Presentation on theme: "War in the Pacific The Atomic Bomb Pgs. 335-336. Pearl Harbor After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese troops landed in the Philippines. Four months."— Presentation transcript:
Pearl Harbor After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese troops landed in the Philippines. Four months later they forced the Americans there to surrender. Before surrendering, the commander of the U.S. troops, General Douglas MacArthur, promised the people of the Philippines, “I shall return.”
1942 The Japanese appeared to be winning the war in the Pacific. –Two Battles turned the tide: Battle of the Coral Sea Battle of Midway –U.S. Navy defeated the Japanese fleet –U.S. Navy sank four Japanese aircraft carriers.
1943 The Allies began to force the Japanese from islands they had conquered. The Allies formed the strategy of island- hopping. –Island-hopping meant only liberating the most important islands on the way to Japan. –The Allies would also begin bombing Japan from the air.
1944 October 1944 – General MacArthur began a major invasion to take back the Philippines. MacArthur fulfilled his promise to return to the Philippines and liberate the island from Japanese control.
Iwo Jima This was a costly battle for both sides. 4,000 American soldiers died. 20,000 Japanese soldiers died. The United States captured Iwo Jima in 1945.
1945 President Truman made the difficult decision to drop an atom bomb on Japan. He wanted to end the war quickly and save American lives. On August 6, the American bomber, Enola Gay, flew over the city of Hiroshima, Japan. A single bomb was dropped.
1945 First, there was a flash like an exploding sun. Then a cloud shaped like a mushroom rose above the city. The bomb killed 75,000 people, most civilians.
1945 Japan did not surrender so an order to drop a second bomb was given. On August 9, a bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. After this – Japan agreed to surrender!