Presentation on theme: "Example: a fire station burns down Definition: a contrast between what is expected and what actually happens Situational: something happens that we wouldn’t."— Presentation transcript:
Example: a fire station burns down Definition: a contrast between what is expected and what actually happens Situational: something happens that we wouldn’t expect to happen Dramatic: the reader knows something the characters do not Verbal – what is said is different than what is meant
Verbal Irony Also called sarcasm or being sarcastic. Examples The locker room smells really good. Awesome! Another homework packet! A fireman afraid of fire A dentist with crooked teeth and a mouth full of cavities You have a six-foot tall friend who you call “Shorty”
Dramatic Irony When the reader understands more about the events of a story than a character. You know something that a character doesn’t. Example Tim’s parents are proud of the “A” he got on the test, but we know he cheated. Alex writes a love poem to Judy but we know that Judy loves Devin.
When the audience saw the movie, Titanic, they knew from history that the ship would sink. When the characters said lifeboats were not needed for an “unsinkable ship,” the audience recognized the irony, but the characters did not.
Situational Irony Something about the situation is completely unexpected. Example You wash your car and it rains
Review Something that is ironic is unexpected. If unexpected by a character, it’s dramatic. If unexpected by everyone, it’s situational. If it’s sarcasm, it’s verbal.
Review Which of the following is ironic? A. Although Ana was afraid of dogs, the friendly puppy kept jumping on her. B. After a hard day at work, Sam collapsed on the couch and fell asleep. C. Rusty eagerly reached for the package, unaware that it contained live rattlesnakes. D. The one time Fiona arrived at school on schedule, it turned out to be a Saturday
Review Which of the following is an example of situational irony? A. Carrie didn’t know that the burglar was hiding in the hall closet. B. The criminal thanked the judge for sending him on a three-month, all- expenses paid vacation to the county jail C. Jasmine’s strawberry ice cream cone dripped on her new clothes. D. In all the confusion, Stoney slipped on the banana peel that was meant for Taffy.
Review Which of the following is ironic? A. Before my best friend moved away, she gave me a bookmark with my name on it. B. Children are likely to live up to what you believe of them. C. If your absence doesn’t make any difference, your presence won’t either. D. The leaf works much like a factory.
Review Which of the following is an example of dramatic irony? A. Teddy bears sat on every shelf in Lydia’s room. B. The toddler, thinking he had found a grape, got a rude surprise when he put that which we saw clearly was an olive in his mouth. C. An old woman answered the doorbell and received a bouquet of flowers. D. It seemed as if a year had passed before Ryan answered the phone.
Review Sarcasm is an example of: A. Verbal irony B. Dramatic irony C. Situational irony D. All of the above