Presentation on theme: "The Stasi Schild und Schirm der Partei. The Stasi in Numbers Nazi Germany : 1 Gestapo agent for every 2000 people GDR : 1 Stasi agent for every 63 people."— Presentation transcript:
The Stasi in Numbers Nazi Germany : 1 Gestapo agent for every 2000 people GDR : 1 Stasi agent for every 63 people In 1989 : 91 000 Full-time employees 173 000 Unofficial Informants (Inoffizielle Mitarbeiter)
Reasons for Growth The Stasi incentivised people to collaborate through many ways Personal Gain : Financial, Professional, Family, Friends… Communist Ideologies, Fight against Western influence Culture of denunciation from Nazi Germany But mostly : Blackmailing and coercion
Methods of the Stasi Constant Surveillance Interception of all Mail and Communication Isolation, Sleep- deprivation, torture Zersetzung (corrosion)
Infiltration in the FRG Stasi infiltration in the West was an overwhelming success : MAD (Militarische Abschirmdienst) Gehlen Organisation Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz Since the late 1960s the HVA (Hauptverwaltung Aufklärung) could monitor and thwart all relevant West German intelligence efforts on GDR territory.
Stasi and SED Sword and Shield of the Party Physical and psychological torture to make population malleable Bribing CDU parliamentarians Infiltration of governmental instiutions Assuring dominance of SED
West German Security Services and the Constitution Three different institutions : Gehlen Organisation (Sovereign in 1956, later to become BND) Gehlen Organisation (Sovereign in 1956, later to become BND) Militarische Abschirmdienst (MAD) Militarische Abschirmdienst (MAD) Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV) Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV) Legacy of WWII and Gestapo Separation of Police and Intelligence Services Miscommunication with other Western Intelligence Services Lack of Information
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