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ISO 14001 - Registration Common Areas of Nonconformances
Definitions Major Nonconformance One or more numbered requirements of ISO 14001 have not been addressed. One or more numbered requirements of ISO 14001 have not been implemented. Several similar minor nonconformities in documentation and/or implementation, taken together, lead a reasonable auditor to conclude that one or more numbered requirements of ISO 14001 have not been addressed or implemented. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
Definitions Minor Nonconformance A single observed nonconformance to the EMS standard or the Company’s EMS, not considered to be a breakdown in the Company’s EMS. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.2 Environmental Policy Common nonconformances: Failure to make required commitments explicit in policy statement; Failure to include commitment to comply with other requirements to which the organization subscribes; Inadequate communication of policy to members of the organization. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.3.1 Environmental Aspects Common nonconformances: Failure to develop a functional process for: –identifying environmental aspects; –determining which can be controlled; –determining which have or can have significant impacts on the environment. This constitutes a major nonconformance. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.3.2 Legal and Other Requirements Common nonconformances: Nonconformances with this clause are relatively infrequent. The most common relates to failure of the organization’s procedures to maintain currency of reference documents and other sources of information on legal and other requirements. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.3.3 Objectives and Targets Common nonconformances: Inability to show consideration for: –legal and other requirements; –technological options; –financial, operational and business requirements; and –views of interested parties. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.3.4 Environmental Management Program Common nonconformances: Detail on means and time frames for achievement of objectives and targets not specified Programs not being updated as facility operations change ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.4.1 Structure and Responsibility Common nonconformances: Personnel responsible for components of EMS not specified in documentation; Structure and responsibility documentation not kept up to date with personnel changes. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.4.2 Training, Awareness and Competence Common nonconformances: Inadequate identification of training needs; Failure to make personnel aware of significant environmental impacts of their work activities and the potential consequences of departure from procedures; Failure to complete training where a need has been identified; Frequently constitutes a major nonconformance. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.4.3 Communication Common nonconformances: Failure to document decision regarding external communication on EMS and environmental aspects ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.4.4 Environmental Management System Documentation Common nonconformances: Broken links between EMS documentation elements (e.g. references to related documents not provided or inaccurate). ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.4.5 Document Control Common nonconformances: Inadequate identification of EMS documents (“all documents required by this International Standard”); Review and retention periods not specified; Reviews and revisions not kept up to date; Distribution of current versions and retrieval of obsolete versions not maintained in accordance with procedures; Document control procedures not adequately applied to documents predating implementation of EMS. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.4.6 Operational Control Common nonconformances: Operations and activities associated with significant environmental aspects not fully identified; Maintenance processes omitted from operational control; Operational control procedures not fully established (e.g. not documented where required, not followed consistently, etc.); Suppliers and contractors left out of operational control and/or aspect evaluation process, or not adequately covered; ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response Common nonconformances: Procedure not established for identifying potential for accidents and emergency situations; Procedures not reviewed following accidents; Emergency preparedness and response procedures not periodically tested. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement Common nonconformances: Key characteristics of significant environmental impact- related activities not identified, leading to problems with developing measurement and monitoring procedures; Periodicity not set for monitoring and measurement procedures; Processes for tracking environmental performance versus targets and control requirements not adequately defined in monitoring and measurement procedures; ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement Common nonconformances: Monitoring equipment not calibrated and/or records not kept in accordance with ISO 14001; Procedure for periodically evaluating compliance with relevant environmental legislation and regulations not documented in accordance with ISO 14001 section 4.4.5 (e.g. using an existing permit); Procedure for evaluating compliance does not adequately cover evaluation of compliance. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.5.2 Nonconformance and Corrective and Preventive Action Common nonconformances: Nonconformances and corrective action follow-up are not tracked and handled in accordance with the organization’s procedures; Nonconformances and corrective action follow-up are not handled in the time frames specified by the organization; Certain types of nonconformance (e.g. registration & surveillance audit) are not taken into account during procedure development. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.5.3 Records Common nonconformances: Environmental records not adequately identified by the organization, leading to other nonconformances; Retention times for environmental records not established and/or recorded; Records maintenance procedures not followed. ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.5.4 EMS Audit Common nonconformances: EMS audit procedures don’t meet ISO 14001 content requirements (e.g. frequency, methodologies, and responsibilities and requirements for conducting audits and reporting results); EMS audits not conducted in accordance with the organization’s procedure(s) - Major nonconformance; ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
4.6 Management Review Common nonconformances: Management review not conducted - Major nonconformance; Periodicity for management review not set or met; Management review documentation does not reflect consideration of those items specified in section 4.6 (e.g. suitability, adequacy and effectiveness of EMS, possible need for changes to policy, objectives and other elements of the EMS, audit results, etc.). ©1999 NSF International Strategic Registrations, Ltd.
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