2 AFRICA : Key ConceptsAfrican trading empires continued to control most parts of E & W Africa before the 1850s.End of trans-Atlantic slave trade by 1867Industrialization & nationalism fed the European desire for more influence in Africa by the 1870sNew Imperialism: Euro countries began exerting political, economic, and cultural control over their African colonies.“Scramble” for Africa: Africa carved up into colonies, except Ethiopia & LiberiaEuro imperialism altered Africans’ political, economic, and cultural way of life.
3 AFRICA 1750-1914: Key Terms Afrikaners Battle of Adowa Berlin ConferenceColonialismIndustrial RevolutionModernizationNationalismNew ImperialismPalm oil“Scramble” for Africa”Sokoto CaliphateSouth African WarSuez CanalTrans-Atlantic slave tradeZulu
4 THE MIDDLE EAST 1750-1914: Key Concepts The Ottoman Empire faced a series of political, economic, and social setbacks in the 19th century that led to a decline in its power.Attempts at modernization (i.e. Tanzimat, Young Ottomans)Reforms did not include women“Sick man of Europe”The Eastern Question: Should the OE continue to exist; if not, who should take over its territory?Young Turks: supported a crackdown on ethnic minorities and closer alignment with Germany on the eve of WWI
5 THE MIDDLE EAST 1750-1914: Key Terms Crimean WarEastern QuestionExtraterritorialityGreek independenceJanissariesNationalism“Sick man of Europe”TanzimatUlamaYoung OttomansYoung Turks
6 ASIA : Key ConceptsEuro colonialism directly and indirectly affected most of Asia during the 19th & early 20th centuries.India (British colony by mid-19th c): large, efficient British bureaucracy saw P, E, & S changesQing dynasty (19th c): threatened by internal economic crisis and rebellion and pressure to open up the nation to Euro colonial powersChinese revolution (1911): unable to unite under a single national govt (regional warlords)Japan became a strong imperial power (modernized & industrialized)By the end of the 19th c, nationalist movements that questioned Euro colonial control began to attract supporters, especially among the educated class.
7 ASIA 1750-1914: Key Terms Aborigines Bannermen British East India Company (EIC)Clipper shipsDurbarsExtraterritorialityIndentured servantsIndian Civil ServiceMaoriMeiji RestorationMost-favored-nation statusNawabOpium WarRajRusso-Japanese WarSepoysSepoy RebellionSino-Japanese WarTreaty of NankingTaiping Rebellion
8 EUROPE : Key ConceptsRevolutionary ideas (Enlightenment): individual liberty, citizen’s right to question govt swept across Europe (Late 18th, early 19th c)French Rev produced a conservative reaction throughout Europe (suppression of radical movements)Industrial Revolution: innovation in tech led to increases in productivityIR and Enlight.: created new ideologies that dealt with problems in industrial societiesGlobal economy increased: trade in raw materials & manufactured goodsRise of nationalism led to birth of new nations and conflicts
9 EUROPE 1750-1914: Key Terms Congress of Vienna Crimean War Declaration of the Rights of ManDivision of laborEnlightenmentEstates GeneralIndustrial RevolutionJacobinsLabor unionsLaissez-faireLiberalismMass productionMechanizationNational AssemblyNationalismPan-SlavismPositivismRevolutions of 1848SlavophileSocialism“separate spheres”Steam engineVictorian Age
10 THE AMERICAS 1750-1914: Key Concepts Enlightenment political ideas: ideological basis of American independence movementsAmerican Rev created the 1st constitutional democracy & influenced rev movements throughout the worldRevs in the Americas created limited political democracies in which only a minority of the pop. ParticipatedLat. Am. Nations gained independence in the 19th c, but the creation of stable, successful govts was difficultN. Am: produced manufactured goodsLat. Am: supplied raw materials for those consumer goodsIndustrialization created new economic and social challenges that led to social reform movements (19th c)U.S. became the dominant economic and politica force in the Americas; began building an empire after Spanish-Am War
11 THE AMERICAS 1750-1914: Key Terms AbolitionistsAmerican RevolutionConfederate States of AmericaCreoleDeclaration of IndependenceEmpire of BrazilEnlightenmentFree-trade imperialismGens de couleur Gran ColombiaHaitian RevolutionIndustrialismMexican-American WarMexican RevolutionMonroe DoctrinePlatt AmendmentSpanish-American WarTrans-Atlantic slave trade
12 Major Comparisons Compare... Causes & early phases of the industrial revolution in w. Europe and JapanRevolutions: American, French, Haitian, Mexican, ChineseReaction to foreign domination in: Ottoman Empire, China, India, JapanNationalism in various countries: Italy, Germany, etcForms of Western intervention in Latin America and AfricaRoles and conditions of women in upper/middle classes w/ peasantry and working class in Western Europe
13 The Big PictureInterconnections of the Industrial Revolution and ImperialismRegional developments and impact on othersHow were regional developments able to have global impact?Why did nationalism grow? How did nationalism impact Europe, Asia, Americas?How and why does change occur? Social, political, economic developments led to changes in the world. How and why did it happen?