2Goethe’s Family -He was born on August 28, 1749 in Frankfurt. -His father was Johann Caspar Goethe, a lawyer.-His mother was Katherine Elisabeth Textor, who was the daughter of the mayor of Frankfurt.-His sister was Cornelia Goethe.Johann Caspar GoetheCornelia Goethe
3Goethe’s EducationGoethe’s father took great responsibility in his son’s early education.At the age of 16, his father sent him to study law at the University of Leipzig.At the end of his second semester, he lost all interest in law and decided to study art.University of Leipzig
4Goethe’s Law CareerIn 1768, Goethe became ill and moved back to Frankfurt. Then after recovering, he decided to go to Strasbourg to finish his law degree.In 1771, he received his law diploma and spent four years practicing law with his father.
5Die Leiden des jungen Werthers In 1772, he met Charlotte (Lotte) Buff in Wetzler and feel in love with her but later discovered that she was engaged to his friend, Johann Georg Christian Kestner. This inspired him to write Die Leiden des jungen Werthers (The Sorrows of Werther). This story is about a man named Werther, who is in love with a girl named Lotte but later discovers that Lotte is engaged to a young official. Werther is heart-broken over the misleading friendship and hopes he had in being with her that he loses his mind and ends up shooting himself.
6Goethe decides to take two trips to help his literary career. In 1777, he went to the Harz Mountains.In 1779, he went to Switzerland.
7Goethe’s ReturnWhen he returned to Weimar, he fell in love with Charlotte von Stein, this relationship lasted twelve years and changed him from a rebel to a refined man.In 1782, the duke announced Goethe as a patent of nobility, which meant he could add “von” to his name.Goethe became deeply interested in science, he had works in geology, botany, anatomy, which led not only to literary results but to discoveries and scientific theories published…Along with this came confusion. Goethe decided to leave Weimar and fled to Italy to get to know himself better.
8Italienische ReiseGoethe kept a diary of his Italian journey called Italienische Reise in 1817.“His main concern was to look at objects as much as possible for themselves – at the rocks and the plants; the customs, theatricals, and festivals of the people (but never their feelings or political concerns); architecture, sculpture, and, to a lesser extent, painting.”
9When Goethe returned from Italy, he had a relationship with Christiane Vulpius. Goethe had many children with Christiane and only one survived, Julius August Walther (born in 1789) and Goethe married Christiane in 1806 to legitimize the child.Christiane & Goethe
10In 1790, he published an anti-Newtonian essay about color theory and scientific methods. In 1792, the Duke insisted that Goethe accompany him to France and in 1793 to the Rhine River.He kept a journal of these events called Campagne in Frankreich 1792 (The Campaign in France in the year 1792) along with Belagerung von Mainz (Siege of Mainz).
11In 1974, Goethe attended the University of Jena, there he met Schiller, who was a history professor. Together they published Die Horen ( )Goethe went solo on making his own journal called Die Propoylaen ( ).Goethe and Schiller
12In 1805, Goethe’s friend Schiller dies and this becomes a turning point in Goethe’s life. He completes his color theories in 1810 called Zur Farbenlehre (Goethe’s Theory of Colors in 1840).“That I am the only person in this century who has the right insight into the difficult science of colors, that is what I am rather proud of, and that is what gives me the feeling that I have outstripped many” (Goethe).
13In 1811, he wrote a biography on Jakob Philipp Hackert (an artist he met in Italy). He kept himself interested in the works of Caspar David Friedrich and Philipp Otto Runge.Caspar David FriedrichPhilipp Otto Runge
14Goethe’s Life fromIn 1816, he edited a journal called Ueber Kunst und Altersthum (On Art and Antiquity).In 1816, Goethe’s wife, Christiane dies.In 1817, his son August married Ottilie von Pogwisch.In 1817, he retired as director of the court theater after supervising Weimar’s theatrical life for forty years.From , he published works on morphology, scientific topics, optics, and began studying meteorology.
15Goethe spent his last years as a symbol to himself by sitting for portraits, and receiving visits from young intellectuals that he was once from near and far.Goethe died of a heart attack on March 22, 1832 in Weimar, he was 82 years old.
16Gefunden (Found) Ich ging im Walde So fur mich hin, Und nichts zu suchen,Das war mein Sinn.Im Schatten sah ichEin Blumchen stehn,Wie Sterne leuchtendWie Auglein schon.Ich wollt es brechen,Da sagt’ es fein:Soll ich zum Welken,Gebrochen sein?Ich grubs mit allenDon Wurzeln aus,Zum Garten trug ichsAm hubschen HausUnd pflanzt es wiederAm stillen Ort;Nun zweigt es immerUnd bluht so fort.I was walking in the woodsJust on a whim of mine,And seeking nothing,That was my intention.In the shade I sawA little flower standingLike stars glitteringLike beautiful little eyes.I wanted to pick itWhen it said delicately:Should I just to wiltBe picked?I dug it out with allIts little roots.To the garden I carried itBy the lovely house.And replanted itIn this quiet spot;Now it keeps branching outAnd blossoms ever forth
17Mailied Zwischen Hecken und Dorn, Zwischen Baumen und Gras, Zwischen Weizen und Korn,Zwischen Hecken und Dorn,Zwischen Baumen und Gras,Wo gehts Liebchen?Sag mir das!Fand mein HoldchenNicht daheim;Muss das GoldchenDraussen sein.Grunt und bluhetSchon der MaiLiebchen ziehetFroh und frei.An dem Felsen beim Fluss,Wo sie reichte den Kuss,Jenen ersten im Gras,Seh ich etwas!Ist sie das?