Presentation on theme: "Complementary distribution"— Presentation transcript:
1Complementary distribution An Animated and Narrated Glossary of Terms used in LinguisticspresentsComplementary distribution
2DefinitionTwo forms A and B are in complementary distribution if they never occur in the same environment.E.g.SunStarsWhen can they be seen?Only at daytimeOnly at nightPicture Credits:
3Basic Idea The distribution of the two forms do not overlap. Example DistributionsSpiderman When there is danger and crimePeter Parker Elsewhere
4Complementarity and Identity If an entity X has multiple manifestations, then all manifestations of X would be in complementary distribution.Thus, when two forms are in complementary distribution,One suspects that underlyingly they are really the same thing with different manifestationsBut this is not necessarily so.
5Example from English *[pet] “map” [mæp] “spin” [spin] *[mæph] “pet” [phet]“map” [mæp]“spin” [spin]“rapid” [’ræpid]“rapidity” [rə’phiditi][ph] occurs as the onset of a stressed syllable.[p] occurs elsewhere.In English, [ph] and [p] are in complementary distribution.*[pet]*[mæph]*[sphin]*[’ræphid]*[’rəpiditi]In phonology for example, the term is used to describe the relationship between two phones
6Example from German Why der and den are in complementary distribution? Der only occurs in the subject position whereasDen only occurs in the object position.derden“the”[+ masculine]Der Tisch ist gut.“The table is good.”Ich mag den Tisch.“I like the table.”*Den Tisch ist gut.*Ich mag der Tisch.
7Wee, Lian-Hee and Winnie H.Y. Cheung (2009) The EndWee, Lian-Hee and Winnie H.Y. Cheung (2009)An animated and narrated glossary of terms used in Linguistics. Hong Kong Baptist University.