Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 11 Section 2 The Mongol Empire.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11 Section 2 The Mongol Empire."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 11 Section 2 The Mongol Empire

2 Key Terms Khan Genghis Khan Pax Mongolia Kublai Kahn Marco Polo

3 Nomads and the Asia Steppe
Two Eurasia steppes Land trade route connector Home to nomadic people Plunder Loot Conquer their neighbors

4 Geography of the Steppe
Western steppe central Asia Home to the Hittites Eastern steppe Home to Huns, Turks and Mongols Very little rain Temps from -57 to 96 Climate milder in west

5 The Nomadic Way of Life Pastoralists-herded domestic animals
Searching for food Followed seasonal patterns Battles arose over water rights Asian nomads lived on horsback

6 The Nomadic Way of Life Depended on animals for
Food Clothing Housing Diet was meat and maer’s milk Clothing of skins and wool Lived in tents called yurts

7 Nomadic Way of Life Clans- kinship groups that traveled together
Descended from a common ancestor Khan- chief or leader of a clan

8 Steppes, Nomads and Settled Societies
Peaceful trade Exchanged horses for grain, metal and cloth Prided themselves on toughness Took what they wanted from towns people Nomadic people eventually become part of who they conquer

9 The Rise of the Mongols Roamed the eastern steppe
Temujin unites the Mongols 1206 accepts name Genghis Khan- universal ruler 21 years led the Mongols to conquer much of Asia

10 The Rise of Mongols Muslims murder traders and Ambassadors of Khan.
Launches campaign of terror across Central Asia Destroy one city after another 1225 Central Asia under Mongol control

11 Genghis the Conquer Brilliant organizer Gifted strategists
Armies of 10,000 1,000 man brigades 100 man companies 10 man squads Gifted strategists Tricks to confuse the enemy Small group draw in opposing army

12 Genghis the Conqueror Cruelty as a weapon Terrifying into surrender
Don’t open gates, kill whole population Most towns surrender “In most countries that have not yet been overrun by them, everyone spends the night afraid they may appear there too”

13 The Mongol Empire Genghis Khan died 1227
Successors conquered from China to Poland Largest unified empire in history

14 The Khanates Sons and grandsons continued conquests
Leveled Kiev, China, Korea, close to Venice 1250 halted westward expansion

15 The Khanates 1260 divided into four regions or khanates
Khanate of the great Khan (China, Mongolia) Khanate of Chagatai Ikhanate (Persia) Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia)

16 The Mongols as Rulers Populations of some cities were wiped out
Destroyed ancient irrigation systems Tolerant in peace Adopted some of existing cultures Some became Muslims Led to further splits

17 The Mongol Peace Pax Mongolica-1200- 1300’s stability and law
Safe passage of trade caravans, travelers and missionaries Trade between Europe and Asia increased Bubonic plague possibly came from the Mongols

18 Kublai Khan Rules China
Tried to gain loyalty of Chinese subjects Did not force Chinese to adopt Mongol life Moved capitol from Mongolia to Beijing Adopted Chinese ceremonies

19 Kublai Kahn Rules China
Mongols lived apart from the Chinese Friendships were discouraged Intermarriage was forbidden Chines not allowed to have weapons or serve in the military Different laws for Mongols and Chinese

20 Kublai Kahn Rules China
Distrusted Chinese and limited their power Chinese officials serveda t the local level Invited foreigners to hold government offices Burdened Chinese with heavy taxes and laborers

21 Foreign Trade Built enormous ships to improve trade
Welcomed foreign merchants Offered traders special privileges Merchants ands missionaries came to China

22 Marco Polo Italain trader from Venice Kublia Kahn liked him
Sent Polo on missions for 17 years Polo captured back in Italy Told prisoners of his adventures

23 Marco Polo Described grand palaces Walls covered in giold and silver
Chinese postal system Use of paper money Size and splendor of China

24 End of Yuan Dynasty Kublai Kahn had invaded Southeast Asia
Suffered huge losses 900 Mongol ships attacked Japan Most ships destroyed in a storm Tried again with a larger fleet

25 End of the Yuan Dynasty Kamikaze- divine wind
Destroyed the fleet both times Ecomony weak because of too much spending After Khan’s death power struggle ensued

Download ppt "Chapter 11 Section 2 The Mongol Empire."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google