Presentation on theme: "By: Asad Afzal Sahi Member and Assistant to Chairman Pakistan Agriculture & Dairy Farmers Association Agricultural Economy of Pakistan."— Presentation transcript:
By: Asad Afzal Sahi Member and Assistant to Chairman Pakistan Agriculture & Dairy Farmers Association Agricultural Economy of Pakistan
Introduction Mission Statement Improving the agricultural and farming sector by providing better training and techniques to the farmers and raise awareness among the farmers. What is PADFA? Founded in August 2009 Only association that holds the license for Agriculture & Dairy farming sector Workings of PADFA Pakistan Agriculture & Dairy Farmers Association is working as a bridge between govt. and the stake holders. MoU signed with Kabul chamber of commerce. MoU signed with University of Veterinary Sciences Lahore and University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Pakistan World’s sixth most populous country Population: 180 million Area : 307,374 sq. miles Largest Deep Sea Port in the world Largest Irrigation System in the world The world’s largest manmade forest
General State of Pakistan’s Economy The world’s 26th largest economy Improvement in the economy due to external as well as internal factors. Steady increase in GDP GDP: $884.2 billion (2014 est.) 4.41 percent growth in GDP 2013-2014 5.41 percent growth in 2014-15
Agricultural Sector of the Economy Area under cultivation is 22 million hectares (38%) Only 19 million hectares is irrigated – remaining is rain fed. Area covered by forest is 4 million hectares (7%) 8 million hectares can be classified as the cultivable waste
Strengths of Agriculture Sector Agricultural land of Pakistan is 35% Adequate for food self-sufficiency as well as industrial use and exports. only source of income for 60 % population of Pakistan 44% of the national labor force engaged in agriculture and provides 21% of Pakistan’s Gross Domestic Product
Where we stand now Wheat - From 4 MT in 1950s to 6MT in 1960s to 25 MT in 2014 Rice - From less than 1MT to 2 Mt in 1960s to more than 6.9 MT in 2014 Maize - from 0.5MT in 1950s to 1MT in 1960s to 3.7 MT in 2014 Cotton - From 0.8 MT in 1950s to 2 MT in 1960s to 13.5 MT 2014 Sugarcane - From 6MT in 1950s to 14MT in 1960s to 48.3 MT in 2014 MT= Million tonnes
Importance and Contribution of the Agriculture Sector Pakistan is the world’s 5th largest producer of milk, 4th largest producer of cotton, 5th largest sugarcane producer, 8th largest producer of wheat and exporter of surplus rice, mangoes, other fruits and many vegetables as well as horticulture products. More than 55 percent of total export earnings come from export of agro-based raw and processed products In 2014, the composition of agricultural GDP was 41 percent from crops, 56 percent from livestock and the remaining 3 percent from fisheries and forestry sub-sectors.
How to Improve the Agricultural Sector? Pakistan needs to change its policy-orientation from the current practice of focusing exclusively on price and move towards yield enhancement and address structural issues Enhanced research Agriculture as a means to reduce poverty
CROPS Important crops: Wheat and Rice Sugarcane Maize Cotton The above mentioned crops account for 25.6 percent of the value added in overall agriculture and 5.3 percent of GDP
Exports and Imports Exports Pakistan’s export concentrated in: cotton, leather, rice, synthetic textiles and sports goods Overall exports recorded a decline of 4.9 percent during the year 2014-15 However, there is still room for more expansion in exportation This can be done by export diversification
Imports Imports during the year 2014-15 grew by 1.59 percent and stands at $37.575 billion no import of wheat during the current year Increase in imports of tea, sugar, spices, pulses and soybean oil Decrease in import of palm oil.
Livestock Includes the farming of cows, buffalos and goats which provide milk, meat, hides and other raw materials for the local as well as international market. The major problem for small holding dairy farmers is the dismal milk productivity of Pakistani cattle and buffalos
Livestock Cattle 35.6 million (3.56 crore) Buffalo 31.7 million(3.17crore) Sheep 28.1million Goat 61.5 million Camel 1.0 million Horses 0.4 million Asses 4.7 million Mules 0.2 million (2010-11) Total =163.20 (16 crore 32 lakh) Cow 16.133 million tons Buffalo 28.694 million tons Sheep.036 million tons Goat.759 million tons Camel.818 million tons
Land Ownership Skewed Landownership Total Land Owned (Acres) Number of OwnersSize Area (Acres) Total8,355,772 (100%)55,598276(100%) Under 2.51,426,188 (17%)593,480 (1%) 2.5 to under 5.02,473,811 (30% 3,804,611 (7%) 5.0 to under 7.51,698,714 (20%) 5,780,233 (10%) 7.5 to under 101,075,431 (13%)6,142,438 (11%) 10.0 to under 12.5841,956 (10%)8,034,177 (14%) 12.5 to under 25510,682 (6%)8,545,537(15%) 25.0 to under 50215,240 (3%)6,837,696(12%) 50 to under 10076,816 (1.0%)4,770,064(9%) 100 to under 150 17,663 (0.21%)1,957,648 (4%) 150 above19,271 (0.23%)9,132,392 (16%)
Agricultural Co-operatives Existing legislation in Pakistan allow formation of farmer cooperative bodies, which can buy input, sell produce and obtain credit from commercial banks for members. Unfortunately, these co-operatives has not made much progress and many could not continue for a long period. Various reasons contributing towards lack of interest in co- operatives : Lack of education and guidance Lack of awareness Mistrust Conflicts between members
Future of Co-operatives PADFA plans to launch the “ Pakistan Co-operative Renaissance” by 2016 to increase awareness, provide education and training to small landholders to ignite their interest in Cooperatives. Train managers specifically for managing co-operative farms. The Turkish model could also be molded for our purposes in Pakistan. The establishment of an international collaboration platform for co-operative sector of OIC member countries will In Sha Allah aid us in carrying out this project. I would like to congratulate and thank COMCEC and The Turkish Ministry of Agriculture for providing us with this opportunity.