Presentation on theme: "Comparing the Trans-Saharan & Silk Road Trade Routes"— Presentation transcript:
1 Comparing the Trans-Saharan & Silk Road Trade Routes
2 Essential QuestionsHow were the Trans-Saharan Trade and the Silk Road similar?How were these trade routes different?
3 SimilaritiesBoth brought wealth and access to foreign products and enabled people to concentrate their efforts on economic activities best suited to their regions.The accumulation of wealth along both routes encouraged nomadic invasions.Both facilitated the spread of religious traditions beyond their original homelands.
5 Where did the Silk Road go? Linked China and the Holy Roman EmpireThe two extreme ends of EurasiaThere the road split into two main branches that went around the Taklamakan desert to the north and southIn northern Iran, the route joined with trade ports on the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf and proceeded to Palmyra (modern Syria)There it met roads coming from Arabia and ports on the Red SeaThe Silk Roads also provided access at ports like Guangzhou in southern China that led to sea routes to India and Ceylon (modern-day Sri Lanka)
7 All of the 4 major religions spread through Silk Road… Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam all spread along the silk road.ReligionIndian merchants brought by Brahmin priestsBuddhism was also popular amongst the trade routeMuslim scholars brought by Arab merchantsChristian merchants brought by priests
8 The Trans-Saharan/Sand Road Began with Soninke Empire (Ghana) in the 5th centuryLinked North Africa, the Mediterranean world, and West AfricaWas primarily conducted over land
10 More important than the wheel… Made possible by the CAMEL!The pack camel was arguably the most important innovation to civilization since the wheel.Came from North Africa to Arabia around 7th Century BCE.
11 Camel and the Silk & Saharan Trade Camels were vital in both the Trans-Saharan and Silk Road trade routes.The dromedary camel (1hump) was native of the Saharan region and the bactrian camel (2 hump) was native to the Eurasian steppe.The bactrian was more bulky and suitable for extremely cold and dry climates in Iran and Central Asia.
12 Trans-Saharan Traders 1st traders = camel-owning people from desert oasesMajor traders = North African Muslim ArabsWhat did they come to West Africa and sub-Saharan Africa for?GOLD AND SLAVES in the SouthSALT in the NorthSalt MinesGold Mines
14 Caravans As many as 5,000 camels Hundreds of people Travelling at nightLength of journey = about 70 days15-20 miles walked per day
15 Construction of Empires New wealth and resources from trans-Saharan trade allowed some regions to construct large empires or city-statesBetween 500 and 1600 CEMajor empires = Mali, Ghana, and SonghaiTrading LanguageSwahili: mix of Arabic, Indian, and Bantu (African)
16 Ghana CEGhana was called the “land of gold” but it did not have gold. Instead, the trade routes passed through Ghana and the kings of Ghana taxed all entering and exiting the kingdom.The kingdom of Ghana emerged as early as 500 CE. It collapsed in the 11th century.The kings of Ghana used their wealth to build a powerful army and keep the peace within their empire.Muslims, invaded and destroyed Ghana in the 1100s but another West African kingdom rose to power to protect the valuable Salt for Gold Trade.
17 Cities Within the Kingdoms Urban and commercial centersTraders met and exchanged goods thereCenters of manufacturingItems created: beads, iron tools, cotton textiles, etc.Spread of Islam along the Tran-Saharan trade route.Mosque in Timbuktu (in Mali)
18 Checking For Understanding Provide at least 3 similarities and differences between the two trade routes.Why is the assertion made that camels were the biggest advancement to civilization since the wheel?