Presentation on theme: "Latitude and Longitude:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Latitude and Longitude: Finding Locations onPlanet Earth.
2 TP: How can we use grid systems to find location on the earth. Anchor:Use the grid to find and give the locations of the points.
3 Absolute vs. Relative Location Relative location: The location of an object or place in relation to another object or place.The school is near Union Sq. ParkThe school is near 14 stAbsolute location: The school is located at 40 irving pl. , NY NYOr the school is located on irving place between East 16th and 17th street.
4 What is a grid system?A grid system allows us to use two points to find one point of reference.We need this system on our planet so we can find the exact location of somethingHave you ever seen this and wondered what they really mean?12 12” 21’ W ’ N
5 Latitude lines run east/west but they measure north or south of the equator (0°) splitting the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere.
6 LatitudeLines of latitude are numbered from 0° at the equator to 90° N at the North Pole.TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)Lines of latitude are numbered from 0° at the equator to 90° S at the South Pole.
7 45° N is the 45° line of latitude north of the equator. Latitude The North Pole is at 90° N The equator is at 0° latitude. It is neither north nor south. It is at the center between north and south The South Pole is at 90° S45° N is the 45° line of latitude north of the equator.45° S is the 45° line of latitude south of the equator.TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
8 Longitude0°NNorth PoleWEWest LongitudeEast LongitudePRIME MERIDIANSLines of longitude are numbered east from the Prime Meridian and west from the Prime Meridian.TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
9 Prime Meridian The Prime Meridian (0°) splits the earth into the Western Hemisphere and Eastern Hemisphere.Prime MeridianWestern HemisphereEastern HemispherePlaces located east of the ___________________ _____________________________________________ _______________________________________TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
10 Any location north of the equator is a NORTH LATITUDE
11 Any location south of the equator is a SOUTH LATITUDE
12 Any location west of the prime meridian is a WEST LONGITUDE
13 Any location east of the prime meridian is an EAST LONGITUDE
14 By combining latitude and longitude, any location can be pinpointed
15 What are the coordinates of location......A 60°N, 30°W75°S, 75°E15°S, 105°WEach box on this map is 15°. With that in mind how can we identify specific locations(red dots)? Remember, write latitude first!What are the coordinates of location......AWhat are the coordinates of location......BWhat are the coordinates of location......CBut what about location D ? It’s in the middle of a box. What do we do now?
16 Here are some things to remember: > Latitude is written first and must always include N (north) or S (south) of the equator.> Longitude is written next and must always include E (east) or W (west) of the prime meridian.
17 Google Maps Additional things to check out Where are longitude and latitude maps on you reference tables and how can we use them.
18 See If You Can Tell In Which Hemispheres These Lon/Lats Are Located 1. 41°N, 21°E2. 37°N, 76°W3. 72°S, 141°W4. 7°S, 23°W5. 15°N, 29°E6. 34°S, 151°EABDC
20 Sweating the detailsEach degree can be broken down in to minutes and seconds. Each degree has 60 minutesThe minutes move by 15’s (15,30,45) The minutes increase in the direction in which the major degree of longitude or latitude is increasing.