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Der Genitiv-Genitive Case genitive case is used in German to express either: possession, ownership, belonging to or with: -Hier ist das Auto meines Vaters.

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Presentation on theme: "Der Genitiv-Genitive Case genitive case is used in German to express either: possession, ownership, belonging to or with: -Hier ist das Auto meines Vaters."— Presentation transcript:

1 Der Genitiv-Genitive Case genitive case is used in German to express either: possession, ownership, belonging to or with: -Hier ist das Auto meines Vaters. Here is my fathers car. -Hast du die Freunde meiner Schwester gesehen? Did you see my sisters friends? of in English, when referring to a part or component of something else: -Am Anfang des Kurses haben wir viel gelernt. We learned a lot at the beginning of the course. -Manche Seiten des Buches fehlen.Some pages of the book are missing. Genitiv prepositions:anstatt (statt) -- instead of, außerhalb -- outside of, innerhalb -- inside of, within, trotz -- in spite of, während -- during, in the course of, wegen -- because of:

2 NomAkkDatGen Masderdendem Femdie der Neutraldas dem PLdie den + n des der des der German adds an ending to the mas/ neutral noun (person/place/ thing) in the genitive case. Add -es for single-syllable -s for 2 or more syllablesThere is no ending for the fem or the pl! What is a syllable: Clap your hands to figure out the syllables. Mann is short and you should be able to clap your hands once. Try it now Your ending will be des Mannes Sommer is long and you should be able to clap your hands 2 times. Try it now Your ending will be des Sommers masc neut fem pl des Mannes des Buches der Frau der Blumen meines Mannes meines Buches meiner Frau meiner Blumen Wer-who (nom) Wen-whom (akk) Wem-whom (dat) Wessen-whose (gen) Wessen Auto ist das? Whose car is that?

3 Word of warning: Your impulse may be to simply put an -s before a noun to indicate the possessive, as we do in English (my fathers car). However, saying mein Vaters Wagen is not only incorrect in German, it is incomprehensible and makes no sense at all. You must rephrase: der Wagen meines Vaters. Think of it as saying the car of my father. With personal names, you just add an -s to the persons name to indicate possessive (Just like English without the apostrophe). If the name ends in a –s then add a - after it like in English. But when referring to any other noun rather than a proper name, the genitive formation must be used: Erins Freund heißt Thomas.Der Freund meiner Schwester heißt Thomas. The friend of my sister is called Thomas. Hans Mutter ist nett.Die Mutter meines Freundes ist nett. The mother of my friend is nice. Colorados Hauptstadt ist Denver.Die Hauptstadt dieses Bundeslands ist Denver. The capital of this state is Denver. Alternate method: We are not focusing on this, but it is important to know The genitive case has been disappearing in German, but its not dead yet. You wont hear it in informal situations -- its reserved for formal writing or elevated styles of speech. Instead of the genitive to indicate possession, you will often hear the dative used with the preposition von: das Haus meines Freundes = das Haus von meinem Freund der Onkel meiner Mutter = der Onkel von meiner Mutter die Namen der Kinder = die Namen von den Kindern


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