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What is Science? Chapter 1, Lesson 1
Using one or more of your senses and tools to gather information. observing
Creating representations of complex objects or processes. (ex. mathematical equations) making models
Deals with numbers, or amounts. quantitative observation
Way of learning about the natural world. science
Deals with descriptions that cannot be expressed in numbers. qualitative observation
When you explain or interpret the things you observe. inferring
The grouping together of items that are alike in some way. classifying
Making a statement or a claim about what will happen in the future based on past experience or evidence. predicting
Comparing observations and data to reach a conclusion about them. evaluating
Bias that stems from a person’s likes and dislikes. personal bias
The act of making decisions and drawing conclusions based on available evidence. Objective
Having an attitude of doubt. skepticism
Using specific observations to make generalizations. inductive reasoning
The act of making decisions and drawing conclusions where personal feelings have been entered. subjective
Rules that enable people to know right from wrong. ethics
Type of reasoning that can lead to faulty conclusions. faulty reasoning
A way to explain things by starting with a general idea and then applying the idea to a specific observation. deductive reasoning
Bias that stems from the culture in which a person grows up. cultural bias
Scientific attitude used by good scientists when reporting their observations and results. honesty
A mistake in the design of an experiment that makes a particular result more likely. experimental bias
Scientific attitude that makes a scientist capable of accepting new and different ideas. open-mindedness
Scientific attitude that should be balanced by a scientist’s open- mindedness. skepticism
Scientific attitude that helps scientists come up with inventive ways to solve problems. creativity
Diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence they gather. scientific inquiry
Possible answer to a scientific question (not a fact). hypothesis
What is needed before a hypothesis can be accepted as true. many trials
Factor that can change in an experiment. variable
Factor that is purposely changed to test a hypothesis. manipulated variable
Factor that may change in response to a manipulated variable. responding variable
Experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time. controlled experiment
Facts, figures and other evidence gathered through observation. data
Well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations. scientific theory
Statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions. Example – “All objects in the universe attract each other” scientific law
A summary of what is learned from an experiment. conclusion
Tool that can help you interpret data. graph
3 ways scientists communicate their results. publish articles talking at meetings internet
Also known as The Scientific Method
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