Presentation on theme: "Complementary distribution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Complementary distribution An Animated and Narrated Glossary of Terms used in LinguisticspresentsComplementary distribution
2 DefinitionTwo forms A and B are in complementary distribution if they never occur in the same environment.E.g.SunStarsWhen can they be seen?Only at daytimeOnly at nightPicture Credits:
3 Basic Idea The distribution of the two forms do not overlap. Example DistributionsSpiderman When there is danger and crimePeter Parker Elsewhere
4 Complementarity and Identity If an entity X has multiple manifestations, then all manifestations of X would be in complementary distribution.Thus, when two forms are in complementary distribution,One suspects that underlyingly they are really the same thing with different manifestationsBut this is not necessarily so.
5 Example from English *[pet] “map” [mæp] “spin” [spin] *[mæph] “pet” [phet]“map” [mæp]“spin” [spin]“rapid” [’ræpid]“rapidity” [rə’phiditi][ph] occurs as the onset of a stressed syllable.[p] occurs elsewhere.In English, [ph] and [p] are in complementary distribution.*[pet]*[mæph]*[sphin]*[’ræphid]*[’rəpiditi]In phonology for example, the term is used to describe the relationship between two phones
6 Example from German Why der and den are in complementary distribution? Der only occurs in the subject position whereasDen only occurs in the object position.derden“the”[+ masculine]Der Tisch ist gut.“The table is good.”Ich mag den Tisch.“I like the table.”*Den Tisch ist gut.*Ich mag der Tisch.
7 Wee, Lian-Hee and Winnie H.Y. Cheung (2009) The EndWee, Lian-Hee and Winnie H.Y. Cheung (2009)An animated and narrated glossary of terms used in Linguistics. Hong Kong Baptist University.