Presentation on theme: "The passive voice is used much less frequently in German as in English, but it is used (especially in writing) so it is necessary for German learners to."— Presentation transcript:
The passive voice is used much less frequently in German as in English, but it is used (especially in writing) so it is necessary for German learners to become familiar with its construction and use.
Aktiv / Active Deutsch wird von mir gelernt. Ich lerne Deutsch. Look at the difference between the active and passive voices in German and in English. Passiv / Passive I am learning German. German is being learned by me.
Deutsch wird von mir gelernt. In German the passive voice is formed through the use of the verb werden and with a past participle. In English, it is formed with a form of the verb to be or using is being or was being. Passiv / Passive Conjugation of werden Past Participle In the passive voice, the former object of the sentence., Ich lerne Deutsch becomes the subject of the sentence. Only transitive verbs (verbs that take a direct object) can form the passive voice.
In order to form the passive, you will need to become familiar with the conjugations of the verb werden in the present and past tenses.ichduer/sie/eswirihrSie/sie werde wirst wird werden werdet werden wurde wurdest wurde wurden wurdet wurden Most often used
Sometimes, in the passive voice, certain prepositions are used to indicate the agent doing the action. durch von mit These prepositions are…. used to indicate the means by which the action is done. used to indicate a person or thing Used to indicate the instrument used to perform the action. Der Brief wird von mir geschrieben. Der Brief wird mit dem Kuli geschrieben. Der Brief wird durch die Post geschickt. durch is an accusative case preposition von is a dative case preposition mit is a dative case preposition
Deutsch wird gelernt. Deutsch wurde gelernt. Deutsch ist gelernt worden. Deutsch war gelernt worden. Deutsch wird gelernt werden. Deutsch wird gelernt worden sein. German is being learned. German was being learned. German has been learned. German had been learned. German will be learned. German will have been learned. present Simple past Present perfect Past perfect Future Future perfect