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Journey through the odyssey years

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1 Journey through the odyssey years
2 Journey through the odyssey years Unit 3 Section A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING AND RESEARCH PRESS AIR FORCE ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY 1

2 2 3 Discovery of a new life stage — Boris Kodjoe
I think the message is that at the end of the day, everybody has to mature and everybody has to heal and mend their own injuries, emotional injuries, on their own pace. — Boris Kodjoe Parents can only give good advice or put their children on the right paths, but the final forming of a person’s character lies in their own hands. — Anne Frank 2 3 Unit Discovery of a new life stage 2

3 Section A 2 3 Discovery of a new life stage
Unit Discovery of a new life stage Journey through the odyssey years Section A To talk about odyssey years Objectives To further understand the text To apply the phrases and patterns To master the essay writing skill

4 Contents Journey through the odyssey years Section A
Warming-up activities Text study Language application Summary

5 Journey through the odyssey years
Warming-up activities Lead-in Pre-reading activities Cultural background Journey through the odyssey years Section A

6 1. What is the ideal university like in your eyes?
Knowledgeable professors, nice living condition Excellent condition for teaching and learning Pleasant academic atmosphere Well-equipped library and abundant online resources

7 2. What are your expectations of your spouse?
To bring more happiness in my life To support my work and interest all the time To respect our fathers and mothers To build a beautiful family with me To broaden my horizon

8 3. In your opinion, what is your ideal life?
Excellent condition for working High income Nice living condition Humored spouse Excellent health

9 2. What should we do to face our parents as children?
Listen and talk Pre-reading activities 1. Why are parents often upset when their children praise the homes of their playmates? 2. What should we do to face our parents as children? Listen to an interview and then discuss the questions.

10 Listen and talk Pre-reading activities 1. Why are the children’s parents often upset when they praise the homes of their playmates? To regard it as a slur on their own cooking, or cleaning, or furniture To consider their children will not love them anymore To be jealous of other parents

11 2. What should we do to face our parents as children?
Listen and talk Pre-reading activities 2. What should we do to face our parents as children? To communicate everything with each other To work terribly for submission to our parents To regard them as our friends

12 individuals inevitable unsatisfactory stand up
Listen and talk Pre-reading activities Listen to a short passage concerning adolescent reaction and fill in the missing information. Disillusionment with the parents, however good and adequate they may be both as parents and as __________, is to some degree __________. Most children have such a high ideal of their parents, unless the parents themselves have been _____________ that it can hardly hope to _________ to a realistic evaluation. individuals inevitable unsatisfactory stand up To be continued

13 touched infallibility
Listen and talk Pre-reading activities Listen to a short passage concerning adolescent reaction and fill in the missing information. Parents would be greatly surprised and deeply _________ if they realized how much belief their children usually have in their character and __________, and how much this faith means to a child. touched infallibility To be continued

14 adolescent valuable independent opposition
Listen and talk Pre-reading activities Listen to a short passage concerning adolescent reaction and fill in the missing information. If parents were prepared for this _________ reaction, and realized that it was a sign that the child was growing up and developing ________ powers of observation and _____________ judgment, they would not be so hurt, and therefore would not drive the child into _____________ by resenting and resisting it. adolescent valuable independent opposition

15 3. What is special feature of Generation Z?
Cultural background Questions Previewing 1. What is the key insight in The Odyssey, a long poem by the Greek author Homer? Tips 2. What does Generation Jones mean? Tips 3. What is special feature of Generation Z? Tips

16 Cultural background 1. What is the key insight in The Odyssey, a long poem by the Greek author Homer? The essentials of the journey are not only outward struggles against tremendous difficulties, but, more importantly, inward struggles leading to personal growth. His journey is the one of self-discovery and of combating his own arrogance and pride from his young rebellious heart. It makes sense to borrow The Odyssey from Greek mythology to describe the rebellious years young people usually go through.

17 2. What does “Generation Jones” mean?
Cultural background 2. What does “Generation Jones” mean? A term used to describe the generation born right after World War II in 1945 through It’s usually identified with “baby boomers”. Key characteristics assigned to these members are less optimism, distrust of government, and general cynicism.

18 3. What is special feature of Generation Z?
Cultural background 3. What is special feature of Generation Z? It is also known as the Net or the Internet Generation. In the US and other Western nations, it is a common name for the people born from the mid-1990s or early 2000s through to the present. This generation has spent their entire life with the World Wide Web and high-tech gadgets.

19 Journey through the odyssey years
Main idea & structure Language focus Critical thinking Text study Journey through the odyssey years Section A

20 What difficulties do you have to confront in your age groups? (Para.1)
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure What difficulties do you have to confront in your age groups? (Para.1) Tips To study hard and obtain my bachelor degree; To build on our interests; To improve our fitness level. 20

21 childhood, adolescence, adulthood
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure Part I — (Para. 1) Explains how the traditional way labeled previous life stages: ____________________________ and old ages. childhood, adolescence, adulthood

22 the way of viewing different life stages
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure Part II — (Para. 2) This transitional paragraph claims that _______________________________ is changing. the way of viewing different life stages

23 What did young people used to do after college? (Para.3)
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure What did young people used to do after college? (Para.3) Tips They would find a job leading to a career and then start a family. 23

24 Based on the reading, what are the so-called “odyssey years”? (Para.4)
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure Based on the reading, what are the so-called “odyssey years”? (Para.4) Tips They are recognized as a new life stage that comes after high school graduation, continues through college and leads to starting a family and having a career. 24

25 Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure How is young people’s assumption of adulthood in the past different from that at present? (Para.5) Tips Previously, young people would move away from home, become financially independent, find the right spouse and start a family; whereas young people today are different because they delay marriage, child bearing, and even employment. 25

26 what young people used to do after college.
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure Part III — (Paras. 3-5) Introduces a new life stage, the odyssey years, using comparison and contrast. Specifically, Paragraph 3 describes ___________________________________ Paragraph 4 presents ________________ ___________________________________. Paragraph 5 compares ________________ ________________ in the past and present. what young people used to do after college. young people’s assumption of adulthood people today the image of young people today

27 Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure How do some young people in their odyssey years react to their parents? (Para. 6) Tips They often resent the pressure they’re feeling and keep a distance from their parents or even run away from home. Many also resort to computer games, iPods, iPhones, or iPads. 27

28 Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure How did parents feel toward their grown children whose lives are moving away from their expectations.(Para. 7) Tips The parents feel more anxious. They get upset to see their grown children’s lives are moving away from their own expectations and they don’t even detect a clear direction in their children’s lives. 28

29 Why does everything during this stage remain temporary? (Para. 8)
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure Why does everything during this stage remain temporary? (Para. 8) Tips Because new guidelines for this new phase haven’t been established yet. 29

30 What are some of the characteristics of this phase? (Para. 10)
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure What are some of the characteristics of this phase? (Para. 10) Tips Characteristics of the phase include delaying marriage and spending more years independently before settling down with a career and family. 30

31 traditional aspirations
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure Part IV — (Paras. 6-10) This part exclusively deals with the characteristics of the odyssey years such as young people’s ________________, parents’ feelings toward the growing children, no new guidelines, young peoples’ holding _________________ and so on. rebellious reaction traditional aspirations

32 What advice is offered to the young people? (Paras.11-12)
Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure What advice is offered to the young people? (Paras.11-12) Tips College graduates shouldn’t easily give up in face of competitions. Success will only come to those who know that they must have the strength, capacity and confidence to pass through the odyssey years. 32

33 Main ideas of the parts Main idea & structure Do you think the odyssey years could lead to self-discovery? Why or why not? (Para.12) Tips Yes, because sufficient time is provided to peculate on and experience life. No, that period of time only brings in more stress and frustration but no self-awareness. 33

34 Main ideas of the parts Part IV — (Paras. 11-12)
Main idea & structure Part IV — (Paras ) Encourages young people never to give up when facing any difficulties. They must have ___________________________________ ___________________________________. the strength, capacity and confidence to successfully pass through the odyssey years

35 Previous phases in life
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Previous phases in life Transition A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years Characteristics of the odyssey years Advice to young people

36 Previous phases in life
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Previous phases in life Transition A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years Characteristics of the odyssey years Advice to young people

37 Previous phases in life
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Previous phases in life There were childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age, with each unique phase bringing its own peculiar set of challenges. (Para. 1)

38 Previous phases in life
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Previous phases in life Transition A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years Characteristics of the odyssey years Advice to young people

39 The way of viewing different life stages is changing. (Para. 2)
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Transition The way of viewing different life stages is changing. (Para. 2)

40 Previous phases in life
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Previous phases in life Transition A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years Characteristics of the odyssey years Advice to young people

41 A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years
Structure of the text Main idea & structure A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years Previously, young people’s induction to adulthood was completed once they graduated from college. (Para. 3) Today, young people are following a different agenda: the odyssey years. (Para. 4) Previously, young people would move away from home and start a family; which is different from today. (Para. 5)

42 Previous phases in life
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Previous phases in life Transition A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years Characteristics of the odyssey years Advice to young people

43 Characteristics of the odyssey years
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Characteristics of the odyssey years Because of enormous pressure, young people react with rebellious behaviors toward their parents. (Para. 6) Their parents feel more anxious. (Para. 7) New guidelines for this particular phase haven’t been established. Every change remains temporary. (Para. 8)

44 Characteristics of the odyssey years
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Characteristics of the odyssey years The change in gender status delays the time to get married. However, young people still hold traditional aspirations for parenthood. (Para.9) The outcome of this new phase will become more noticeable in the coming years. (Para. 10)

45 Previous phases in life
Structure of the text Main idea & structure Previous phases in life Transition A newly added phase in life: the odyssey years Characteristics of the odyssey years Advice to young people

46 Structure of the text Main idea & structure Advice to young people Success will only come to those who know that they must have the strength, capacity and confidence to pass through the odyssey years. (Paras )

47 Summary of the text Main idea & structure The odyssey years are certainly a very complicated _________ of life for young people. The odyssey years can ________ young people with enormous pressure to ____________. During these years, not only do these young people need to __________ many difficulties, they also have to face many ____________ from their parents. phase saddle move forward overcome challenges To be continued

48 But, if you stay strong, be positive, and keep focused, someday you will look back and wonder at the ____________ as you passed through the odyssey years. vast changes

49 Practical Phrases Specific Meanings
Language focus Functional patterns Practical Phrases Specific Meanings 1. separate from 把…分开;分隔 2. take a break from 中断;暂停 3. tend to do sth. 倾向于;往往会;易于做某事 4. base upon /on sth. 以…为基础;以…为根据 5. saddle sb. with sth. 使承担苦差事;使负重担 6. give way to sth. 被代替 7. back off 放弃;退出 8. wonder at 对某事感到惊讶,感到诧异

50 Practical phrases separate from 短语应用 意群提示 把…分开;分隔 短语逆译
Language focus Practical phrases 把…分开;分隔 短语逆译 separate from 短语应用 商业的银行帐户需跟个人的银行帐户分开。 意群提示 (separate from / business bank accounts) Business bank accounts need to be separated from personal ones.

51 Practical phrases take a break from 短语应用 意群提示 中断;暂停 短语逆译
Language focus Practical phrases 中断;暂停 短语逆译 take a break from 短语应用 她暂停了一会儿工作,给自己泡了一点咖啡,然后几分钟后继续工作。 意群提示 (take a break from / make herself some coffee) She took a break from her work to make herself some coffee and then resumed a few minutes later.

52 Practical phrases tend to do sth. 短语应用 意群提示 倾向于;往往会;易于做某事 短语逆译
Language focus Practical phrases 倾向于;往往会;易于做某事 短语逆译 tend to do sth. 短语应用 人们随着年纪的增长往往不需要那么多睡眠。 意群提示 (tend to do sth. / need less sleep) People tend to need less sleep as they get older.

53 Practical phrases base upon / on sth. 短语应用 意群提示 以…为基础;以…为根据 短语逆译
Language focus Practical phrases base upon / on sth. 以…为基础;以…为根据 短语逆译 短语应用 这些是成为一名成功的演说家的关键因素,是以我自己的经验为基础的。 意群提示 (base on sth. / the key factors / my own experience) These are the key factors for being a successful speaker, and they are based on my own experience.

54 Practical phrases saddle sb. with sth. 短语应用 意群提示 使承担苦差事;使负重担 短语逆译
Language focus Practical phrases 使承担苦差事;使负重担 短语逆译 saddle sb. with sth. 短语应用 由于生产成本的提高, 造成了该公司。 意群提示 (saddle sb. with sth. / due to / an increased cost) The company is saddled with debt due to the consequence of an increased cost of production.

55 Practical phrases give way to sth. 短语应用 意群提示 被代替 短语逆译
Language focus Practical phrases 被代替 短语逆译 give way to sth. 短语应用 他对老板不给他加薪的决定感到非常失望,很快他的失望变成了愤怒。 意群提示 (give way to sth. / give one a pay raise) He was greatly disappointed over his boss’ decision against giving him a pay raise, and soon his disappointment gave way to anger.

56 Practical phrases back off 短语应用 意群提示 短语逆译 放弃;退出
Language focus Practical phrases 短语逆译 back off 放弃;退出 短语应用 当杰瑞意识到需多少工作量才能成功地完成这个项目时,他放弃了。 意群提示 (back off / do a good job completing it) Jerry backed off the project when he realized how much work was involved to do a good job completing it.

57 Practical phrases wonder at 短语应用 意群提示 对某事感到惊讶,感到诧异 短语逆译
Language focus Practical phrases 对某事感到惊讶,感到诧异 wonder at 短语逆译 短语应用 去山里观光的游客对这个地区天气变化之快感到诧异。 意群提示 (wonder at / visitors to mountainous areas) Visitors to mountainous areas tend to wonder at the speed with which the weather can change in such areas.

58 Functional patterns Functional Patterns Functions & Usages
Language focus Functional patterns Functional Patterns Functions & Usages 1. with + n./pron.+ v-ing. 构成with独立结构,主要用作状语,可以表示伴随、方式、原因、时间等。 2. Recent trends show.... 用于描述“近来的一种态势”。 3. Apart from anything else, sth. has an effect on 用于强调“某种因素的影响”。 58

59 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns
Language focus Functional patterns 原句译文 我们把这些阶段想象为婴儿期在童年之前,中年在老年之前,每个阶段都会面临一系列特有的挑战。 逆译练习 We think of infancy before childhood and middle age before old age, with each unique phase bringing its own peculiar set of challenges. (Para. 1, L2-4) 句型提炼 59

60 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns with + n./pron.+ v-ing.
Language focus Functional patterns 句型提炼 with + n./pron.+ v-ing. 应用提示 构成with独立结构,主要用作状语,可以表示伴随、方式、原因、时间等。 with之后的名词和其后的现在分词构成主谓关系,其中现在分词表示主动并正在进行的动作。 句型应用 60

61 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 她在餐桌旁坐了下来,每道菜都散发出扑鼻的香味。(状语表示伴随)
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 她在餐桌旁坐了下来,每道菜都散发出扑鼻的香味。(状语表示伴随) 意群提示 (with each dish emitting) She sat down at the table, with each dish emitting a delicious smell.

62 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 女孩坐在那里一言不发,眼睛直挺挺地盯着墙壁。(状语表示方式)
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 女孩坐在那里一言不发,眼睛直挺挺地盯着墙壁。(状语表示方式) 意群提示 (with her eyes fixing) The girl sat there quite silent with her eyes fixing on the wall.

63 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 由于我们的食物即将吃完,我们不得不步行到一个村子寻求帮助。(状语表示原因)
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 由于我们的食物即将吃完,我们不得不步行到一个村子寻求帮助。(状语表示原因) 意群提示 (with our food running out / walk to a village) With our food running out, we had to walk to a village for help.

64 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 随着夏季来临,天气正变得越来越热。(状语表示时间)
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 随着夏季来临,天气正变得越来越热。(状语表示时间) 意群提示 (with summer coming) With summer coming, it is becoming hotter and hotter.

65 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns 由于年轻人正按照一种不同的模式生活,最近的趋势出现了根本性的变化。
Language focus Functional patterns 原句译文 由于年轻人正按照一种不同的模式生活,最近的趋势出现了根本性的变化。 逆译练习 Recent trends show radical changes as young people are following a different agenda. (Para. 4, L3-4) 句型提炼 65

66 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns 用于描述“近来的一种态势”。
Language focus Functional patterns 句型提炼 Recent trends/tendencies/fashions show… 应用提示 用于描述“近来的一种态势”。 句型应用 66

67 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 最近的趋势表明,可以通过放松的的锻炼方式使身体受益。
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 最近的趋势表明,可以通过放松的的锻炼方式使身体受益。 意群提示 (recent...show… / body benefits / indefatigable) Recent tendency shows that it is possible that body benefits from exercises through an relaxing way.

68 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns 别的不说,这对择偶产生了不言而喻的影响。
Language focus Functional patterns 原句译文 别的不说,这对择偶产生了不言而喻的影响。 逆译练习 Apart from anything else, this has had an implicit effect on courtship. (Para. 9, L1) 句型提炼 68

69 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns
Language focus Functional patterns 句型提炼 Apart from anything else, sth. has an effect on… 应用提示 用于强调“某种因素的影响”。 句型应用 69

70 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 撇开别的不说,仅仅这些谣言对他的形象已经产生了负面的影响。
Language focus Functional patterns 典型例句 撇开别的不说,仅仅这些谣言对他的形象已经产生了负面的影响。 意群提示 (apart from anything else / rumors/ negative effect) Apart from anything else, these rumors alone have had negative effect on his image.

71 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 奥德赛岁月使年轻人承受了巨大的压力,迫使他们快速往前冲。 a. The odyssey years can saddle young people with enormous pressure to move forward quickly. (Para. 6, L1)

72 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 他们的困惑源于很难让家长了解他们,也源于这段需要进行自我探索的、不确定的人生之旅。 b. Their confusion comes from the difficulties to make parents understand them and the fluid journey of discovery they need in this phase of their lives. (Para.6, L5)

73 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 接下来会如何发展很难预测。新的准则还没有建立,一切似乎都被一个不确定的版本所取代。 c. It’s hard to predict what’s next. New guidelines haven’t been established yet, and everything seems to give way to a less permanent version of itself. (Para.8, L1)

74 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 顺利度过奥德赛岁月的将是那些不急于即刻实现目标的人—— 但这些人知道他们必须保持实力、能力、信心去度过这段较长的岁月。 d. Success moving through the odyssey years will come to those who don’t expect to achieve their goals right away but know that they must have the strength, capacity and confidence to endure over the long term. (Para.12, L1)

75 Language appreciation
Language focus Language appreciation 如果你的目标起步稍晚了点,不要认为你是个失败者!意志坚定,态度积极,并集中精力!有一天,你会回头审视,并对奥德赛岁月给你带来的巨大改变而惊叹。 e. If you’re a little late with your goals, don’t feel like a failure! Stay strong, be positive, and keep focused! Someday you will look back and wonder at the vast changes as you passed through the odyssey years. (Para.12, L3)

76 Critical thinking Theme exploration How can young people cope with this difficult time period – the odyssey years? What might be the most significant personal effect that is caused by the delay in transition to adulthood? How do you evaluate the radical social changes resulting from this newly added phase? Tips

77 Critical thinking Theme exploration How can young people cope with this difficult time period – the odyssey years? Young people should use more time to communicate with family, friends, and other loved ones, spend less time on the Internet, games, and do physical exercise to improve the fitness level in case of some approaching difficulties. Otherwise, they should participate in meaningful activities to fill up all the days.

78 Critical thinking Theme exploration 2. What might be the most significant personal effect that is caused by the delay in transition to adulthood? • Delayed marriage and career • More competition • Loss of good opportunities • More self-awareness • Further exploration of career • Establishment of stable financial status

79 Critical thinking Theme exploration 3. How do you evaluate the radical social changes resulting from this newly added phase? • Through a lot of changes, young people become more flexible than older people • Social changes are so radical that it is hard for everyone to fit in the pattern • Radical social changes will eventually shape society into a more modern one

80 Critical thinking Culture exploration How do you understand the following quotes “What I do is all for you”and “Put yourself far enough away to give your child much room but close enough to help him or her if asked”? Chinese and western education differ widely in a first embodiment of family education. Chinese parents tend to educate their children in a directive, command type. They plan for all, make their area of control, and pay few attention to children’s independent ability.

81 Critical thinking Culture exploration How do you understand the following quotes “What I do is all for you”and “Put yourself far enough away to give your child much room but close enough to help him or her if asked”? However, the western family education is quite different, parents tend to put their children in equal status. This gives the child enough space. Parents pay attention to children's awareness and abilities to stand on their own.

82 Watch a video clip and discuss the question.
Critical thinking Q1: How much do you know about this American family sitcom “Growing Pains”? Watch a video clip and discuss the question. Tips Q2: Taking into consideration of Odyssey years, what message can you get from this TV program? Tips Video Watching

83 Critical thinking Back

84 Critical thinking Q1: How much do you know about this American family sitcom “Growing Pains”? This ABC family sitcom revolved around the Seaver family, who lived on Long Island in New York. Dr Seaver, a psychologist and his wife Maggie Seaver, a journalist, try to do their best raising their family and although their kids, Mike, Ben, Carol and Crissie, cause them endless problems, they manage to keep the family close together. As long as they got each other, nothing else matters.

85 Q2: Taking into consideration of Odyssey years, what message can you get from this TV program?
It is not regarded as a comedy over there but a life lesson and a sociology course. Nowadays, It's hard enough to raise kids of Odyssey years, but when you have to cope with the kids, things tend to get out of hand, because young people are wandering and going through life, exploring and discovering themselves. They fall in and out of love; they try one career and then try another. to be continued

86 Q2: Taking into consideration of Odyssey years, what message can you get from this TV program?
Their parents grow increasingly anxious, for they see their grown children’s transition phase between student life and adult life stretching five years, seven and beyond; they see their children delaying marriage, having children and permanent employment. To solve all these problems, both the parents and children should reflect on themselves and communicate with each other.

87 Journey through the odyssey years
Language application Writing devices Oral reproduction Paragraph translation Journey through the odyssey years Section A

88 Focus on a comparison / contrast essay
Writing devices Essay writing Focus on a comparison / contrast essay To compare means to show the similarities and to contrast means to show the differences. In everyday life, you compare and contrast when you buy a car or choose an apartment. You can also compare two teachers, two jobs, or two ways to spend a weekend. There are some important points to remember when you write a comparison / contrast essay: to be continued

89 Writing devices Essay writing The items being compared or contrasted must be from the same category. In other words, they should be comparable. It is better to mention the points you would like to compare or contrast in the thesis statement so as to let readers know about the main idea in your essay right away. to be continued

90 Writing devices Essay writing There are two basic patterns to organize the details of your essay: point-by-point and subject-by-subject. Here, point refers to the aspects you would like to use to develop your essay, and subject refers to the two items or people you want to compare or contrast. In this unit, you will learn how to use the point-by-point pattern. For instance, if you compare two generations, you may organize the details as follows: to be continued

91 Point by point Essay writing Writing devices 1 Way of thinking
A Younger generation B Older generation 2 Attitude to changes A Younger generation B Old generation 3 Hobbies & interest A Younger generation B Older generation to be continued

92 Structure words Essay writing
Writing devices Essay writing The key to writing a successful and coherent essay is the appropriate use of comparison and contrast structure words. The common ones are: Structure words Comparison: similarly, likewise, also, too, as, just as, like, just like, similar to, alike, the same as, not only … but also…, both … and …, etc. Contrast: on the other hand, in contrast, however, in comparison, even though, although, though, whereas, while, but, different from, unlike, etc.

93 Writing devices Essay writing Have a look at the outline and the sample below, which is a comparison / contrast essay:.

94 Writing devices Essay writing Topic: The differences between the young generation and their parents’ generation. Introduction: Thesis statement: Even though both generations have their good points, today’s young people are more active and adaptable to the changes of life than their parents. to be continued

95 Point 2: adaptable to the changes of life
Writing devices Essay writing Body: Point 1: active in life • Young people • Parents Point 2: adaptable to the changes of life

96 Writing devices Essay writing Conclusion: Young people usually live in a more active and flexible way than their parents.

97 Writing devices Essay writing Sample: As is known to all, people’s lifestyles and behavior change constantly. Consequently, there are many differences between the young generation and their parents’ generation (Topic sentence). Even though both generations have their good points, today’s young people are more active and adaptable to the changes of life than their parents. to be continued

98 Writing devices Essay writing Sample: First of all, young people nowadays are more active in life (Detail 1). As we can often observe, many students who are still in high school have started to find jobs. They think this will help them gain more experience and they can work better after graduating from universities. This is an absolutely opposite view to their parents’ generation. In their times, parents often waited until they were qualified enough to get a job. They were not as active as young people today. to be continued

99 Writing devices Essay writing Sample: In addition, the young generation better adapts to the changes of life (Detail 2). For example, for the past decade or so, the Internet has developed tremendously. Young people find it extremely easy to use and feel very comfortable to apply it to their studies and work; therefore, they have made more progress at school and at work. In contrast, their parents usually find it hard to remember how to use computers or surf online. They often get frustrated when they have to work on a computer and find it hard to adapt to the new technology. to be continued

100 Writing devices Essay writing Sample: To conclude, although every generation has its own uniqueness and abilities to live their lives, young people usually live in a more active and flexible way than their parents (Concluding sentence).

101 Writing practice Essay writing
Writing devices Essay writing Writing practice Directions: Write an essay of no less than 150 words on one of the following topics. One topic has an outline you can follow.

102 Topic: Generation gap between parents and children
Writing devices Essay writing Topic: Generation gap between parents and children Introduction: Thesis statement: The differences between parents and children can be well observed in their completely different attitudes and views. Body: Point 1: different in their attitude toward life Point 2: different in the way to look at things Conclusion: It’s very difficult for parents and their youngsters to get along due to their distinct attitudes toward life and the way to view things.

103 • Young people now and then High school vs. college
Writing devices Essay writing More topics: • Young people now and then High school vs. college

104 Make a speech on the following topic.
Oral reproduction Speech making Make a speech on the following topic. Suppose, as a young person at Odyssey Years , you are expected to give a speech to your classmates on child-parent relationships.

105 You can follow the outline given below.
Oral reproduction Speech making You can follow the outline given below. Part I. Opening part of the speech You may include the following points: 1. Teenager is at the sensible age; 2. The performance of the teenagers; 3. The relation between the teenagers and their parents To be continued

106 You can follow the outline given below.
Oral reproduction Speech making You can follow the outline given below. Part II. Your understanding of the teenagers 1. The teenagers want to chase for freedom, and they have an aversion for their parents’ all decision about them; 2. In their parents’ opinion, the teenagers are children forever, and they are not mature to solve any problems. Part III. Conclusion Give your way to find the solution about the argument. To be continued

107 You may adopt the following expressions.
Oral reproduction Speech making You may adopt the following expressions. at the sensible age; on the one hand …, on the other hand…; go against; have argument with; deal with; chase for freedom; at the age of pursing; make one’s own decision;

108 You may adopt the following expressions.
Oral reproduction Speech making You may adopt the following expressions. treat…as…; the only way to solve…; be conscious that; no more; have a good talk with; find a better way to solve argument; the better understanding between

109 Paragraph translation
Translate a paragraph based on a summary of the text by using the expressions from the text.

110 Paragraph translation
at the sensible age 青少年处于一个敏感的年纪,一方面,他们还不够成熟,另一方面,他们很反叛,不听父母的话,和父母作对。所以青少年总是和父母争吵,这很受伤,父母不得不处理这样的情况。 on the other hand go against have argument with deal with To be continued

111 Paragraph translation
作为青少年,他们追求自由,他们处在追求个性的年纪。他们想要展示自己的成熟,可以自己做决定。然而对父母来说,他们一生都在看着孩子,还没有意识到孩子已经成熟了,所以他们总是把孩子当小孩一样看待,替孩子做一切的决定。这就是矛盾的来源,唯一的解决方法就是彼此理解。 chase for freedom pursing individualism make their own decision the only way to solve To be continued

112 Paragraph translation
对于父母来说,他们必须意识到孩子已经长大,不再是小孩子,他们应该学会放手。对于青少年来说,应该和父母好好谈谈,试着解释和展示自己的勇气。他们不应该生父母的气,找到争端的更好解决方法。 be conscious that have a good talk with To be continued

113 Paragraph translation
Teenagers are at the sensible age, on the one hand, they are not mature enough, on the other hand, they are very bolshy, they don’t listen to what their parents tell them, they will go against parents. So teenagers always have argument with them. It hurts so much. Parents have to deal with such situations. To be continued

114 Paragraph translation
As teenagers, they want to chase for freedom, they are at the age of pursing individualism. They want to show that they are mature enough, they can make their own decision. While as parents, they watch their kids all their life, they haven’t realized that their kids are already mature enough, so they always treat their children as the small one, making every decision for them. That is why the conflict comes, the only way to solve it is to understand each other. To be continued

115 Paragraph translation
For parents, they must be conscious that the kids are growing up, they are no more the small ones, they should learn to let them go. For teenagers, they should have a good talk with their parents, trying to explain and show the courage they have. They should not be angry with parents, to find a better way to solve argument. To be continued

116 the useful expressions the functional patterns
Thematic study Summary Revision of the useful expressions the functional patterns Journey through the odyssey years Section A

117 the useful expressions
Revision of the useful expressions Language points—Useful expressions 1. 把…分开;分隔 2. 中断;暂停 3. 倾向于;易于做某事 4. 以…为基础;以…为根据 5. 使承担苦差事;使负重担 6. 被代替 7. 放弃;退出 8. 对某事感到惊讶,感到诧异 separate from take a break from tend to do sth. base upon /on sth. saddle sb. with sth give way to sth. back off wonder at

118 the useful expressions
Revision of the useful expressions Language points—Useful expressions 9. 有固定的想法 10. 很自然的认为 11. 引入职业生涯 12. 失恋 13. 往前冲刺 14. 感到难过 15. 综上所述 have a solid idea understand as a norm lead to a career fall out of love move forward get upset considering all of this

119 the functional patterns
Revision of the functional patterns Language points—Useful patterns Functions & usages Sentence patterns 1. 构成with独立结构,主要用作状语,可以表示伴随、方式、原因、时间等。 2. 用于描述“近来的一种态势”。 3. 用于强调“某因素的影响”。 with + n./pron.+ v-ing. Recent tendency shows… 上面挤,下面空 Apart from anything else, sth. has an effect on…

120 Section A Journey through the odyssey years The End


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