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Section B Beat your fear 3 2 When courage triumphed over fear

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1 Section B Beat your fear 3 2 When courage triumphed over fear
UNIT Beat your fear When courage triumphed over fear Section B To master the reading skill Objectives To understand the text To practice the phrases and patterns To learn about speech writing

2 Contents When courage triumphed over fear Warming-up Reading skills
Section B When courage triumphed over fear Warming-up Reading skills Text study Comparative study Contents Unit project

3 When courage triumphed over fear
Section B When courage triumphed over fear Warming-up Lead-in Background information

4 1. Supposing you are in the airplane, how your feeling may change?
Tips 2. How to survive an airline crash? Video Watching

5 Back

6 1. Supposing you are in the airplane, how your feeling may change?
Tips 1. Supposing you are in the airplane, how your feeling may change? Nervous Fearful Terrified

7 2. How to survive an airline crash?
Tips Preparing for flights safely Dress comfortably. Wear long pants, a long- sleeve t-shirt, and sturdy, comfortable, lace- up shoes. Sit in the tail of the aircraft. It’s best to get seats as close as possible to an exit, on the aisle, and in the back of the plane. To be continued

8 2. How to survive an airline crash?
Tips Bracing for impact Brace yourself against the seat in front of you. Try and remain calm. Put your oxygen mask on before assisting others. To be continued

9 2. How to survive an airline crash?
Tips Surviving the Crash Protect yourself from smoke. Listen to the flight attendants’ post-crash instructions. Ditch your stuff. Get out of the airplane as quickly as possible.

10 1. landing gear system 2. bumpy landing 3. fuel dumping Tips
Background information 1. landing gear system 2. bumpy landing 3. fuel dumping Tips

11 1. landing gear system Tips
Background information 1. landing gear system Tips Landing gear system is a conventional aircraft tricycle configuration consisting of a nose landing gear (前起落架) and a left and right main landing gear on an airplane. Each landing gear includes a shock strut (减震支柱) with two wheel and tire assemblies. Each main landing gear wheel is equipped with a brake assembly with anti-skid protection. The nose landing gear is steerable after nose wheel touchdown at landing. To be continued

12 1. landing gear system Tips
Background information Background information 1. landing gear system Tips The nose landing gear is located in the lower forward fuselage (机身), and the main landing gear are located in the lower left and right wing area adjacent to the mid-fuselage. The landing gear is the structure that supports an aircraft on the ground and allows it to taxi, take off and land. Typically wheels are used. Malfunctions or human errors (or a combination of these) related to retractable landing gear have been the cause of numerous accidents and incidents throughout aviation history.

13 Background information
2. bumpy landing Tips Bumpy landing is also called hard landing, which may result from emergency landing of any kind, such as wheels-up landing (belly landing), crash landing, etc. Before a bumpy landing, the passengers are supposed to make preparations by following the instructions on the safety card, “Tuck your head down on your lap, or against the seat in front of you, and brace yourself.”

14 3. fuel dumping (应急放油) Tips
Background information 3. fuel dumping (应急放油) Tips Fuel dumping is a procedure used by aircraft in emergency situations before returning to a nearby airport shortly after take-off, or before landing short of its intended destination (emergency landing). Many aircraft require the ability to dump fuel because of landing weight restrictions imposed by the manufacturers. To be continued

15 3. fuel dumping (应急放油) Tips
Background information 3. fuel dumping (应急放油) Tips Although a plane may be able to take off at a certain weight, its structure and landing gear may only be able to withstand the impact of landing at a much lower weight. When fully loaded with fuel, most planes are simply too heavy to land safely without risking a landing gear collapse or other disastrous structural failure. Planes are therefore fitted with emergency fuel dump systems that release enough fuel to lighten the aircraft until they can land safely.

16 When courage triumphed over fear
Section B When courage triumphed over fear Reading skills Presentation of the skill Reading skill practice

17 Making inferences Writers often tell more than they actually say with words by giving you hints or clues that allow you to draw conclusions from information that is implied. Therefore, you need to learn how to infer so that you can go below the surface details to see what is actually implied (not stated) within the words of the story. Inferring, sometimes called “reading between the lines”, is what occurs when you draw upon prior knowledge to make a prediction about upcoming events in the story.

18 Making inferences Successful inferences can be achieved by:
1 perceiving the detailed description of an event, and sometimes the organization of the passage: the introduction, development and conclusion; 2 trying to evoke in mind what prior knowledge you have, and sometimes understand the reasoning and logic of the author; 3 relating the ideas and deducing additional meaning from them.

19 Making inferences Example
My hand hit the jetty. It was like an electric shock that brought me back to my senses. (Para. 18, Text A) Question: What does it imply?

20 Making inferences We can infer from the above information that the author had almost lost his senses while he was trying to rescue the child. Concentrating all his efforts on the rescue task, he was unable to think about anything irrelevant. Having finished the rescue successfully, he felt totally relaxed. That is why when his hand hit the jetty, he suddenly resumed all his senses like being shocked by electricity and he knew that he was safe.

21 Making inferences Practice As you read Text B the first time, use contextual clues, common sense and your knowledge to guess the possible answers to the questions between the paragraphs. Then compare your answers with your partner’s to see if both of you understand the author’s meaning in the same way.

22 Making inferences 1. What does “knowing grins” imply?
“Knowing grins” implies that they regarded bumping as a common occurrence in flight. 2. What does the news provided by the pilot imply? Based on our prior knowledge about what happens if there is something wrong with the nose-wheel steering and the whole landing gear system, we can infer that the passengers and the crew were all in danger, and it was highly possible that the plane would crash.

23 Making inferences 3. What does the last sentence “The mother’s gaze held the child so fixed and intent …” imply? This sentence shows that the mother’s gaze at the child displayed a deep care and concern, which calmed down the child in order to keep her from being influenced by the outside dangers, implying that mother’s love was so great that it could help the little child conquer all the outside fears. 4. What implication can you draw from this paragraph? This paragraph tells a simple truth that their survival from the possible air crash was a miracle, and a lot of luck.

24 When courage triumphed over fear
Section B When courage triumphed over fear Text study Text comprehension Language focus Critical thinking

25 Questions previewing When the author says “only now can I speak of it without tears filling my eyes at the memory”, his implication is that ___________. (Para. 1) When did the airplane begin to bump according to the text? (Para. 3) 3. When the pilot soon provided some grave news regarding the flight, the travelers were ______________. (Para. 7) 4. When hearing the grave news, the woman mentioned in the text was ________________ . (Para. 8) 5. When hearing the grave news, how did the author respond? (Para.8) 6. The little girl was not panicked because _______. (Para.11) 7. The tragedy the travelers feared didn’t turn to be their destiny _____________. (Para.16) 8. What is the purpose of the story? (Para.18)

26 Tips he is calm and quiet now
When the author says “only now can I speak of it without tears filling my eyes at the memory”, his implication is that ___________________. (Para. 1) Tips he is calm and quiet now

27 Shortly after the plane took off.
2. When did the airplane begin to bump according to the text? (Para. 3) Tips Shortly after the plane took off.

28 Sentence interpretation
原句: Immediately upon take-off, long before we had reached our cruising altitude, it was clear that something was wrong. (Para.3, L9) 解释: Just when the plane took off, and long before we could climb very high, there was, obviously, something wrong. 译文: 飞机刚一起飞,远未达到巡航高度时,我们就明 显感到有什么不对劲。

29 C. frightened and panicked D. confident
3. When the pilot soon provided some grave news regarding the flight, the travelers were ____________. (Para. 7) Tips Choose the best answer to the question. A. still very calm B. angry C. frightened and panicked D. confident

30 4. When hearing the grave news, the woman mentioned in the text was ___________________. (Para. 8)
Tips calm and peaceful

31 The author was initially terrified but later calmed down.
5. When hearing the grave news, how did the author respond? (Para. 8) Tips The author was initially terrified but later calmed down.

32 Sentence interpretation
原句: Despite the circumstance, there was no angry emotion or tension, and this calm voice evoked a calm in me that quieted some of my initial fears. It became imperative that I find her. (Para. 8, L35) 解释: Although the surroundings were in disorder, there were no angry emotion or stressed feelings in this calm voice, which helped to produce a calm in me. I was not frightened any more. 译文: 尽管形势危急,这个平静的声音既没有愤怒之情 也没有紧张,唤醒了我内心的镇静,抚平了我最 初的恐惧。

33 Sentence interpretation
6. The little girl was not panicked because ________. (Para.11) Tips Choose the best answer to the question. A. she didn’t hear the grave news B. she was blind and deaf C. she was fixed and intent on her mother D. she was too small to know anything 上面挤,下面空

34 Sentence interpretation
原句: The mother’s gaze held the child so fixed and intent that the child seemed untouched by the sounds of grief and fear all around her. (Para. 11, L47) 不为···所动 解释: The child’s total attention was calmly fixed on her mother, who was paying undivided and calmly fixed attention to her child. This made the child unaffected by the chaos around her and her mother. 译文: 母亲凝视的目光让孩子听得聚精会神,似乎一点 也不为周围人们哀伤和惊恐的声音所动。

35 Sentence interpretation
7. The tragedy the travelers feared didn’t turn to be their destiny ________________. (Para.16) Tips because their landing gear unbelievably held

36 Sentence interpretation
着地顺利、轻松 原句: Our touchdown was smooth and easy; the tragedy we had feared was not our destiny. (Para. 16, L61) 解释: The plane landed smoothly and without difficulty. The air crash we had all worried about did not become our fate. 译文: 我们着地顺利、轻松;我们所恐惧的悲剧并没有成为 我们的宿运。

37 8. What is the purpose of the story? (Para.18)
Tips To show the greatest courage out of a mother’s greater love.

38 Text summary When courage triumphed over fear
Six years ago, when I took a flight, I saw real courage. Immediately upon _________, long before we had reached our ________________, it was clear that something was wrong. We ___________ travelers knew that they were just ____________________ and __________. Soon our _______________ were disappearing. The pilot soon provided some ______ news take-off cruising altitude experienced some minor problems turbulence relaxed attitudes grave To be continued

39 Text summary regarding the landing gear vulnerable proximity overheard
________ the flight. Because of the problems with _______________, the passengers and the crew were all in danger. Most travelers looked ___________ and grim. However, somewhere in my _________, I __________ a still calm voice underlying the panic. This calm voice of a mother _______ a calm in me that quieted some of my ______ fears. Only the greatest courage had brought that mother up and ______ her above the chaos around her. It is the voice of true courage, showing the ________________ of love. regarding the landing gear vulnerable proximity overheard evoked initial lifted amazing power

40 Practical Phrases Specific Meanings
Language focus Practical phrases Practical Phrases Specific Meanings 1. settle back 舒服地躺(坐)下 2. on board 在船上;在飞机上; 3. in the event of sth. 万一… ;假若… 4. in / into position 在适当的位置 5. over and over (again) 再三地;重复地 6. for sure 肯定地;确切地 7. no earthly reason / use, etc. 毫无缘由 / 用处等 8. hint of 少许;微量;(细微的) 迹象

41 Practical phrases 舒服地躺(坐)下 settle back 短语逆译 短语应用 意群提示
Language focus Practical phrases 舒服地躺(坐)下 settle back 短语逆译 短语应用 昨天晚上熬了一夜,现在他舒服地靠在新椅子上。 意群提示 (settle back / burn the mid-night oil) After he burned the mid-night oil yesterday, now he settled back comfortably in his new chair.

42 Practical phrases 在船上; 在飞机上 on board 短语逆译 短语应用 意群提示
Language focus Practical phrases 在船上; 在飞机上 on board 短语逆译 短语应用 对这次航行,我本来非常激动,但在船上呆了两天我就因为晕船得厉害想回家了。 意群提示 (take this cruise / on board/ seasick ) I was very excited about taking this cruise, but after two days on board, I got so seasick that I wanted to go back home.

43 Practical phrases in the event of sth. 万一… ;假若… 短语逆译 短语应用 意群提示
Language focus Practical phrases in the event of sth. 万一… ;假若… 短语逆译 短语应用 不要太担心我,紧急情况下我可以打电话求助。 意群提示 (call for/ in the event of sth.) Don’t worry about me too much. I can call for help in the event of an emergency.

44 Practical phrases 在适当的位置 短语逆译 in / into position 短语应用 意群提示
Language focus Practical phrases 在适当的位置 短语逆译 in / into position 短语应用 约翰踢球时肩膀脱臼了,他只好去医院把肩膀复位。 意群提示 (dislocate his shoulder/ into position) While playing soccer, John dislocated his shoulder and had to go to the hospital where he got his shoulder put back into position. 

45 Practical phrases 再三地;重复地 over and over (again) 短语逆译 短语应用 意群提示
Language focus Practical phrases 再三地;重复地 over and over (again) 短语逆译 短语应用 我一再跟你讲不要那么做,但你总是置若罔闻。 意群提示 (turn a deaf ear to ) I’ve told you over and over again not to do that, but you always turn a deaf ear to what I said.

46 Practical phrases 肯定地; 确切地 短语逆译 for sure 短语应用 意群提示
Language focus Practical phrases 肯定地; 确切地 短语逆译 for sure 短语应用 当我坦诚告诉她我钱包丢了时,她肯定会相信我。 意群提示 (honestly /lose my wallet/for sure ) When I honestly tell her I lost my wallet, she must believe me for sure.

47 no earthly reason / use, etc. 毫无缘由 / 用处等 短语逆译
Language focus Practical phrases no earthly reason / use, etc. 毫无缘由 / 用处等 短语逆译 短语应用 天知道为什么这次大风几乎把村里的一切都摧毁了,而唯独我家却得以幸免。 意群提示 (no earthly reason/ powerful wind / spare our home ) There was no earthly reason why the powerful wind, which destroyed almost the entire village, spared our home.

48 Practical phrases 少许;微量(细微的) 迹象 短语逆译 hint of 短语应用
Language focus Practical phrases 少许;微量(细微的) 迹象 短语逆译 hint of 短语应用 她谈起那些悲剧事件的时候,声音中流露出深切的哀伤。 意群提示 (speak about / the tragic events / hint of ) When she spoke about the tragic events, there was more than a hint of sadness in her voice.

49 Functional patterns Functional Patterns Functions & Usages
Language focus Functional patterns Functional Patterns Functions & Usages 1. Only now can I... 用于强调很长时间以来都有某种感受。 2. It is / was not long before… 用于表达“用不了多久就会发生某事”。 3. It is / becomes imperative / essential / crucial / vital / important / necessary that… 用于强调某事的必要性和重要性。 49

50 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns
Language focus Functional patterns 我六年前在乘坐的一架航班上就见识了。只到现在,凭记忆述说这件事的时候,我才不致热泪盈眶。 原句译文 逆译练习 I saw it on a flight I took six years ago, and only now can I speak of it without tears filling my eyes at the memory. (Para. 1) 句型提炼

51 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns Only now can I... 用于强调“很长时间以来都有某种感受”。
Language focus Functional patterns Only now can I... 句型提炼 应用提示 用于强调“很长时间以来都有某种感受”。 句型应用

52 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 转变是对改变的否定,只有现在我才能提出这个问题:究竟有转变这回事吗?
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 转变是对改变的否定,只有现在我才能提出这个问题:究竟有转变这回事吗? 意群提示 (the denial of change / only now can I) 意群提示字号小么? Change is the denial of change, and only now can I put this question: is there a change at all?

53 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns
Language focus Functional patterns 没过多久我们放松的心情就开始消失了。 原句译文 逆译练习 框框有点多,页面不够简洁,下同 It wasn’t long before our relaxed attitudes began to evaporate. (Para. 4) 句型提炼

54 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns It is / was not long before …
Language focus Functional patterns It is / was not long before … 句型提炼 应用提示 用于表达“用不了多久就会发生某事”。 句型应用

55 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 她没用多久就说服他一起去看电影了。
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 她没用多久就说服他一起去看电影了。 意群提示 (It wasn’t long before/ persuade) It wasn’t long before she had persuaded him to go with her to the theater.

56 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns 我急需找到她。
Language focus Functional patterns 我急需找到她。 原句译文 逆译练习 It became imperative that I find her. (Para. 8) 句型提炼

57 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns 用于强调某事的必要性和重要性。
Language focus Functional patterns It is / becomes imperative / essential / crucial / vital/important / necessary that … 句型提炼 应用提示 用于强调某事的必要性和重要性。 句型应用

58 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 我们把事情摆到桌面上来讨论,这一点很重要。
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 我们把事情摆到桌面上来讨论,这一点很重要。 意群提示 (It’s essential that) It’s essential that we put everything on the table for discussion.

59 Genuine collocations 1. 休闲阅读 light reading 2. 巡航高度 cruising altitude
Language focus Genuine collocations 1. 休闲阅读 light reading 2. 巡航高度 cruising altitude 3. 会心一笑 knowing grins 4. 泰然处之 act relaxed 5. 可怕的消息 grave news 6. 机械故障 the problems with the mechanisms 7. 免俗 immune to its terror 8. 咬紧牙关 grind their teeth 9. 目不转睛 stare full into 10. 她心系女儿安危。 Her first concern was for her daughter’s well-being.

60 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 从飞机油箱里倒出的成百上千加仑的汽油就从舷窗外飞流直下,没有什么比这种景象更能让人感到事态的严重。 a. No sight has ever been so sobering as that fuel, hundreds of gallons of it, streaming past my window out of the plane’s tanks.

61 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 这是一位女性的声音,说话语调完全就像普通聊天一样正常。尽管形势危急,这个平静的声音既没有愤怒之情也没有紧张,唤醒了我内心的镇静,抚平了我最初的恐惧。 b. It was a woman’s voice, speaking in an absolutely normal conversational tone. Despite the circumstance, there was no angry emotion or tension, and this calm voice evoked a calm in me that quieted some of my initial fears.

62 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 孩子仔细聆听,意识到母亲的话语的分量。母亲凝视的目光让孩子听得聚精会神,似乎一点也不为周围人们哀伤和惊恐的声音所动。 c. The child listened closely, sensing that her mother’s words were invaluable. The mother’s gaze held the child so fixed and intent that the child seemed untouched by the sounds of grief and fear all around her.

63 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 在飞机下坠的过程中,见惯世事的商人们当时说话声中无不流露出恐惧。只有最伟大的勇气,以更伟大的爱为根基,才支撑起这位母亲,使她超然于周围的混乱之上。 d. During that descent, not one of the hardened business people could have spoken without a hint of fear in their voice. Only the greatest courage, with a foundation of even greater love, had brought that mother up and lifted her above the chaos around her.

64 3. What would you suggest if a student is frightened by examinations?
Critical thinking Further discussion Tips 2. What other factors besides love do you think could help people face challenges in life? 1. How do you understand that love acts as a source to overcome our inner fear? 3. What would you suggest if a student is frightened by examinations? Tips Tips 4. How can we help the survivors of earthquakes to overcome fear? Tips

65 Critical thinking Further discussion 1. How do you understand that love acts as a source to overcome our inner fear? Tips • Love generates strength and confidence which help to overcome our inner fear. • Love is able to bring into full play the most courageous acts in the world, and love can conquer our inner fear. • Becoming a more loving person toward others will help you to transcend your fear. Becoming more loving toward yourself will help you to heal your fear.

66 Critical thinking Further discussion 2. What other factors besides love do you think could help people face challenges in life? Tips • Confidence may strengthen our determination to handle any difficulties we are confronted with. • A sense of purpose in our life is critical. • A strong social network is also useful. • Optimism can always make us filled with hope. • Necessary problem-solving skills and strategies are most crucial to our performance when we are facing challenges.

67 3. What would you suggest if a student is frightened by examinations?
Critical thinking Further discussion 3. What would you suggest if a student is frightened by examinations? Tips Tips to keep fear away during exams: • Prepare well in advance and do not mug up. • Make time to relax. • Revise properly. In order to prevent anxiety, the last few weeks before the examination should be spent revising each subject. • Be flexible during the exam.

68 4. How can we help the survivors of earthquakes to overcome fear?
Critical thinking Further discussion 4. How can we help the survivors of earthquakes to overcome fear? Tips • It can be important to visit with a qualified therapist who can help the survivor identify the root causes of the fear and address those underlying reasons for the fear response. • Support groups can be helpful. • Sometimes fear can be removed in much the same way as an onion is peeled.

69 Do you know how to interpret the Chinese character “勇”?
Critical thinking Cultural Exploration Do you know how to interpret the Chinese character “勇”? Tips 2. What is the Western tradition of “courage”? Tips

70 Do you know how to interpret Chinese character “勇”?
Critical thinking Cultural exploration Do you know how to interpret Chinese character “勇”? Tips The radical of character “力” (strength) is a principal component of the Chinese character “勇”, therefore, “勇” is related to the power. Chinese character “勇”, as an ingredient of the Confucian ethics, means to be courageous with mercy and wisdom.

71 2. What is the Western tradition of “courage”?
Critical thinking Cultural exploration 2. What is the Western tradition of “courage”? Tips • Ancient Greek philosophy regards courage or fortitude as one of the four cardinal virtues, along with prudence, justice, and temperance. • Courage is also one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. Only through love and charity can we call the natural virtue of courage a Christian virtue. • Courage is often depicted as having tamed the ferocious lion.

72 When courage triumphed over fear
Section B When courage triumphed over fear Comparative study Thematic study Thematic study Language features analysis

73 1. Comparison between the courageous and the faint-hearted.
Tips 2. How could you, a college student, blossom into a courageous person? Tips

74 1. Comparison between the courageous and the faint-hearted.
1. Be brave; 2. Be firmly and powerful; 3. Be immovably and wisely; 4. Be persistent and embrace the success; 5. With love and charity. 1. Be scared; 2. With symptoms of the fear; 3. Be paralyzed with fear; 4. Be easy to quit and welcome the failure; 5. With moral courage.

75 2. How could you, a college student, blossom into a courageous person?
Tips Courageously, I shall make the choice to accept the challenges before me rather than forever let others make my decisions.  We are not born with courage, but neither are we born with fear. Study some school mottoes including courage and learn from people with brave hearts. The ethics spirit should be revived in the contemporary university moral education.

76 Based on your study of the two texts, compare the writing styles of the two texts in terms of their typical language features.

77 1. What are the typical language features of the two texts?
Tips 2. List more examples from the text to support your ideas. Tips

78 1. What are the typical language features of the two texts?
Tips Text A contains a lot of detailed psychological description. Text B is typical of comparison and contrast.

79 2. List more examples from the text to support your ideas.
Tips Text A The climax and the turning point is that the author made the single big decision to throw himself into the water. It is either physical or emotional. At the beginning, the author was still hesitant about saving the boy; but after intense mental struggle, especially when he saw no one was there, he was determined to save the boy. Text B The different responses toward the bumpy landing from different people on the plane, do great help to arrive at naturally the unit theme.

80 When courage triumphed over fear
Section B When courage triumphed over fear Unit project Doing a report Report writing

81 Doing a report Doing a report on “How can one conquer the fear of delivering a speech in public?”

82 Doing a report Many students nowadays have the fear of public speaking. They lack both the confidence and skills to speak in public. However, given its important role in our career, public speaking is necessary for each one of us irrespective of our age or profession. In this unit, you are going to write a report on how to conquer the fear of delivering a public speech.

83 1 Read and discuss the questions about delivering a public speech.
Doing a report 1 Read and discuss the questions about delivering a public speech. 2 Interview two or three senior students good at delivering public speech. Prepare your interview questions in advance, and the following three questions are provided for reference. 3 Work in groups. Summarize the strategies or suggestions you collected from the interview and write a report. 4 Present your findings to the class.

84 Writing a report on “How to Conquer the Fear
Report writing Writing a report on “How to Conquer the Fear of Delivering a Speech in Public” You may include the following points: • Difficulties college students have in giving a public speech; • Your interview: √ Who you interviewed; √ Questions you asked; √ Advice the interviewees gave; √ Your suggestions on giving a public speech.

85 You may use the following expressions in your writing.
Report writing You may use the following expressions in your writing. To fear is natural; to see past them is heroic. To accept one’s fears is to be mature and challenged. You have to believe in yourself. That's the secret of success.-Charles Chaplin

86 Section B When courage triumphed over fear The End


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