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Published byWilfrid Armstrong Modified over 8 years ago

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7.4 The Remainder and Factor Theorems Use Synthetic Substitution to find Remainders

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A review of Synthetic Substitution Synthetic Division a method of dividing polynomials using the coefficients of the divided polynomial and its divisor.

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Synthetic Division definition Synthetic Division a method of dividing polynomials using the coefficients of the divided polynomial and its divisor. Since the divided polynomial is in descending order, we can just use the coefficient as they are written.

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Synthetic Division definition 2 | 1-46-4Inside the box is the zero of x - 2 Synthetic can only be used when the divisor has a degree of 1

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Synthetic Division definition 2 | 1-46-4Inside the box is 2 -4 4the zero of x - 2 1- 2 2 0 We drop the first number the then multiply by 2 and add it to the next number. Repeat till done.

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Synthetic Division definition 2 | 1-46-4Inside the box is 2 -4 4the zero of x - 2 1- 2 2 0 We drop the first number the then multiply by 2 and add it to the next number. Repeat till done.

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Synthetic Division definition 2 | 1-46-4Inside the box is 2 -4 4the zero of x - 2 1- 2 2 0 Since the Remainder is Zero, (x – 2) is a factor of

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A new way to Evaluate polynomials Find Use Synthetic Substitution

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A new way to Evaluate polynomials Find Use Synthetic Substitution 4 | 3 -2 1 0 - 2 12 3

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A new way to Evaluate polynomials Find Use Synthetic Substitution 4 | 3 -2 1 0 - 2 12 40 3 10

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A new way to Evaluate polynomials Find Use Synthetic Substitution 4 | 3 -2 1 0 - 2 12 40 164 3 10 41

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A new way to Evaluate polynomials Find Use Synthetic Substitution 4 | 3 -2 1 0 - 2 12 40 164 656 3 10 41 164

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A new way to Evaluate polynomials Find Use Synthetic Substitution 4 | 3 -2 1 0 - 2 12 40 164 656 3 10 41 164 654

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A new way to Evaluate polynomials Find Use Synthetic Substitution 4 | 3 -2 1 0 - 2 12 40 164 656 3 10 41 164 654 Remainder is 654, so f(4) = 654

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To show a binomial is a Factor the remainder equals zero Show (x – 3) is a factor of x 3 + 4x 2 – 15x – 18.

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To show a binomial is a Factor the remainder equals zero Show (x – 3) is a factor of x 3 + 4x 2 – 15x – 18. 3 | 1 4 -15 -18 3 21 18 1 7 6 0 Since the remainder is zero, ( x – 3) is a factor

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To show a binomial is a Factor the remainder equals zero Show (x – 3) is a factor of x 3 + 4x 2 – 15x – 18. 3 | 1 4 -15 -18 3 21 18 1 7 6 0 If you were going to find the other factors, you would use the depressed equation. x 2 + 7x + 6 = (x + 6)(x + 1)

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x 3 + 4x 2 – 15x – 18 factor Using the synthetic substitution and factoring the depressed equation gives us the factors of the polynomial. x 3 + 4x 2 – 15x – 18 = (x – 3)(x + 1)(x + 6)

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Homework Page 368 – 369 # 13 – 29 odd

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Homework Page 368 – 369 # 14 – 30 even

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