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Germany/Deutschland Ch 15 Sec 1. History Germanic tribes Fought Roman Empire 700s AD – Charlemagne – united some GRM kingdoms Later it broke into.

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Presentation on theme: "Germany/Deutschland Ch 15 Sec 1. History Germanic tribes Fought Roman Empire 700s AD – Charlemagne – united some GRM kingdoms Later it broke into."— Presentation transcript:

1 Germany/Deutschland Ch 15 Sec 1

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5 History Germanic tribes Fought Roman Empire 700s AD – Charlemagne – united some GRM kingdoms Later it broke into hundreds of small states Loose confederation = the Holy Roman Empire Hanseatic League 1300s AD –100 northern German towns created a trading group – Hanseatic League Dominated trade in Baltic region 1700s AD – many powers controlled German states Prussia & Habsburg Empire Prussia wanted to unite Germany – 1871 1890-1914 – prospered; great industrial & military power

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7 The World Wars Military too powerful? France, Britain and Russia formed military alliances; The Allies (US later) Helped maintain a balance of power 1914 – BofP became unbalanced = WWI Germany allied with Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria & Ottoman Empire

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10 The World Wars, contd… 1918 – WWI ended Germany in ruins; economy collapsed Food shortages, high inflation, high unemployment Enter Hitler, 1933 – I have the answer to your problems! 1939 – Hitler invaded Poland = WWII 1945 – WWII ended 50 million people dead

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13 Division & Reunification Allied victors divided Germany West Germany under US, Britain and France East Germany under Soviet Union West Germany – Democracy – economy thrived East Germany – Communism – economy lagged behind 1990 – Unified once more

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16 Culture Unified Germany – Democratic government Capital – Berlin 16 states or Länder; Bavaria is the largest Language – German oder Deutsch Classic novels, plays, poetry Composers and artists

17 Es war ein alter Konig Es war ein alter König, Sein Herz war schwer, sein Haar war grau. Der arme, alte König, Er nahm eine junge Frau. Es war ein schöner Page, Blond war sein Haupt, leicht war sein Sinn, Er trug die seidne Schleppe Der jungen Königin. Kennst du das alte Liedchen? Es klingt so süß, es klingt so trüb: Sie mußten beide sterben, Sie hatten sich viel zu lieb! Heinrich Heine

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20 Culture, contd… Religion: 1/3 Roman Catholic (N & W GRM); large # Protestant Many dont attend religious services of any kind

21 Culture, contd… Food: Pork Sausages Veal Cheeses Rich pastries

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24 Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte

25 Culture, contd… Concern over environment Air and water pollution Acid rain Green parties among the government Passed laws to protect natural environment GRMY – strictest environmental laws in the world Germans love to spend their time outdoors

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30 Neuschwanstein Castle

31 Economy Economic powerhouse!! Countrys GDP is 4 th largest in the world Prominent member of the EU Trade is w/other EU members, US and Japan German lang. used for business in Central Eur. Diverse Economy Manufacture Automobiles (VW, BMW…) Electronics Medical equipment Chemicals Steel High-tech computer equipment

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33 Economy, contd… Industrial Power (Ruhr Valley) Coal Iron ore Other minerals Agriculture (almost ½ of GRMYs land) Very efficient, needs few people to work Grains Potatoes Sugar beets

34 Economy, contd… Nuclear Power Provides 1/3 of GRMYs electricity 2001 – gov. gradually closing all nuclear power plants Imports almost all of oil

35 Issues & Challenges Changing Population Low birthrates, longer life expectancies, immigrants Largest immigrant group: Turkey Live in clusters in large cities Work in the industrial sector Islamic religion, lang. & distinct culture isolates them Other immigrants: ethnic Germans from former Soviet Union

36 Issues & Challenges, contd… East side up to Wests standard of living Costs a lot of $$$ High unemployment Lots of pollution = environmental cleanup Easterners: Ossis Westerners: Wessis O resents W for higher standard of living


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