2 Social Structure King and Queen Nobles Knights and Vassals Commoners Ruled over all of the land except for the ChurchNoblesPaid taxes to kings for favors and positions at courtPosition of power over local villagesKnights and VassalsServed nobles (militarily or otherwise) in exchange for landCommonersKnown as peasants or serfs, did not own land, worked on the Knights and Nobles land
3 Decentralized, local government KINGLORDS (VASSALS TO KING)KNIGHTS (VASSALS TO LORDS)Fief and PeasantsMilitary AidFood Protection ShelterFood Protection ShelterPEASANTS (SERFS)Pay RentFarm the LandHomageMilitary ServiceLoyaltyFEUDALISM: POLITICAL SYSTEMDecentralized, local governmentDependent upon the relationship between members of the nobilityLord and his vassals administered justice and were the highest authority in their landMANORIALISM: ECONOMIC SYSTEMAgriculture the basis for wealthLands divided up into self-sufficient manorsPeasants (serfs) worked the land and paid rent In exchange for protectionBarter the usual form of exchange
4 Role of Women Unmarried women had some rights: Enter the convent instead of marryOwn propertyOwn small businessWomen in higher classes had some political powerMarried women gave over all their rights to their husband when they were marriedAll women worked in some capacity to contribute to society on the whole, jobs depended on social rank (run the home, give birth to sons, manual labor, etc)Violence against women was commonWomen were naturally sinful according to the Bible (story of Adam and Eve)
5 Feudalism The manor was the lord’s estate. The manor system was an economic arrangement between a lord and his serfs.The lord would provide serfs with housing, strips of farmland, and protection from bandits.In return, the serfs tended the lord’s lands, cared for his animals, and performed other tasks to maintain the estate.The manor was largely a self-sufficient community.
7 The ChurchThe Catholic Church was the only church in Europe during the Middle Ages, and it had its own laws and large income.Church leaders such as bishops and archbishops sat on the king's council and played leading roles in government.Bishops, who were often wealthy and came from noble families, ruled over groups of parishes called dioceses.The Parish Priest tended to the sick and indigent and taught Latin and the Bible to the youth of the village
8 Characteristics of Medieval Literature RomanceTells of exploits of knightsOften a supernatural element involvedChristian messageconcern with salvation and the world to comeonly interest in spiritual changeHeroismBeowulfSir Gawain and the Green KnightLiterature as moral lessonloyalty to kingchivalry