Presentation on theme: "ELEMENTARY SCIENCE FAIR Guide for success. Types of Science projects A model, display or collection Shows how something works in the real world, but."— Presentation transcript:
Types of Science projects A model, display or collection Shows how something works in the real world, but doesn’t really test anything An experiment Lots of information is given, but it also has a project that shows the testing being done and the gathering of data
An experiment is a GREAT choice for a Science Fair!
Choose a category that interests you! Life Science – plants, animals, human body, behaviours Physical Science – matter, structure, electricity, magnetism, sound, light Earth and Space Sciences – weather, geology, space, stars, planets
Step 1 – Coming up with a good question Once you have picked a topic that you like and are interested in, it’s time to write a question or identify a problem with that topic. The EFFECT question: What is the effect of _______________ on _______________? The HOW DOES AFFECT question: How does the ______________ affect _________________? The WHICH/WHAT and VERB question: Which/what ____________ (verb) ________________?
Step 2 – Doing the research and forming a hypothesis Becoming an expert in your topic is what real scientists do in real labs. Read about your topic – encyclopedias, magazine articles, books, Internet. Keep track of all the books and articles that you read. Discuss your topic – talk about your topic with your parents, your teachers. Talk with experts – veterinarians, doctors, weathermen, people who work with the things you are studying. Write a hypothesis. PREDICT what you think will happen if you test your problem. What do you think will happen? The HYPOTHESIS not only predicts what will happen in the experiment, but also that the “Scientist” used research to back up the prediction.
Sample worksheet for students: PROBLEM: ________________________________________________________ RESEARCH: My problem is about this subject: __________________________ BOOKS I FOUND IN THE LIBRARY ON MY TOPIC ARE: TITLE: ___________________________ AUTHOR: _________________________ INTERNET SITES I FOUND ON MY TOPIC ARE: ___________________________ PEOPLE I TALKED TO ABOUT MY TOPIC ARE: ____________________________ SOME IMPORTANT POINTS I LEARNED ABOUT MY TOPIC ARE: _______________________ HYPOTHESIS: I think that ________________ (will happen) because (my research shows) _____________________.
Step 3 – Testing your hypothesis by doing an experiment 1. Gather up your materials. 2. Write a procedure. 3. Identify your variables. 4. Test your experiment (3 to 5 times). 5. Collect your data. Keep a science journal. Have the right tools to do the job. Tables, charts and diagrams. Be accurate and neat. Use the right graph for your experiment (pie graph, bar graph, line graph). 6. Write a conclusion. 7. Understand its application.
Sample worksheet for students: Materials: List the materials that you will need for your science experiment here: _________ Variables: List the variables that you will control, the variables you will change and the variables that will be the results of your experiment. My controlled variables are (the stuff that always stays the same): ___________________ My independent variable is (this is the thing that changes from one experiment to the next, it is what you are testing): ________________________________________________ My responding variables will be (in other words, the results of the experiment): ________ Procedure: List the steps you have to do in order to perform the experiment here. Data collection: Design a table or chart to collect your data. Include photos of the experiment. Conclusion: Tell what was learned in this experiment and if you were able to prove your hypothesis. Did it work? Why did it work or why didn’t it work? What did the results tell you? Sometimes not being able to prove a hypothesis is important because you still proved something. What did you prove? Application: (How does this apply to real life?) It is important to know about this experiment because.....
Step 5 - Judging Criteria: 1. Clearly stated title, purpose and reasonable hypothesis. (2 points) 2. In depth report on science topic. (2 points) 3. 3 or more sources cited. (2 points) 4. Thoroughly stated procedures and materials. (2 points) 5. Clearly stated variables and controls. (2 points) 6. Measurable data that includes 3 or more trials, or when testing human subjects, 10 people or more. 7. Effective analysis of data clearly stated results (graphs, charts and tables). (3 points) 8. In-depth knowledge base of topic with use of related vocabulary at grade level. (3 points) 9. Well elaborated conclusion based on results. (3 points) 10. Stated real-life connections. (2 points) 11. Effective closure of presentation. (2 points) TOTAL POSSIBLE POINTS = 25
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