Presentation on theme: "Relationship between time, displacement, velocity, acceleration. Kinematic."— Presentation transcript:
Relationship between time, displacement, velocity, acceleration. Kinematic
Relationships between the variables (s, d, t) This is the scalar relationship between speed, distance, and time. s = speed d = distance t = time speed = distance / time s = d / t
A car traveled 300 miles in 10 hours, determine the speed of the car.
distance = 300 miles time = 10 hours s = distance / time = 300 miles / 10 hours = 30 miles / hr.
Relationships between the variables (v, d, t) This is the vector relationship between velocity, displacement, and time. v = velocity d = displacement t = time velocity = displacement / time
A car traveled 300 miles north in 10 hours, determine the velocity of the car. displacement = 300 miles time = 10 hours Velocity = displacement / time = 300 miles / 10 hours = 30 miles / hr. north
Variations on the same equation speed = distance / time distance = speed time time = distance / speed velocity = displacement / time displacement = velocity time time = displacement / velocity
units Units of speed m/sft/s km/hr(kph)miles/hr (mph) Units of velocity m/s northft/s south km/hr westmiles/hr east
How units are related speed = distance / time distance - meters time - seconds speed = meters / seconds
How units are related distance = speed time speed - meters / seconds time - seconds distance = meters / seconds seconds = meters
How units are related time = distance / speed distance = meters speed = meters / seconds time = meters / (meters / seconds) = seconds
Position and average velocity Another way to calculate for velocity is to use an object’s position with respect to time. When the object is at point A, its position is 2 meters after 3 seconds and point B is 5 meters after 8 seconds. Displacement (m) Time (s) A B rise run (3, 2) (8, 5)
Position and velocity Think of slope where we have
Velocity and average acceleration Velocity (m/s) time (s) A B rise run (3, 2) (8, 5) When the object is at point A, its velocity is 2 m/s after 3 seconds and point B is 5 m/s after 8 seconds.
Velocity and acceleration Think of slope where we have
Practice problems 1. A person was running south at a rate of 3 m/s. This person has been running for 3 minutes. How far has this person traveled in the 3 minutes?
2. During the first 10 seconds, a car traveled a distance of 800 meters. What is the average speed of the car?
3. If the cheetah has been running at a speed of 30 m/s for 8 seconds, how far has the cheetah traveled in this span of time?
4. A car slows from a velocity of 40 m/s to 25 m/s in 8 seconds. What is the average acceleration of the car?
5. If the average acceleration of an object is 3 m/s 2 over a span of time of 2 seconds, what is the change in velocity over the 2 seconds?