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© 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Renewables Energy – Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane - Plants.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Renewables Energy – Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane - Plants."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Renewables Energy – Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane - Plants

2 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Dipl. Ing. Axel Cichon Head of Business Unit – Biogas

3 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Content of the Presentation 1) General Information Type of Gases and Analysis 2) Applications in Biogas and Biomethane Plants 3) Comparison Screw Compressor vs Reciprocating Compressor 4) Norms and Standards for Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane Injection Plants 5) Examples

4 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Content of the Presentation 1) General Information Type of Gases and Analysis 2) Applications in Biogas and Biomethane Plants 3) Comparison Screw Compressor vs Reciprocating Compressor 4) Norms and Standards for Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane Injection 5) Examples

5 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013

6 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 DVGW G 262 Anhang B – Beispiele für die Rohgaszusammensetzung und Kenndaten regenerativ erzeugter Gase und Deponiegase Attachment B – examples for the composition of crude gas and characteristic data of regenerative gases and landfill gases DVGW: German Technical and Scientific Association for Gas and Water

7 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Analysis: gas analysis Biomethane acc. DVGW G260 (DVGW: German Technical and Scientific Association for Gas and Water) Gas Classification: 2. Gas family, Group H Biogas H ( extract from DVGW G 260, table A.2, S.28) Gas componentCh. FormulaVol-%Mi(kg/kmol) nitrogenN20,7528,020 carbon dioxideCO22,9044,010 methaneCH496,1516,040 oxygenO20,2032,00 total100

8 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Analysis: gas analysis Biomethane acc. DVGW G 260 (DVGW: German Technical and Scientific Association for Gas and Water) Biomethane H+LPG ( extract from DVGW G260, table A.2 S.28) Gas ComponentCh. FormulaVol-%Mi(kg/kmol) nitrogenN20,6928,020 carbon dioxideCO22,6844,010 methaneCH490,9416,040 oxygenO20,1932,00 propaneC3H8544,09 butaneC4H100,5058,12 total100

9 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Content of the Presentation 1) General Information Type of Gases and Analysis 2) Applications in Biogas and Biomethane Plants 3) Comparison Screw Compressor vs Reciprocating Compressor 4) Norms and Standards for Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane Injection Plants 5) Examples

10 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013

11 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Typical Compressor Applications in Biogas-Plants: 3 – 8 bar

12 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Product portfolio of AERZENER Maschinenfabrik Not in the AM program

13 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Content of the Presentation 1) General Information Type of Gases and Analysis 2) Applications in Biogas and Biomethane Plants 3) Comparison Screw Compressor vs Reciprocating Compressor 4) Norms and Standards for Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane Injection Plants 5) Examples

14 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Comparison Screw (oil injected) and Reciprocating Compressors Screw Compressor (oil injected) Recipr. Compressor 1.)Characteristicpositive displacement machinedisplacement piston a) Q1 – f (p)approx. constant b) ŋ ad totwide range equally good c) ŋ tot – f (t)wide range 2)Tip Speedmediumlow 3)Conveying fluctuationslow 4)Control characteristicgoodbad 5)Sensitivity against liguidlowrelatively large 6)Reaction to pressure changedirect 7)Shaftstwoone 8)Design of rotors / pistonrobust 9)Discharge Pressure rangehighvery high 10)Moment of Inertiavery smallvery high 11)Unit weightheavyvery heavy 12)Forces of gravitynoheavy 12)Foundationsimplespecial 13)silencernopulsation damper

15 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Content of the Presentation 1) General Information Type of Gases and Analysis 2) Applications in Biogas and Biomethane Plants 3) Comparison Screw Compressor vs Reciprocating Compressor 4) Norms and Standards for Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane Injection Plants 5) Examples

16 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 DVGW VP 265 -1 Batterie Limits Gas Treatment / Gas Injection Plant to Gas Grids and related Norms and Standards

17 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Norms and Standards for Compressors and Blowers in Biogas / Biomethane Plants

18 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Technical Regulation Test specification VP 265-1 / April 2008 Plants for treatment of biogas and injection into natural gas grids – Part 1: Gases generated by fermentation; design, production, construction, testing and commissioning Norms and Standards for Compressors and Blowers in Biogas / Biomethane Plants

19 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 ATEX 94 / 9 EG The blowers and compressors must be designed according the ATEX directives explosion protection Zone I and or Zone II DVGW – Merkblatt G 440 : Gas Treatment Systems: Inside the piping system: Zone 1 Outside (room): Zone 1 or Zone 2 Gas Injection Systems Inside the piping system: no Zone Outside (room): Zone 1 or Zone 2 Acc. to the ATEX – directives the costumer has to issue an self – report to the explosion risks.

20 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Content of the Presentation 1) General Information Type of Gases and Analysis 2) Applications in Biogas and Biomethane Plants 3) Comparison Screw Compressor vs Reciprocating Compressor 4) Norms and Standards for Compressors in Biogas / Biomethane Injection Plants 5) Examples

21 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Project EWE – 4 x VMX 75 RD Biomethane Injection

22 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Project Verbio / Schwedt – 4 x VMX 250 Biomethane Injection

23 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 Biomethane Compressor 16 bar g / 1400 Nm3/h - oil injected Biogas blower 1,0 bar g / 1600 Nm3/h / - oil free Biomethane Compressor 3,5 bar g / 1600 Nm3/h - oil free

24 © 2011 Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH Axel Cichon / May 2013 …..….. questions please? Thanks for your attention !


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