Presentation on theme: "Journey through the odyssey years"— Presentation transcript:
1Journey through the odyssey years 2Journey through the odyssey yearsUnit 3 Section AFOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING AND RESEARCH PRESSAIR FORCE ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY1
22 3 Discovery of a new life stage — Boris Kodjoe I think the message is that at the end of the day, everybody has to mature and everybody has to heal and mend their own injuries, emotional injuries, on their own pace.— Boris KodjoeParents can only give good advice or put their children on the right paths, but the final forming of a person’s character lies in their own hands.— Anne Frank23UnitDiscovery of a new life stage2
3Section A 2 3 Discovery of a new life stage UnitDiscovery of a new life stageJourney through the odyssey yearsSection ATo talk about odyssey yearsObjectivesTo further understand the textTo apply the phrases and patternsTo master the essay writing skill
4Contents Journey through the odyssey years Section A Warming-up activitiesText studyLanguage applicationSummary
5Journey through the odyssey years Warming-up activitiesLead-inPre-reading activitiesCultural backgroundJourney through the odyssey yearsSection A
61. What is the ideal university like in your eyes? Knowledgeable professors, nice living conditionExcellent condition for teaching and learningPleasant academic atmosphereWell-equipped library and abundant onlineresources
72. What are your expectations of your spouse? To bring more happiness in my lifeTo support my work and interest all the timeTo respect our fathers and mothersTo build a beautiful family with meTo broaden my horizon
83. In your opinion, what is your ideal life? Excellent condition for workingHigh incomeNice living conditionHumored spouseExcellent health…
92. What should we do to face our parents as children? Listen and talkPre-reading activities1. Why are parents often upset when their children praise the homes of their playmates?2. What should we do to face our parents as children?Listen to an interview and then discuss the questions.
10Listen and talkPre-reading activities1. Why are the children’s parents often upset when they praise the homes of their playmates?To regard it as a slur on their own cooking, or cleaning, or furnitureTo consider their children will not love them anymoreTo be jealous of other parents
112. What should we do to face our parents as children? Listen and talkPre-reading activities2. What should we do to face our parents as children?To communicate everything with each otherTo work terribly for submission to our parentsTo regard them as our friends
12individuals inevitable unsatisfactory stand up Listen and talkPre-reading activitiesListen to a short passage concerning adolescent reaction and fill in the missing information.Disillusionment with the parents, however good and adequate they may be both as parents and as __________, is to some degree __________. Most children have such a high ideal of their parents, unless the parents themselves have been _____________ that it can hardly hope to _________ to a realistic evaluation.individualsinevitableunsatisfactorystand upTo be continued
13touched infallibility Listen and talkPre-reading activitiesListen to a short passage concerning adolescent reaction and fill in the missing information.Parents would be greatly surprised and deeply _________ if they realized how much belief their children usually have in their character and __________, and how much this faith means to a child.touchedinfallibilityTo be continued
14adolescent valuable independent opposition Listen and talkPre-reading activitiesListen to a short passage concerning adolescent reaction and fill in the missing information.If parents were prepared for this _________ reaction, and realized that it was a sign that the child was growing up and developing ________ powers of observation and _____________ judgment, they would not be so hurt, and therefore would not drive the child into _____________ by resenting and resisting it.adolescentvaluableindependentopposition
153. What is special feature of Generation Z? Cultural backgroundQuestions Previewing1. What is the key insight in The Odyssey, a long poem by the Greek author Homer?Tips2. What does Generation Jones mean?Tips3. What is special feature of Generation Z?Tips
16Cultural background1. What is the key insight in The Odyssey, a long poem by the Greek author Homer?The essentials of the journey are not only outward struggles against tremendous difficulties, but, more importantly, inward struggles leading to personal growth. His journey is the one of self-discovery and of combating his own arrogance and pride from his young rebellious heart. It makes sense to borrow The Odyssey from Greek mythology to describe the rebellious years young people usually go through.
172. What does “Generation Jones” mean? Cultural background2. What does “Generation Jones” mean?A term used to describe the generation born right after World War II in 1945 through It’s usually identified with “baby boomers”. Key characteristics assigned to these members are less optimism, distrust of government, and general cynicism.
183. What is special feature of Generation Z? Cultural background3. What is special feature of Generation Z?It is also known as the Net or the Internet Generation. In the US and other Western nations, it is a common name for the people born from the mid-1990s or early 2000s through to the present. This generation has spent their entire life with the World Wide Web and high-tech gadgets.
19Journey through the odyssey years Main idea & structureLanguage focusCritical thinkingText studyJourney through the odyssey yearsSection A
20What difficulties do you have to confront in your age groups? (Para.1) Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhat difficulties do you have to confront in your age groups? (Para.1)TipsTo study hard and obtain my bachelor degree;To build on our interests;To improve our fitness level.20
21childhood, adolescence, adulthood Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structurePart I — (Para. 1)Explains how the traditional way labeled previous life stages: ____________________________and old ages.childhood, adolescence, adulthood
22the way of viewing different life stages Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structurePart II — (Para. 2)This transitional paragraph claims that _______________________________ is changing.the way of viewing different life stages
23What did young people used to do after college? (Para.3) Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhat did young people used to do after college? (Para.3)TipsThey would find a job leading to a career and then start a family.23
24Based on the reading, what are the so-called “odyssey years”? (Para.4) Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureBased on the reading, what are the so-called “odyssey years”? (Para.4)TipsThey are recognized as a new life stage that comes after high school graduation, continues through college and leads to starting a family and having a career.24
25Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureHow is young people’s assumption of adulthood in the past different from that at present? (Para.5)TipsPreviously, young people would move away from home, become financially independent, find the right spouse and start a family; whereas young people today are different because they delay marriage, child bearing, and even employment.25
26what young people used to do after college. Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structurePart III — (Paras. 3-5)Introduces a new life stage, the odyssey years, using comparison and contrast. Specifically, Paragraph 3 describes ___________________________________Paragraph 4 presents ________________ ___________________________________. Paragraph 5 compares ________________ ________________ in the past and present.what young people used to do after college.young people’s assumption of adulthood people todaythe image of young people today
27Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureHow do some young people in their odyssey years react to their parents? (Para. 6)TipsThey often resent the pressure they’re feeling and keep a distance from their parents or even run away from home. Many also resort to computer games, iPods, iPhones, or iPads.27
28Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureHow did parents feel toward their grown children whose lives are moving away from their expectations.(Para. 7)TipsThe parents feel more anxious. They get upset to see their grown children’s lives are moving away from their own expectations and they don’t even detect a clear direction in their children’s lives.28
29Why does everything during this stage remain temporary? (Para. 8) Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhy does everything during this stage remain temporary? (Para. 8)TipsBecause new guidelines for this new phase haven’t been established yet.29
30What are some of the characteristics of this phase? (Para. 10) Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhat are some of the characteristics of this phase? (Para. 10)TipsCharacteristics of the phase include delaying marriage and spending more years independently before settling down with a career and family.30
31traditional aspirations Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structurePart IV — (Paras. 6-10)This part exclusively deals with the characteristics of the odyssey years such as young people’s ________________, parents’ feelings toward the growing children, no new guidelines, young peoples’ holding _________________ and so on.rebellious reactiontraditional aspirations
32What advice is offered to the young people? (Paras.11-12) Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhat advice is offered to the young people? (Paras.11-12)TipsCollege graduates shouldn’t easily give up in face of competitions. Success will only come to those who know that they must have the strength, capacity and confidence to pass through the odyssey years.32
33Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureDo you think the odyssey years could lead to self-discovery? Why or why not? (Para.12)TipsYes, because sufficient time is provided to peculate on and experience life.No, that period of time only brings in more stress and frustration but no self-awareness.33
34Main ideas of the parts Part IV — (Paras. 11-12) Main idea & structurePart IV — (Paras )Encourages young people never to give up when facing any difficulties. They must have ___________________________________ ___________________________________.the strength, capacity and confidence to successfully pass through the odyssey years
35Previous phases in life Structure of the textMain idea & structurePrevious phases in lifeTransitionA newly added phase in life: the odyssey yearsCharacteristics of the odyssey yearsAdvice to young people
36Previous phases in life Structure of the textMain idea & structurePrevious phases in lifeTransitionA newly added phase in life: the odyssey yearsCharacteristics of the odyssey yearsAdvice to young people
37Previous phases in life Structure of the textMain idea & structurePrevious phases in lifeThere were childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age, with each unique phase bringing its own peculiar set of challenges. (Para. 1)
38Previous phases in life Structure of the textMain idea & structurePrevious phases in lifeTransitionA newly added phase in life: the odyssey yearsCharacteristics of the odyssey yearsAdvice to young people
39The way of viewing different life stages is changing. (Para. 2) Structure of the textMain idea & structureTransitionThe way of viewing different life stages is changing. (Para. 2)
40Previous phases in life Structure of the textMain idea & structurePrevious phases in lifeTransitionA newly added phase in life: the odyssey yearsCharacteristics of the odyssey yearsAdvice to young people
41A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years Structure of the textMain idea & structureA newly added phase in life: the odyssey yearsPreviously, young people’s induction to adulthood was completed once they graduated from college. (Para. 3)Today, young people are following a different agenda: the odyssey years. (Para. 4)Previously, young people would move away from home and start a family; which is different from today. (Para. 5)
42Previous phases in life Structure of the textMain idea & structurePrevious phases in lifeTransitionA newly added phase in life: the odyssey yearsCharacteristics of the odyssey yearsAdvice to young people
43Characteristics of the odyssey years Structure of the textMain idea & structureCharacteristics of the odyssey yearsBecause of enormous pressure, young people react with rebellious behaviors toward their parents. (Para. 6)Their parents feel more anxious. (Para. 7)New guidelines for this particular phase haven’t been established. Every change remains temporary. (Para. 8)
44Characteristics of the odyssey years Structure of the textMain idea & structureCharacteristics of the odyssey yearsThe change in gender status delays the time to get married. However, young people still hold traditional aspirations for parenthood. (Para.9)The outcome of this new phase will become more noticeable in the coming years. (Para. 10)
45Previous phases in life Structure of the textMain idea & structurePrevious phases in lifeTransitionA newly added phase in life: the odyssey yearsCharacteristics of the odyssey yearsAdvice to young people
46Structure of the textMain idea & structureAdvice to young peopleSuccess will only come to those who know that they must have the strength, capacity and confidence to pass through the odyssey years. (Paras )
47Summary of the textMain idea & structureThe odyssey years are certainly a very complicated _________ of life for young people. The odyssey years can ________ young people with enormous pressure to ____________. During these years, not only do these young people need to __________ many difficulties, they also have to face many ____________ from their parents.phasesaddlemove forwardovercomechallengesTo be continued
48But, if you stay strong, be positive, and keep focused, someday you will look back and wonder at the ____________ as you passed through the odyssey years.vast changes
49Practical Phrases Specific Meanings Language focusFunctional patternsPractical PhrasesSpecific Meanings1. separate from把…分开；分隔2. take a break from中断；暂停3. tend to do sth.倾向于；往往会；易于做某事4. base upon /on sth.以…为基础；以…为根据5. saddle sb. with sth.使承担苦差事；使负重担6. give way to sth.被代替7. back off放弃；退出8. wonder at对某事感到惊讶，感到诧异
50Practical phrases separate from 短语应用 意群提示 把…分开；分隔 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrases把…分开；分隔短语逆译separate from短语应用商业的银行帐户需跟个人的银行帐户分开。意群提示(separate from / business bank accounts)Business bank accounts need to be separated from personal ones.
51Practical phrases take a break from 短语应用 意群提示 中断；暂停 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrases中断；暂停短语逆译take a break from短语应用她暂停了一会儿工作，给自己泡了一点咖啡，然后几分钟后继续工作。意群提示(take a break from / make herself some coffee)She took a break from her work to make herself some coffee and then resumed a few minutes later.
52Practical phrases tend to do sth. 短语应用 意群提示 倾向于；往往会；易于做某事 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrases倾向于；往往会；易于做某事短语逆译tend to do sth.短语应用人们随着年纪的增长往往不需要那么多睡眠。意群提示(tend to do sth. / need less sleep)People tend to need less sleep as they get older.
53Practical phrases base upon / on sth. 短语应用 意群提示 以…为基础；以…为根据 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrasesbase upon /on sth.以…为基础；以…为根据短语逆译短语应用这些是成为一名成功的演说家的关键因素，是以我自己的经验为基础的。意群提示(base on sth. / the key factors / my own experience)These are the key factors for being a successful speaker, and they are based on my own experience.
54Practical phrases saddle sb. with sth. 短语应用 意群提示 使承担苦差事；使负重担 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrases使承担苦差事；使负重担短语逆译saddle sb. with sth.短语应用由于生产成本的提高, 造成了该公司。意群提示(saddle sb. with sth. / due to / an increased cost)The company is saddled with debt due to the consequence of an increased cost of production.
55Practical phrases give way to sth. 短语应用 意群提示 被代替 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrases被代替短语逆译give way to sth.短语应用他对老板不给他加薪的决定感到非常失望，很快他的失望变成了愤怒。意群提示(give way to sth. / give one a pay raise)He was greatly disappointed over his boss’ decision against giving him a pay raise, and soon his disappointment gave way to anger.
56Practical phrases back off 短语应用 意群提示 短语逆译 放弃；退出 Language focusPractical phrases短语逆译back off放弃；退出短语应用当杰瑞意识到需多少工作量才能成功地完成这个项目时，他放弃了。意群提示(back off / do a good job completing it)Jerry backed off the project when he realized how much work was involved to do a good job completing it.
57Practical phrases wonder at 短语应用 意群提示 对某事感到惊讶，感到诧异 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrases对某事感到惊讶，感到诧异wonder at短语逆译短语应用去山里观光的游客对这个地区天气变化之快感到诧异。意群提示(wonder at / visitors to mountainous areas)Visitors to mountainous areas tend to wonder at the speed with which the weather can change in such areas.
58Functional patterns Functional Patterns Functions & Usages Language focusFunctional patternsFunctional PatternsFunctions & Usages1. with + n./pron.+ v-ing.构成with独立结构，主要用作状语，可以表示伴随、方式、原因、时间等。2. Recent trends show....用于描述“近来的一种态势”。3. Apart from anything else, sth. has an effect on用于强调“某种因素的影响”。58
59原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns Language focusFunctional patterns原句译文我们把这些阶段想象为婴儿期在童年之前，中年在老年之前，每个阶段都会面临一系列特有的挑战。逆译练习We think of infancy before childhood and middle age before old age, with each unique phase bringing its own peculiar set of challenges. (Para. 1, L2-4)句型提炼59
60句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns with + n./pron.+ v-ing. Language focusFunctional patterns句型提炼with + n./pron.+ v-ing.应用提示构成with独立结构，主要用作状语，可以表示伴随、方式、原因、时间等。 with之后的名词和其后的现在分词构成主谓关系，其中现在分词表示主动并正在进行的动作。句型应用60
61Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 她在餐桌旁坐了下来，每道菜都散发出扑鼻的香味。(状语表示伴随) Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句她在餐桌旁坐了下来，每道菜都散发出扑鼻的香味。(状语表示伴随)意群提示(with each dish emitting)She sat down at the table, with each dish emitting a delicious smell.
62Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 女孩坐在那里一言不发，眼睛直挺挺地盯着墙壁。(状语表示方式) Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句女孩坐在那里一言不发，眼睛直挺挺地盯着墙壁。(状语表示方式)意群提示(with her eyes fixing)The girl sat there quite silent with her eyes fixing on the wall.
63Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 由于我们的食物即将吃完，我们不得不步行到一个村子寻求帮助。(状语表示原因) Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句由于我们的食物即将吃完，我们不得不步行到一个村子寻求帮助。(状语表示原因)意群提示(with our food running out / walk to a village)With our food running out, we had to walk to a village for help.
64Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 随着夏季来临，天气正变得越来越热。(状语表示时间) Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句随着夏季来临，天气正变得越来越热。(状语表示时间)意群提示(with summer coming)With summer coming, it is becoming hotter and hotter.
65原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns 由于年轻人正按照一种不同的模式生活，最近的趋势出现了根本性的变化。 Language focusFunctional patterns原句译文由于年轻人正按照一种不同的模式生活，最近的趋势出现了根本性的变化。逆译练习Recent trends show radical changes as young people are following a different agenda. (Para. 4, L3-4)句型提炼65
66句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns 用于描述“近来的一种态势”。 Language focusFunctional patterns句型提炼Recent trends/tendencies/fashions show…应用提示用于描述“近来的一种态势”。句型应用66
67Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 最近的趋势表明，可以通过放松的的锻炼方式使身体受益。 Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句最近的趋势表明，可以通过放松的的锻炼方式使身体受益。意群提示(recent...show… / body benefits / indefatigable)Recent tendency shows that it is possible that body benefits from exercises through an relaxing way.
68原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns 别的不说，这对择偶产生了不言而喻的影响。 Language focusFunctional patterns原句译文别的不说，这对择偶产生了不言而喻的影响。逆译练习Apart from anything else, this has had an implicit effect on courtship. (Para. 9, L1)句型提炼68
69句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns Language focusFunctional patterns句型提炼Apart from anything else, sth. has an effect on…应用提示用于强调“某种因素的影响”。句型应用69
70Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 撇开别的不说，仅仅这些谣言对他的形象已经产生了负面的影响。 Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句撇开别的不说，仅仅这些谣言对他的形象已经产生了负面的影响。意群提示(apart from anything else / rumors/ negative effect)Apart from anything else, these rumors alone havehad negative effect on his image.
71Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation奥德赛岁月使年轻人承受了巨大的压力，迫使他们快速往前冲。a. The odyssey years can saddle young people with enormous pressure to move forward quickly. (Para. 6, L1)
72Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation他们的困惑源于很难让家长了解他们，也源于这段需要进行自我探索的、不确定的人生之旅。b. Their confusion comes from the difficulties to make parents understand them and the fluid journey of discovery they need in this phase of their lives. (Para.6, L5)
73Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation接下来会如何发展很难预测。新的准则还没有建立，一切似乎都被一个不确定的版本所取代。c. It’s hard to predict what’s next. New guidelines haven’t been established yet, and everything seems to give way to a less permanent version of itself. (Para.8, L1)
74Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation顺利度过奥德赛岁月的将是那些不急于即刻实现目标的人—— 但这些人知道他们必须保持实力、能力、信心去度过这段较长的岁月。d. Success moving through the odyssey years will come to those who don’t expect to achieve their goals right away but know that they must have the strength, capacity and confidence to endure over the long term. (Para.12, L1)
75Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation如果你的目标起步稍晚了点，不要认为你是个失败者！意志坚定，态度积极，并集中精力！有一天，你会回头审视，并对奥德赛岁月给你带来的巨大改变而惊叹。e. If you’re a little late with your goals, don’t feel like a failure! Stay strong, be positive, and keep focused! Someday you will look back and wonder at the vast changes as you passed through the odyssey years. (Para.12, L3)
76Critical thinkingTheme explorationHow can young people cope with this difficult time period – the odyssey years?What might be the most significant personal effect that is caused by the delay in transition to adulthood?How do you evaluate the radical social changes resulting from this newly added phase?Tips
77Critical thinkingTheme explorationHow can young people cope with this difficult time period – the odyssey years?Young people should use more time tocommunicate with family, friends, and other lovedones, spend less time on the Internet, games, anddo physical exercise to improve the fitnesslevel in case of some approaching difficulties.Otherwise, they should participate in meaningfulactivities to fill up all the days.
78Critical thinkingTheme exploration2. What might be the most significant personal effect that is caused by the delay in transition to adulthood?• Delayed marriage and career • More competition • Loss of good opportunities • More self-awareness • Further exploration of career • Establishment of stable financial status
79Critical thinkingTheme exploration3. How do you evaluate the radical social changes resulting from this newly added phase?• Through a lot of changes, young people become more flexible than older people• Social changes are so radical that it is hard for everyone to fit in the pattern• Radical social changes will eventually shape society into a more modern one
80Critical thinkingCulture explorationHow do you understand the following quotes “What I do is all for you”and “Put yourself far enough away to give your child much room but close enough to help him or her if asked”?Chinese and western education differ widely in a first embodiment of family education. Chinese parents tend to educate their children in a directive, command type. They plan for all, make their area of control, and pay few attention to children’s independent ability.
81Critical thinkingCulture explorationHow do you understand the following quotes “What I do is all for you”and “Put yourself far enough away to give your child much room but close enough to help him or her if asked”?However, the western family education is quite different, parents tend to put their children in equal status. This gives the child enough space. Parents pay attention to children's awareness and abilities to stand on their own.
82Watch a video clip and discuss the question. Critical thinkingQ1: How much do you know about this American family sitcom “Growing Pains”?Watch a video clip and discuss the question.TipsQ2: Taking into consideration of Odyssey years, what message can you get from this TV program?TipsVideo Watching
84Critical thinkingQ1: How much do you know about this American family sitcom “Growing Pains”?This ABC family sitcom revolved around the Seaver family, who lived on Long Island in New York. Dr Seaver, a psychologist and his wife Maggie Seaver, a journalist, try to do their best raising their family and although their kids, Mike, Ben, Carol and Crissie, cause them endless problems, they manage to keep the family close together. As long as they got each other, nothing else matters.
85Q2: Taking into consideration of Odyssey years, what message can you get from this TV program? It is not regarded as a comedy over there but a life lesson and a sociology course. Nowadays, It's hard enough to raise kids of Odyssey years, but when you have to cope with the kids, things tend to get out of hand, because young people are wandering and going through life, exploring and discovering themselves. They fall in and out of love; they try one career and then try another.to be continued
86Q2: Taking into consideration of Odyssey years, what message can you get from this TV program? Their parents grow increasingly anxious, for they see their grown children’s transition phase between student life and adult life stretching five years, seven and beyond; they see their children delaying marriage, having children and permanent employment. To solve all these problems, both the parents and children should reflect on themselves and communicate with each other.
87Journey through the odyssey years Language applicationWriting devicesOral reproductionParagraph translationJourney through the odyssey yearsSection A
88Focus on a comparison / contrast essay Writing devicesEssay writingFocus on a comparison / contrast essayTo compare means to show the similarities and to contrast means to show the differences. In everyday life, you compare and contrast when you buy a car or choose an apartment. You can also compare two teachers, two jobs, or two ways to spend a weekend.There are some important points to remember when you write a comparison / contrast essay:to be continued
89Writing devicesEssay writingThe items being compared or contrasted must be from the same category. In other words, they should be comparable.It is better to mention the points you would like to compare or contrast in the thesis statement so as to let readers know about the main idea in your essay right away.to be continued
90Writing devicesEssay writingThere are two basic patterns to organize the details of your essay: point-by-point and subject-by-subject. Here, point refers to the aspects you would like to use to develop your essay, and subject refers to the two items or people you want to compare or contrast. In this unit, you will learn how to use the point-by-point pattern. For instance, if you compare two generations, you may organize the details as follows:to be continued
91Point by point Essay writing Writing devices 1 Way of thinking A Younger generationB Older generation2 Attitude to changesA Younger generationB Old generation3 Hobbies & interestA Younger generationB Older generationto be continued
92Structure words Essay writing Writing devicesEssay writingThe key to writing a successful and coherent essay is the appropriate use of comparison and contrast structure words. The common ones are:Structure wordsComparison: similarly, likewise, also, too, as, just as, like, just like, similar to, alike, the same as, not only … but also…, both … and …, etc.Contrast: on the other hand, in contrast, however, in comparison, even though, although, though, whereas, while, but, different from, unlike, etc.
93Writing devicesEssay writingHave a look at the outline and the sample below, which is a comparison / contrast essay:.
94Writing devicesEssay writingTopic:The differences between the young generation and their parents’ generation.Introduction:Thesis statement: Even though both generations have their good points, today’s young people are more active and adaptable to the changes of life than their parents.to be continued
95Point 2: adaptable to the changes of life Writing devicesEssay writingBody:Point 1: active in life• Young people• ParentsPoint 2: adaptable to the changes of life
96Writing devicesEssay writingConclusion:Young people usually live in a more active and flexible way than their parents.
97Writing devicesEssay writingSample:As is known to all, people’s lifestyles and behavior change constantly. Consequently, there are many differences between the young generation and their parents’ generation (Topic sentence). Even though both generations have their good points, today’s young people are more active and adaptable to the changes of life than their parents.to be continued
98Writing devicesEssay writingSample:First of all, young people nowadays are more active in life (Detail 1). As we can often observe, many students who are still in high school have started to find jobs. They think this will help them gain more experience and they can work better after graduating from universities. This is an absolutely opposite view to their parents’ generation. In their times, parents often waited until they were qualified enough to get a job. They were not as active as young people today.to be continued
99Writing devicesEssay writingSample:In addition, the young generation better adapts to the changes of life (Detail 2). For example, for the past decade or so, the Internet has developed tremendously. Young people find it extremely easy to use and feel very comfortable to apply it to their studies and work; therefore, they have made more progress at school and at work. In contrast, their parents usually find it hard to remember how to use computers or surf online. They often get frustrated when they have to work on a computer and find it hard to adapt to the new technology.to be continued
100Writing devicesEssay writingSample:To conclude, although every generation has its own uniqueness and abilities to live their lives, young people usually live in a more active and flexible way than their parents (Concluding sentence).
101Writing practice Essay writing Writing devicesEssay writingWriting practiceDirections: Write an essay of no less than 150 words on one of the following topics. One topic has an outline you can follow.
102Topic: Generation gap between parents and children Writing devicesEssay writingTopic: Generation gap between parents and childrenIntroduction: Thesis statement: The differences between parents and children can be well observed in their completely different attitudes and views.Body:Point 1: different in their attitude toward lifePoint 2: different in the way to look at thingsConclusion: It’s very difficult for parents and their youngsters to get along due to their distinct attitudes toward life and the way to view things.
103• Young people now and then High school vs. college Writing devicesEssay writingMore topics:• Young people now and thenHigh school vs. college
104Make a speech on the following topic. Oral reproductionSpeech makingMake a speech on the following topic.Suppose, as a young person at Odyssey Years , you are expected to give a speech to your classmates on child-parent relationships.
105You can follow the outline given below. Oral reproductionSpeech makingYou can follow the outline given below.Part I. Opening part of the speechYou may include the following points:1. Teenager is at the sensible age;2. The performance of the teenagers;3. The relation between the teenagers and their parentsTo be continued
106You can follow the outline given below. Oral reproductionSpeech makingYou can follow the outline given below.Part II. Your understanding of the teenagers1. The teenagers want to chase for freedom, and they have an aversion for their parents’ all decision about them;2. In their parents’ opinion, the teenagers are children forever, and they are not mature to solve any problems.Part III. ConclusionGive your way to find the solution about the argument.To be continued
107You may adopt the following expressions. Oral reproductionSpeech makingYou may adopt the following expressions.at the sensible age;on the one hand …, on the other hand…;go against;have argument with;deal with;chase for freedom;at the age of pursing;make one’s own decision;
108You may adopt the following expressions. Oral reproductionSpeech makingYou may adopt the following expressions.treat…as…;the only way to solve…;be conscious that;no more;have a good talk with;find a better way to solve argument;the better understanding between
109Paragraph translation Translate a paragraph based on a summary of the text by using the expressions from the text.
110Paragraph translation at the sensible age青少年处于一个敏感的年纪，一方面，他们还不够成熟，另一方面，他们很反叛，不听父母的话，和父母作对。所以青少年总是和父母争吵，这很受伤，父母不得不处理这样的情况。on the other handgo againsthave argument withdeal withTo be continued
111Paragraph translation 作为青少年，他们追求自由，他们处在追求个性的年纪。他们想要展示自己的成熟，可以自己做决定。然而对父母来说，他们一生都在看着孩子，还没有意识到孩子已经成熟了，所以他们总是把孩子当小孩一样看待，替孩子做一切的决定。这就是矛盾的来源，唯一的解决方法就是彼此理解。chase for freedompursing individualismmake their own decisionthe only way to solveTo be continued
112Paragraph translation 对于父母来说，他们必须意识到孩子已经长大，不再是小孩子，他们应该学会放手。对于青少年来说，应该和父母好好谈谈，试着解释和展示自己的勇气。他们不应该生父母的气，找到争端的更好解决方法。be conscious thathave a good talk withTo be continued
113Paragraph translation Teenagers are at the sensible age, on the one hand, they are not mature enough, on the other hand, they are very bolshy, they don’t listen to what their parents tell them, they will go against parents. So teenagers always have argument with them. It hurts so much. Parents have to deal with such situations.To be continued
114Paragraph translation As teenagers, they want to chase for freedom, they are at the age of pursing individualism. They want to show that they are mature enough, they can make their own decision. While as parents, they watch their kids all their life, they haven’t realized that their kids are already mature enough, so they always treat their children as the small one, making every decision for them. That is why the conflict comes, the only way to solve it is to understand each other.To be continued
115Paragraph translation For parents, they must be conscious that the kids are growing up, they are no more the small ones, they should learn to let them go. For teenagers, they should have a good talk with their parents, trying to explain and show the courage they have. They should not be angry with parents, to find a better way to solve argument.To be continued
116the useful expressions the functional patterns Thematic studySummaryRevision ofthe useful expressionsthe functional patternsJourney through the odyssey yearsSection A
117the useful expressions Revision ofthe useful expressionsLanguage points—Useful expressions1. 把…分开；分隔2. 中断；暂停3. 倾向于；易于做某事4. 以…为基础；以…为根据5. 使承担苦差事；使负重担6. 被代替7. 放弃；退出8. 对某事感到惊讶，感到诧异separate fromtake a break fromtend to do sth.base upon /on sth.saddle sb. with sthgive way to sth.back offwonder at
118the useful expressions Revision ofthe useful expressionsLanguage points—Useful expressions9. 有固定的想法10. 很自然的认为11. 引入职业生涯12. 失恋13. 往前冲刺14. 感到难过15. 综上所述have a solid ideaunderstand as a normlead to a careerfall out of lovemove forwardget upsetconsidering all of this
119the functional patterns Revision ofthe functional patternsLanguage points—Useful patternsFunctions & usagesSentence patterns1. 构成with独立结构，主要用作状语，可以表示伴随、方式、原因、时间等。2. 用于描述“近来的一种态势”。3. 用于强调“某因素的影响”。with + n./pron.+ v-ing.Recent tendency shows…上面挤，下面空Apart from anything else, sth. has an effect on…
120Section AJourney through the odyssey yearsThe End