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February 4,20021 Definition of Conflict Conflict is a social process when two or more parties perceive a divergence of interest or incompatible goals or.

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Presentation on theme: "February 4,20021 Definition of Conflict Conflict is a social process when two or more parties perceive a divergence of interest or incompatible goals or."— Presentation transcript:

1 February 4,20021 Definition of Conflict Conflict is a social process when two or more parties perceive a divergence of interest or incompatible goals or values Subjective side: processes of perception, cognition, communication, emotion Behavioral interaction between the parties Multiple levels of analysis (interpersonal, group, intergroup, organizational, international, and global) Ozcelik/Sewall

2 February 4,20022 Conflict: Requires at least two parties (individual, group, organization, states,etc.=Actors) Sources-Economic c.-scarce resources (territory)- real conflict of interest (position and interest) -Value c.-incompatible preferences and principles- perception (needs) -Power c.- each party wants to maximize its influence over the other. Ozcelik/Sewall

3 February 4,20023 Conflict Rothman, Jay, 1997, p.17 Identity-based –Needs and values (frustration over such needs as identity, security& recognition –Intangible (psychology, history, culture, worldview) –Interactive (dialogue about needs) Resource-based –Resources (competition over material and territorial interests) –Tangible (socioeconomic factors, resource scarcity –Transactive (interest- based bargaining) Ozcelik/Sewall

4 February 4,20024 A Conflict Structure involves: Situation: actual or perceived underlying incompatible goals(conflict of interest or relationship) Attitude: parties’ perceptions and misperceptions of each other- include feeling (emotive), belief (cognitive), and will (conative) Behavior: cooperation or coercion. Violent conflict behaviors are threats, coercion, destructive attacks. Conflict is a dynamics process where S, A, and B are constantly changing and influencing each other Ozcelik/Sewall

5 February 4,20025 Interpersonal conflict Destructive or constructive Communication Interdepence Self-esteem Power dynamics Cultural dynamics (high and low-context cultures) Gender identity Religion Emotions Preferences and orientations Ozcelik/Sewall

6 February 4,20026 Types of goals in Conflict Content-what do we want? Relational- who are we to each other? Identity or Face-saving-who am I in this interaction? Process-what communication process will be used? Ozcelik/Sewall

7 February 4,20027 International conflict Interstate c. Intrastate c.- revolution/ideology c.: to change the nature of the state (system- capitalist/socialist, government-dictatorship/democracy, religious- secular/islamic) -identity/secession c:the integrity of the state (the relative status of ethnic groups) -Factional c: the control of the state- the competing interests or power struggles of factions (autonomy, secession, control) Ozcelik/Sewall

8 February 4,20028 Violence Direct violence: children are murdered Structural violence: children die through poverty Cultural violence: whatever blinds us to this or seek to justify it Armed conflict- both parties use of force Violent conflict- physical violence against unarmed civilians Ozcelik/Sewall

9 February 4,20029 C-Series C. Prevention: Crisis management C. Settlement: an agreement in an armed c. To put an end violent stage. C. Management (regulation): limitation, mitigation, containment C. Resolution: deep-rooted sources of conflict are addressed and resolved. C. Transformation: To transform unjust relationships, parties, and situation. Ozcelik/Sewall


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