Presentation on theme: "Ch. 7 Multicultural Education"— Presentation transcript:
1Ch. 7 Multicultural Education “The education of our young people must begin where they are, using their knowledge, experiences, cultures and languages as the basis for their learning.”Sonia Nieto
2What is Multicultural Education? Multicultural education is many different things:A field of study (its an entire area of specialization within various fields such as education, counseling psychology and public health).A way to reform schoolsAn umbrella term for many different curriculum models that try to incorporate culture or diversity into the curriculum.A factor at all levels of education (Individuals and institutions serving children from prekindergarten through graduate school are involved in multicultural education).
3What is Multicultural Education? An affirmation of pluralismMulticultural education challenges and rejects racism and other forms of discrimination in schools and society and accepts and affirms the pluralism (ethnic, racial, linguistic, religious, economic, and gender among others) that students, their communities and teachers represent.Multicultural education furthers the democratic principles of social justice.An extension of DemocracyMulticulturalism consists of the values and beliefs inherent in a democracy: the promotion of human rights and privileges, the sharing of power, and equal participation in all social contexts.A comprehensive approach to school reformMultiethnic education as a reform movement designed to make major changes in the education of children and youths.Multiethnic education is concerned with changing the total school environment so that students from all ethnic groups will experience equal environments in order to implement multiethnic education.Minimize and heal damage to children’s sense that results from racismMinimize the development of prejudice and increase children’s ability to function cross-culturally
4Early Childhood Multicultural Education Multicultural education grew out of the civil rights movement, but until the 1980s that early childhood educators began to examine what multicultural education meant for the field.In early childhood setting, multicultural education begins by knowing, respecting and setting high expectations for each child in your classroom.It involves working with parents and adapting caregiving practices to complement the style and form caregiving used within the child’s family.It includes teaching children about their own cultureIt involves incorporating children’s home languages into the daily life of the classroomIt means exposing children to other cultures and helping them be comfortable with and respect all the ways people differ from each otherIt is teaching children how to relate to one another and how to play fair.It encourages children to notice and think about unfairness and challenges them to do something about the unfairness toward people in their world. It encourages children to ACT, THINK, and TALK like members of their own culture.Helping children to like themselves just the way they are.
5Why is Multicultural Education Important? Encourages a true sense of selfThe right to feel proud of themselves, to learn to be courageous, and to not feel like victimsPromotes healthy developmentAcquire self-concept, build self-esteem, learn to make friends, become aware of family and community, ;earn to use words to express themselvesPrepares children for the futurePreparing children to live both in today’s very diverse country and global marketplace.Prevents isolationExcluding multicultural education from the early childhood curriculum is to risk isolating children from the rest of the worldDiscourages denial and fear of differencesNot providing multicultural education encourages deial and teaches children a narrow view of the world.
6Types of Multicultural Education Human relations-This approach focuses on teaching children how to make and maintain good relationships with children of different ethnic groups. This approach also denies racial and cultural differences.Goal: self-awareness, positive self-esteem, communication skills and social skillsThemes: I’m me and I’m special; let’s be friends; alike and different and living with othersSingle group studies-this approach is based on the belief that knowing oneself is the beginning of understanding and accepting others. Popular at college level.Goal: global awareness, appreciate other cultures, and learn about other culturesSample Units: Japan, Mexico, African American Week, it’s a small worldMulticultural education-It advocates that America is a tossed salad and the strength of our society comes from diversity.Goal: Recognize and respect human similarities and differences and develop skills for living in a diverse societyUnits: alike and different; clothes; foods; and families
7Types of Multicultural Education Anti-bias education-focuses on changing inequality and the sources of stereotypes. It prepares people to change the social structures that perpetuate injustice.Goals: Foster self-identity; foster comfortable, empathetic interaction with diverse people; foster critical thinking about bias; stand up for oneself and others in the face of bias.Themes: racial differences and racial biases; gender differences and gender biases; social class differences and class biases; disabilities and bias against people with disabilities; age differences and age biases; and sexual orientation and bias against gays and lesbians.Culturally specific education-designed to meet the developmental and educational needs of children from a specific cultural groupGoal: Inspire student achievement; increase children’s cultural identity; maintain the community’s cultural integrity; provide children with cultural role modelsCurriculum components: incorporate cultural values and beliefs into the daily life of the school; incorporate culturally based learning styles into teaching methods.