Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

English vs. German A short language comparison. Some basic information about the languages English and German are two Germanic languages and therefore.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "English vs. German A short language comparison. Some basic information about the languages English and German are two Germanic languages and therefore."— Presentation transcript:

1 English vs. German A short language comparison

2 Some basic information about the languages English and German are two Germanic languages and therefore share many of the same characteristics English and German belong to the West Germanic group of the Indo-European language family English developed from the Low German Modern High German developed from the High German

3 Language Tree

4 German -Deutsch official language of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland -around the world, German is spoken by approximately 95 to 110 million native speakers and another 20 million non-native speakers English -the official language of Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom -the standard language of the United States -spoken by 370 million people as first language (estimated), circa 3 billion total

5 The sounds in both languages both the English and the German alphabet consist of 26 letters, using the Latin alphabet however, more phonetic symbols are used in transcription of German words sometimes, same sounds are pronounced in a different way

6 Phonetic symbols

7

8

9 The "th" sound (all positions) EnglishOld EnglishGerman thinkþenceandenken threeþrīedrei thisþisdies thou (you sing.) þūþūdudu leatherleðerLeder pathpæðPfad

10 /x/ before /t/ EnglishOld EnglishGerman broughtbrōhtgebracht thoughtþōhtgedacht

11 [ts] and [ç] English: sits /s ɪ ts/, sets /sets/, cats /kæts/ German: zu /tsu:/, zehn /tse:n/, Zunge /ts ʊ ŋə/, Zimmer /ts ɪ m ɐ / German: [ç] like in ich, Milch, Pech

12 Additional characteristics in German German umlaute: Ä ä, Ö ö, Ü ü [y] Fülle [y:] Rübe, Tür sounds doesnt exist in [ ɛ ] mästenEnglish [ ɛ :] wählen [ø] Ökonom [ø:] Öl

13 Eszett:- ß (also called sharp s) - rules where ß can be replaced with ss Example: Fuß (foot), Füße (feet)

14 Inflectional system inflection: change of form or modification that words undergo to make distinctions such as case, gender, number, tense, person, mood, or voice

15 Gender of words Grammatical gender is not very important in English nouns in English have lost their gender (except for certain professions) All German nouns are either masculine, feminine, or neuter The gender of the German noun is often indicated by the article (definite or indefinite)

16 Definite article and gender masculinefeminineneuter der Mann (the man) die Frau (the woman) das Kind (the child) der Ball (the ball) die Tasche (the bag) das Haus (the house) der Baum (the tree) die Lampe (the lamp) das Jahr (the year)

17 - der Student (masculine) student - die Studentin (feminine) - der Lehrer (masculine) teacher - die Lehrerin (feminine)

18 Cases of nouns In German, words (usually nouns) can have a variety of forms depending on its function in the sentence case The four cases in German: the subject or nominative case the direct object or accusative case the indirect object or dative case the possessive or genitive case

19 The nominative case is used in reference to the subject of a sentence. Der Mann / Die Frau / Das Kind isst. (The man / the woman / the child is eating.) The accusative case is used in reference to the direct object of a sentence. Ich sehe den Mann / die Frau / das Kind. (I see the man / the woman / the child.) The dative case is used in reference to the indirect object of a sentence. Er gibt dem Mann / der Frau / dem Kind den Löffel. (He gives the spoon to the man / the woman / the child.) The genitive case is used in reference to a possessed object of a sentence. das Buch des Mannes / der Frau / des Kindes (the man's / woman's / child's book)

20 Present tense of verbs Personal Pronoun GermanEnglish ich/Ispieleplay du/youspielstplay er, sie, es/he, she, it spieltplays wir/wespielenplay ihr/youspieltplay sie/theyspielenplay

21 False Friends Meaning in English Meaning in German GIFT a presentpoison KINDnice, generousa child ROCKa stonea skirt BOOTa tall shoeboat BADevil, harmfulbath HANDYeasy to handlecell phone


Download ppt "English vs. German A short language comparison. Some basic information about the languages English and German are two Germanic languages and therefore."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google