Presentation on theme: "What is Drama? Types of Drama Elements of Drama"— Presentation transcript:
1 What is Drama? Types of Drama Elements of Drama Learning About DramaWhat is Drama?Types of DramaElements of Drama
2 What is DRAMA?Drama is a story told in dialogue by performers in front of an audience.Drama is another word for a play.When you think of drama, you might think of stage plays performed in theatres. However, drama is more than theatre.
3 DRAMADrama includesSTAGE PLAYS – drama written to be performed on a stage for a live audienceSCREENPLAYS – scripts written for films. These will include camera angles and can allow for more scene changes than a stage play.
4 DRAMA Continued Drama also includes TELEPLAYS – scripts written for television and often contain elements similar to a screenplay.RADIO PLAYS – written to be performed as radio broadcasts. They include sound effects and require no set, stage, or directions that explain movement.
5 Types of Drama There are 3 main types of drama. Comedy It is light and humorousHas a happy endingFeatures normal characters in funny situationsWritten to entertain, but may also point out the faults of society
6 Types of Drama continued 2) Tragedy – a contrast to comedya) the events of the drama lead to the downfall of the main characterb) character can be an average person, but is often a person of great significance like a king or a heroic figurec) has a tragic ending – ends in catastrophe for the main characterd) the cause of the tragedy can be a weakness or flaw in the main character or an evil in societye) written to cause the audience to pity and then to think about the weakness or flaw
7 Types of Drama Continued 3) Drama – used to describe plays that address serious subjects* usually highly emotional* written to excite emotion from the audience*intended to portray life or character or to tell a story usually involving conflicts and emotions
8 Types of Drama conclusion There are many other types of drama that fall under these 3 main types.For example: melodrama, tragicomedy, comedy of manners, social document, burlesque, pantomime, mime, opera, musical comedy, musical, mystery, murder mystery, farce, problem drama, classical drama, historical drama, expressionism, theater of the absurd, theater of cruelty, mixed media theater, epic, pageant, masque, miracle play, revival, serial, thriller
9 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA The following elements make drama come to life: The PLAYWRIGHT is the author of a play.The ACTORS are the people who perform the drama. The ACTORS take the parts of the characters.
10 ELEMENTS OF DRAMACHARACTER is a person or an animal that takes part in the action of the drama.The way a playwright develops a character is called CHARACTERIZATION.This is shown by1) what the character says and does,2) what the character feels and thinks,3) what other characters say about a character,4) and what the narrator tells the audience directly.
11 ELEMENTS OF DRAMA Dramatic Speech advances the story’s actions Dialogue – conversation between or among charactersMonologue – a long speech that is spoken by a single character. Many times it reveals a character’s private thoughts and feelings.
12 ELEMENTS OF DRAMAStage Directions – [the sets of bracketed information] that describe the scenery and how the characters should move and speakTheatre – a place where plays are usually presentedSet – the construction on the stage to suggest time and placeScenery – another word for set
13 ELEMENTS OF DRAMAProps – small movable items that actors use to make their actions look realistic.ACTS are the units of action in a drama.The ACTS are often divided into smaller parts called SCENES.