever people interact in an effort to receive a reward or return for their actions, an exchange has taken place Reciprocity: the idea that if you do something for someone, that person owes you something in return Exchange theory: belief that people are motivated by self-interest in their interactions with other people.
Competition and Conflict Competition: occurs when two or more people or groups oppose each other to achieve a goal that only one can attain Is this good or bad? Can it be useful? Conflict: is the deliberate attempt to control a person by force, to oppose someone, or to harm another person Unlike competition, conflict usually has few or no rules George Simmel identified four sources of conflict: wars, disagreements within groups, legal disputes, and clashed over ideology
Cooperation Cooperation occurs when two or more people or groups work together to achieve a goal that will benefit more than one person
Accommodation Accommodation is a state of balance between cooperation and conflict. (ex. Think of a motel- accommodating by letting you stay there in exchange for a payment.) ◦ Compromise: two parties at odds each give something up to come to a mutual agreement ◦ Truce: temporarily brings a halt to competition or conflict until a compromise can be reached ◦ Mediation: a third party helps the two groups reach a compromise ◦ Arbitration: a third party makes a decision that is binding to both sides