Presentation on theme: "Health Education Ashry Gad Mohamed Professor of Epidemiology College of Medicine, KSU."— Presentation transcript:
Health Education Ashry Gad Mohamed Professor of Epidemiology College of Medicine, KSU
What is health education? Process which affects changes in the health practices of people and in the knowledge and attitude related to such changes. OR Teaching process providing basic knowledge and practice of health, so as to be interpreted into proper health behavior.
Aims of Health education 1.Health promotion and disease prevention. 2.Early diagnosis and management. 3.Utilization of available health services.
Specific objectives of health education 1.To make health an assest valued by the community. 2.To increase knowledge of the factors that affect health. 3.To encourage behavior which promotes and maintains health. 4.To enlist support for public health measures, and when necessary, to press for appropriate governmental action.
5. To encourage appropriate use of health services especially preventive services. 6. To inform the public about medical advances, their uses and their limitations.
Stages for health education Stage of SensitizationStage of Sensitization Stage of PublicityStage of Publicity Stage of EducationStage of Education Stage of Attitude changeStage of Attitude change Stage of Motivation and ActionStage of Motivation and Action Stage of Community Transformation (social change)Stage of Community Transformation (social change)
Adoption of new ideas or practice Five steps 1.Awareness (know) 2.Interests (details) 3.Evaluation (Advantages Vs Disadvantages) 4.Trial (practices) 5.Adoption (habit)
Contents of health education 1.Personal hygiene 2.Proper health habits 3.Nutrition education 4.Personal preventive measures 5.Safety rules 6.Proper use of health services 7.Mental health 8.Sex education 9.Special education (occupation, mothers …..etc)
Principles of Health education 1.Interest. 2.Participation. 3.Proceed from known to unknown. 4.Comprehension. 5.Reinforcement by repetition. 6.Motivation 7.Learning by doing
8. People, facts and media. 9. Good human relations 10. Leaders
Communication Communicator: the person or the team give the message (Educator).Communicator: the person or the team give the message (Educator). Message: the contents (materials) of health educationMessage: the contents (materials) of health education Channel: method of carrying the messageChannel: method of carrying the message Audience: the receivers (users or targets) of the messageAudience: the receivers (users or targets) of the message
Good communication technique Source credibility.Source credibility. Clear message.Clear message. Good channel: individual, group & mass education.Good channel: individual, group & mass education. Receiver: ready, interested, not occupied.Receiver: ready, interested, not occupied. Feed back.Feed back. Observe non-verbal cues.Observe non-verbal cues. Active listing.Active listing. Establishing good relationship.Establishing good relationship.
Educator Personnel of health services.Personnel of health services. Medical students, nursing & social work.Medical students, nursing & social work. School personnel.School personnel. Community leaders & influencials.Community leaders & influencials.Requirements: Personality: popular, influential and interested in work.Personality: popular, influential and interested in work. Efficiency trained and prepared for the job.Efficiency trained and prepared for the job. Must show good examples.Must show good examples.
Message What information to be communicated.What information to be communicated. Simple, at the level of understanding.Simple, at the level of understanding. Culturally accepted.Culturally accepted. Interested.Interested. Meet a felt need.Meet a felt need. Avoid technical jargon.Avoid technical jargon. Use audiovisual aids.Use audiovisual aids.
Practice 1-Individual Face to face Education through spoken word. A- Occasions of health appraisal. B- Home visits Nurses Health visitors Health visitors Social workers Social workers
2-Group a. Lessons and lectures in schools. b.lectures in work places e.g. factories. c.Demonstration and training 3- Mass media. 1.Broadcasting: radio & TV. 2.Written word: newspapers, posters, booklets. 3.Others e,g, theaters.
Communication Barriers Social and cultural gap between the sender and the receiverSocial and cultural gap between the sender and the receiver Limited receptiveness of receiverLimited receptiveness of receiver Negative attitude of the senderNegative attitude of the sender Limited understanding and memoryLimited understanding and memory Insufficient emphasis by the sender (health professional)Insufficient emphasis by the sender (health professional) Contradictory messagesContradictory messages Health education without identifying the “needs "of the communityHealth education without identifying the “needs "of the community
Major Variables in Behavior Change Thoughts and ideas inside a person’s mind have significant influence on an individual’s health behaviors. These variables interact with social and environmental factors and it is the synergy among all these influences that operate on behavior. Knowledge: An intellectual acquaintance with facts, truth, or principles gained by sight, experience, or report.Knowledge: An intellectual acquaintance with facts, truth, or principles gained by sight, experience, or report.
Skills : The ability to do something well, arising from talent, training, or practice.Skills : The ability to do something well, arising from talent, training, or practice. Belief : Acceptance of or confidence in an alleged fact or body of facts as true or right without positive knowledge or proof; a perceived truth.Belief : Acceptance of or confidence in an alleged fact or body of facts as true or right without positive knowledge or proof; a perceived truth. Attitude: Manner, disposition, feeling, or position toward a person or thing.Attitude: Manner, disposition, feeling, or position toward a person or thing.
Values: Ideas, ideals, customs that arouse an emotional response for or against them.Values: Ideas, ideals, customs that arouse an emotional response for or against them.