Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

International Standard Classification on Education (ISCED): Expert Group meeting on International economic and social classifications, UNSD Rosario Garcia.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "International Standard Classification on Education (ISCED): Expert Group meeting on International economic and social classifications, UNSD Rosario Garcia."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Standard Classification on Education (ISCED): Expert Group meeting on International economic and social classifications, UNSD Rosario Garcia Calderon 4 September,2009

2 Presentation outline n What is ISCED? What for? n Issues leading to the review n Review strategy (2007 – 2011) n Progress until now n UIS welcomes your comments on any of the above

3 Different countries, different education systems Primary education 6 years 4 years 9 years Basic education Primary Lower secondary 5 years

4

5 ISCED

6 Use of ISCED National Structure ISCED Internationally comparable structure International comparisons of data Utilisation of national data

7 ISCED

8 What is ISCED? – a Summary n Framework created to facilitate comparisons of education indicators across countries n Instrument for assembling, compiling and presenting statistics of education nationally and internationally n Unit of analysis is the educational programme n Has 7 levels (preprimary to tertiary education) n Classification criteria per level and complementary dimensions n Fields of education (9 broad fields; 25 detailed – two-digit level)

9 How is ISCED constructed? n The 9 broad fields of study are: 0 = General Programmes 1 = Education 2 = Humanities and Arts 3 = Social sciences, business and law 4 = Science 5 = Engineering, manufacturing and construction 6 = Agriculture 7 = Health and welfare 8 = Services

10 What do we classify in ISCED? n Educational programme consists of: curriculum content pre-determined objective n Usually by using proxy criteria

11 Classifying an educational programme n Main and Subsidiary criteria (proxy criteria): Entrance age Duration of the programme Teaching staff qualifications Entry requirements

12 ISCED

13 How to define the level of a programme (table 1 of ISCED document)

14

15 Structure of ISCED The 7 LEVELS of education are: ISCED 0 = Pre-primary ISCED 1 = Primary ISCED 2 = Lower secondary ISCED 3 = Upper secondary ISCED 4 = Post-secondary non-tertiary ISCED 5 = First stage of tertiary education (not leading directly to an advanced research qualification) ISCED 6 = Second stage of tertiary education (leading to an advanced research qualification)

16 Structure of ISCED The 7 LEVELS of education are: ISCED 0 = Pre-primary ISCED 1 = Primary ISCED 2 = Lower secondary ISCED 3 = Upper secondary ISCED 4 = Post-secondary non-tertiary ISCED 5 = First stage of tertiary education (not leading directly to an advanced research qualification) ISCED 6 = Second stage of tertiary education (leading to an advanced research qualification) General, Tech/Voc ABCABC Destination Orientation

17 Transition Pattern – in theory 1 st D 2 nd D R 1 st Q 2 nd Q

18 Transition Pattern – in reality 1 st D 2 nd D R 1 st Q 2 nd Q

19 ISCED

20 Key features of ISCED 0 Designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment It is school- or centre-based Programmes are designed for children aged 3 and over It ends at the normal age for entry at primary Staff may have teaching qualifications

21 ISCED 0 n Boundary between education and child care UIS collects data on the Education part of Early Childhood Care and Education n School- or Centre-based Not households or family settings n Age range Typically 3-6 years old Cannot be ISCED 0 if serving children aged two years or less

22 Key features of ISCED 1 Normally designed on a unit or project basis to give students a sound basic education in reading, writing and maths Main critieria: marks the start of systematic studies in reading, writing and maths Begins usually between ages 5 and 7 Lasts typically 6 years BUT where basic education exists and it is in two parts, the first part is ISCED 1 Begins often at the start of compulsory education

23 Key features of ISCED 2 Designed to complete the provision of basic education … and to lay the foundation for lifelong learning. Usually more subject-oriented teaching Taught by better qualified or specialised teachers Begins after approx 6 years of ISCED 1 Ends after approx 9 years of education since the start of ISCED 1 End may coincide with the end of compulsory education

24 Key features of ISCED 2A, B and C n ISCED 2A = programmes on a direct pathway to ISCED 6 (ie education designed for typical children or young people) n ISCED 2B = programmes designed to lead to ISCED 3C (occur very rarely) n ISCED 2C = programmes designed to lead to the labour market (typically pre-vocational programmes designed for less able students to give some orientation towards the world of work)

25 Key features of ISCED 3 Involves more specialisation than at ISCED 2 (both on the part of the student and of the teacher) Entrance requirements are typically successful completion of ISCED 2 Usually begins approx 9 years after the start of ISCED 1 Typical entrance ages are 15 or 16

26 Key features of ISCED 3A, B and C n ISCED 3A = programmes designed to lead to ISCED 5a programmes (often first university degree programmes) n ISCED 3B = programmes designed to lead to ISCED 5B programmes n ISCED 3C = all other upper secondary programmes. These programmes do not give direct access to ISCED 5.

27 Key features of ISCED 4 Programmes that straddle the boundary between upper-secondary and post-secondary education Curricula are often not significantly more advanced than programmes at ISCED 3 Students are typically older than ISCED 3 students Duration is typically 6 months to 2 years Entrance requirements are usually completion of ISCED 3 Typical programmes are: preparation for university entrance; second programmes; short vocational programmes

28 Key features of ISCED 4A and B n ISCED 4A = programmes designed to lead to ISCED 5 (either 5A or 5B) n ISCED 4B = programmes designed to lead to the labour market (typically more vocational programmes)

29 Key features of ISCED 5 Programmes are clearly more advanced than ISCED 3 programmes Entry requirements are successful completion of ISCED 3A or 3B or 4A programmes (but NOT ISCED 3C) Duration is at least 2 years for first programmes at this level Covers all tertiary education except the most advanced research degrees (such as Doctorates, PhDs etc)

30 Distinction of 5A and 5B n Programmes are designed to lead to ISCED 6. Then it is a ISCED 5A programme. Labour market. Then it is a ISCED 5B prog. n Focus more on occupationally-specific skills 5B Largely theoretically based 5A n Duration of programme 5B typically shorter duration than 5A

31 Key features of ISCED 5A n Programmes which are on a direct pathway to ISCED 6 n Largely theoretically based n First programmes have a minimum duration of 3 years n First programmes are typically first university degress (regardless of subject matter)

32 Key features of ISCED 5A n Second programmes are any programmes (regardless of subject or duration – except VERY short) which require succesful completion of an ISCED 5A first programme are not at the advanced research degree level

33 Key features of ISCED 5B n Programmes content is clearly more advanced than ISCED 3 programmes But are not on a direct pathway to ISCED 6 Duration is typically shorter than ISCED 5A Focus more on occupationally-specific skills and less theoretical content Designed to lead to the labour market

34 Key features of ISCED 6 Programmes which lead to the award of an advanced research degree or qualification Requires the submission of a thesis or dissertation of PUBLISHABLE quality which is the product of ORIGINAL RESEARCH and represents a SIGNIFICANT contribution to knowledge Prepares graduates for faculty posts in institutions offering ISCED 5A programmes

35 Classification issues Results from a classification exercise in April during a UIS training for regional staff: 1. We found it very difficult to distinguish between the academic and the professional streams in the national higher education programmes (ISCED 5A and 5B categories – tertiary education) 2. How to apply destination categories (A, B,C) in the same level; cross-over with orientation unclear as they seem to be the same 3. Main problem related to ISCED 4 or 5B (programmes of duration: 2 years; minimum entrance requirement is an ISCED 3 programme)

36 ISCED review n 2007 UNESCO GC approved a review for 2011 To reflect changes in the education systems since the last revision in 1997 n Address issues identified through: UIS regional meetings Joint work with OECD and Eurostat n Conceptual and Implemenation Issues

37 ISCED review: implementation issues Common problems faced by countries in mapping their system into international standard. Some examples: Classifying institutions instead of programmes Classifying based on the name of the programmes, not the content

38 ISCED review: conceptual issues Range of conceptual issues, further clarification of existing definitions Some examples: Differentiating ISCED 4 and 5B programmes Current definition of ISCED 4 is vague Changes in structure of education systems, for example: Restructuring of early childhood education programmes or Higher education

39 ISCED Review strategy: 4 main activities n Determine the scope of the review Technical Advisory Panel (TAP) n Conduct regional and expert consultations for the production of draft recommendations n Formal consultation with Member States and adopt recommendations at General Conference in 2011 n Communicate results

40 Outputs and timelines 2008 n A document summarizing all issues was produced 2009 n TAP meeting in Montreal and Paris n Interim progress report to be presented at the UNESCO GC n Regional technical meetings on ISCED n Compile draft recommendations

41 Outputs and timelines 2010 n Formal world-wide consultation among Member States and partner organizations n Production of final recommendations n Validation of the final recommendations by ISCED Technical Advisory Panel 2011 n Submit for approval to UNESCO General Conference n Communication of recommendations to Member States

42 Where are we thus far? Proposals to solve the issues are under discussion and regional meetings will be under-way soon but before we go into details… Coffee break

43 ISCED Review: progress thus far (1) n Technical Advisory Panel has met twice: January and July 2009 January results: endorsed review strategy – focus on solving conceptual issues Identified core areas of work July results: Discussion of proposals on core areas Prioritization of topics for 2011

44 ISCED Review: progress thus far (2) n Regional ISCED meetings Asia: October – Bangkok Europe – OECD: October – Berlin Africa: November – Nairobi Arab States: February 2010 LAC: February- March 2010 n Objectives Integrate regional views on proposals Identify emerging classification issues, if any n Participants profile Experts on core areas and familiarity with ISCED

45 ISCED Review: proposals main points (1) n ISCED 0 and ECCE Operationalize the educational properties of a programme n Redefinition of ISCED Delineate borders clearly Distinguish between BA and MA Key criteria: programme duration and position in the national structure Label: Post-secondary or tertiary education? How to include the notion of vocational in tertiary education

46 ISCED Review: proposals main points (2) n ISCED 2 -3 Structure depends on results of higher levels (new ISCED 4, 5, 6) Orientation and destination dimensions will be simplified n Educational Attainment Review of the definition Better comparability internationally n TVET and NFE Review definitions for 2011 Further work planned for after 2011 (better coverage of TVET and classification of NFE)

47 UIS welcomes your comments n ISCED current structure (pre-primary to tertiary education – 7 levels) n Review classification issues Overlapping criteria Better programme distinction at higher levels Operationalization of current criteria (e.g. educational properties in ISCED 0) n ISCED review activities

48

49 Useful Links UIS website: – education - ISCEDwww.uis.unesco.org ISCED Mappings: Contact:

50 Thank you!


Download ppt "International Standard Classification on Education (ISCED): Expert Group meeting on International economic and social classifications, UNSD Rosario Garcia."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google