the transfer of energy and matter in the form of food when one organism eats another organism.
a group of food chains within the same ecosystem.
1. Sun – the energy source that fuels a food chain. 2. Producer – plants convert the sun’s energy into food by a process known as photosynthesis.
Herbivore – an organism that eats only producers. Carnivore – an organism that eats only other consumers. Omnivore – an organism that eats both producers and consumers Scavenger – eats dead organisms.
– an organism that feeds on dead or decaying matter and breaks down the nutrients into the soil making them available for use. Decomposer -
Producer [Photosynthesis] Primary Consumer (Herbivore or Omnivore) Secondary Consumer [Etc. – Tertiary, Quaternary] (Omnivore or Carnivore Scavenger / Decomposers Nutrients in the soil absorbed by plants – process starts anew Arrow represent the flow of energy
Energy is lost (10% energy transfer) as you move up the pyramid