Presentation on theme: "Warm up Religion. What is a religion?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm up Religion. What is a religion? What questions does religion try to answer?
2 Religious Discussions We teach about religions.We will be respectful.We won’t speculate about Truth(capital T).Every religion tells us something about humanity.Every religion can look strange from outside.
3 Religion often includes: a set of beliefs and stories explaining the cause and purpose of the universe,A description of what happens to us when we die,Rituals and practices that are part of the worship of a God or gods,a moral and ethical code to guide human behavior,An organized community of believers.
4 Religion Vocab Orthodoxy- following established/official teachings. Doctrine/Dogma- Official teachings, beliefs.Blasphemy- offense of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred thingsHeresy- a belief or theory that goes against orthodoxy (established teachings).Schism- A division within a religious group.Sect- a religious sub-group (a group w/i a group).Sectarian Violence- violence inspired by religious sects
5 What is a “universal” or “world” religion? List the 5 characteristics (from your reading)
6 What contributed to the rise of world religions?
8 Population (of approximately7.125 Billion): Let’s ComparePopulation (of approximately7.125 Billion):Christianity: approximately 2 billion (1)Islam: approximately 1.3 billion (2)Judaism: approximately 14 million (12)Agnostic, Atheist, Non-Affiliated, Secular—1.1 billionHinduism—1 billion Traditional Chinese—394 million Buddhism—376 million
15 The Origins of Judaism Land and Religion Why was ancient Palestine such an interesting place?Where did Abraham and his family come from?What is the relationship between Yahweh and the Hebrews?How was Abraham’s God (Yahweh) different from other Gods?
18 This is called The Covenant (a covenant is an agreement) God promises to protect Abraham’s people from their enemies , and give them the land of Canaan (Israel).In return, Hebrews promise to obey God (Yahweh)This is called The Covenant (a covenant is an agreement)
19 The ExodusLater the Hebrews suffered from the failure of their crops. They moved to Egypt, but over time they were made into slaves.After many years, they left in a mass departure that Jews called the Exodus.According to the sacred book of the Jews, a man named Moses led them out of Egypt. They wandered 40 years in a wilderness.
20 The Second CovenantDuring that time, the story says, Moses received from God the Ten Commandments on Mt. Sinai.These were the laws that the Hebrews were to follow. For the second time, God promised to protect these people in return for their obedience to his laws.
22 The Ten Commandments Similar to Hammurabi’s code? A new covenant for the JewishpeopleGraven Image=Idol worship (worshipping a physical representation of the gods)How are the Ten Commandments:Similar to Hammurabi’s code?Different from Hammurabi’s Code?
24 Comparing Hammurabi and 10 Commandments Similar in some respects, but strict penalties softened by God’s mercy.First four commandments are not specific laws but guidelines on how to live a moral life and worship God (convenant).Interpreted by prophets (religious teachers) who focused more on equality before the law.
25 Duties of the HebrewsThe Hebrews had other leaders called prophets. They said that they were messengers sent by God to tell the people how he wanted them to act.These prophets told the people that they had two duties:1. To worship God2. To deal in just and fairways with each other.
26 Significance of Monotheism With monotheism, religion was changing.Instead of being a part of life run by priests who followed certain rituals, it was now a matter of each person living a moral life.The idea emerged that each individual was important and valuable to God; and God was accessible to everyone, not just the priests.
30 Who said it?“Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, and pray for those who mistreat you.”
31 The Teachings of JesusIf someone takes your coat, let him have your shirt as well.Give to everyone who asks for something, and when someone takes what is yours, do not ask for it back.Do for others only what you would want them to do for you.
32 Jesus Member of the Roman Empire. Firm believer in Judaism. Jesus was Jewish.
36 Who said it?“Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, and pray for those who mistreat you.”
37 Jesus and the RomansWhy do you think that the Romans felt threatened by this poor carpenter?
38 From a Roman perspective, why did Jesus have to die? • Because he disturbed Roman order. • Because he spoke seditiously of a coming kingdom other than that of Caesar. • Because he allowed himself to be called “King of the Jews.” • Because he made a nuisance of himself at the wrong time (Passover), in the wrong place (Jerusalem), in the presence of the wrong people (Pilate and the temple leadership under his command). • Because his crucifixion would be a powerful deterrent that might keep other Jews from following in his footsteps.
46 Hard Power and Soft Power Hard Power: The use of physical force and economic threats to change people’s behavior.Soft Power: The ability to attract people to your idea without force, to get them to change their behavior willingly through persuasion.Thesis Statements (with two pieces of evidence for each)Which type of power explains the survival and spread of Christianity?
52 Libraries: who was doing their summer reading? In the 1300s, libraries in Baghdad (not in Europe, but in the Islamic World) contained 400,000 books.Most libraries in Europe had only several hundred books.
53 Long before the Europeans, Muslim and Chinese doctors: learned to use sedativespioneered the use of antiseptics to clean woundsused sutures to bind woundsDescribed how blood circulated in the bodyUsed eyeglassesPracticed vaccination/innoculation against disease
54 In 1095 Pope Urban II set off 200 years of Crusades against Muslims in the Holy Land
55 .“All who die by the way, whether by land or by sea, or in battle against the pagans, shall have immediate remission of sins. This I grant them through the power of God with which I am invested.”