Presentation on theme: "1/8/14 Focus: -Feudalism is a form of government that started in the middle ages. -Feudalism only occurs when there is a weak central government because."— Presentation transcript:
1 1/8/14 Focus:-Feudalism is a form of government that started in the middle ages.-Feudalism only occurs when there is a weak central government because the king ends up giving away some of his landDo Now:Why was the Early Middle Ages known as the Dark Ages?
2 Focus“The Catholic church had to step up and do whatever they could to help the people of Western Europe. At times they provided food, shelter and many other things to the people. The reason why they needed to provided these things to the people was that there was no longer anyone else that could”Points for discussion- Why did people go to church so much during the middle ages?Term to know Missionary-Critical lens- “The church was the only stabile thing that they had in the middle ages ”
3 Feudalism Manor System The Middle AgesFeudalismManor System
4 Medieval Society Nobility Clergy Peasants Kings and Queens Rulers Lords and KnightsControlled the landClergyChurch officialsPeasantsMajority of the populationWorked the land and served the nobles
5 Feudalism#Political and social system based on the granting of land in exchange for loyalty, military assistance, and other services
6 Feudalism#Developed as a result of frequent invasions in western EuropeKings and nobles needed a way to protect their lands
7 Feudalism Lords divided their lands into estates called fiefs Fiefs (land) given to vassalsA person granted land in return for loyalty or military serviceAll nobles were vassals to the king
8 Feudalism Knights Mounted warriors who protected lord’s lands Given land for their services#ChivalryCode of ethics followed by knightsHonesty, fairness in battle, loyal, proper treatment of women
10 Feudal Obligations Knights Obligation to Lord Lord’s Obligation to KnightsProvide military serviceRemain loyal and faithfulGive money on special occasionsGive LandProtect from attackResolve disputes between knights
11 Constructing the Pyramid Feudal Power SERFS AND FREEMEN
12 Constructing the Pyramid of Feudal Power LESSER NOBLES(KNIGHTS)LABORPROTECTIONSERFS AND FREEMEN
13 Constructing the Pyramid of Feudal Power POWERFULNOBLESLAND ANDPROTECTIONLOYALTY ANDMILITARY SERVICELESSER NOBLES(KNIGHTS)LABORPROTECTIONSERFS AND FREEMEN
14 Constructing the Pyramid of Feudal Power KINGLOYALTY ANDSERVICELANDPOWERFULNOBLESLAND ANDPROTECTIONLOYALTY ANDMILITARY SERVICELESSER NOBLES(KNIGHTS)LABORPROTECTIONSERFS AND FREEMEN
15 Manorial System#An economic system in the Middle Ages that was built around large estates called manorsIncluded a village and the land surrounding it
16 Manorial System Manors were self sufficient Most things needed for daily life were produced on the manor
18 Manorial System #Serfs #Peasants who lived and worked on the lord’s manorWere not allowed to leave the manor or marry without the lord’s permissionWere allowed to farm on the manor in return for workLords were required to protect the serfs
19 Manorial System The life of a serf was harsh Worked long hours few lived past 35 years oldBased on heredityYou were a serf if you parents were
20 Manorial System The Harshness of Manor Life Peasants pay taxes to use mill and bakery; pay a tithe to priestTithe—a church tax—is equal to one-tenth of a peasant’s incomeSerfs live in crowded cottages with dirt floors, straw for bedsWorked long hoursraising crops, livestock; feeding and clothing familyPoor diet, illness, malnutrition make life expectancy 35 yearsSerfs generally accept their lives as part of God’s plan
21 Manorial System Freemen skilled workers who paid rent to nobles and could leave the manorEx. Blacksmith and millers
22 Let’s see how much you remember! Manorial SystemLet’s see how much you remember!Everyone owed loyalty to the ________Nobles were near the top of the social hierarchy . They got _______ from the king.Lesser nobles (knights) gave _________ _________ in return for land_______ were bound to the land. They worked in return for ____________.__________ were skilled workers. They paid rent to the ______ and were free to move if they wanted to.
23 Closure Explain why feudalism developed in western Europe. What was a knight’s obligation to the lord?What was the lord’s obligation to the knight?
24 Check Your Answers Everyone owed loyalty to the king. Nobles were near the top of the social hierarchy. They got land from the king.Lesser nobles (knights) gave military service in return for land.Serfs were bound to the land. They worked in return for protection.Freemen were skilled workers. They paid rent to the nobles and were free to move if they wanted to.
25 Closure What was the Manorial System How were manors self sufficient? Explain why feudalism developed in western Europe.