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Chapter 2 Leadership Traits and Ethics Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2 Leadership Traits and Ethics Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 2 Leadership Traits and Ethics Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

2 Summary of Lecture # 2 Leader and leadership Leader and leadership Elements of leadership Elements of leadership Managerial roles Managerial roles Levels of leadership analysis Levels of leadership analysis Trait, behavioral and contingency Trait, behavioral and contingency leadership theories leadership theories Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

3 Learning Outcomes Benefits of classifying personality traits. Big Five personality dimensions. Universality traits of effective leaders. Trait of dominance. Achievement Motivation Theory and Leader Profile. Theory X, Theory Y Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

4 Traits and Personality What are traits? Distinguishing personal characteristics Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

5 Traits and Personality What is personality? A combination of traits that differentiate an individual’ from others or classify or differentiate an individual's behavior Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

6 Traits and Personality What value do these factors have in leadership? Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

7 Big Five Model of Personality Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning Surgency Dominance and Extrovert Adjustment Getting along with people (warm, easy going, friendly, and compassionate Agreeableness Emotional Stability (self control) Conscientiousness Achievement oriented (responsible/dependable to irresponsible/undependable Openness to experience Willing to change, try new things

8 Reasons for Derailed Executives Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning 1.Bullying style 2.Cold, aloof, arrogant 4.Self-centered 6.Overmanaged 5.Specific performance Problems 3.Betrayed personal trust

9 Traits of Effective Leadership Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning sometraits What are some traits of effective leaders?

10 Traits of Effective Leaders Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning Self-confident Dominance High energy Locus of Control Locus of Control Integrity Flexibility Sensitivity to others Sensitivity to others Intelligence Stability Traits

11 Traits of Effective Leaders Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning DominanceWant to be in charge Affects all other traits High EnergyDrive, hard work, stamina, persistence Self-confidenceTrust own judgments, decisions, ideas, capabilities Locus of ControlBelief in control of own destiny StabilityEmotionally in control, secure, positive IntegrityHonest, ethical, trustworthy IntelligenceAbove average, educated

12 Traits of Effective Leaders Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning Emotional Intelligence (EQ) Self-awareness, Social awareness, motivating oneself, empathy, relationship management, self-management FlexibilityChange, adjust to changes SensitivityUnderstand group members, communicate well, people centered

13 Achievement Motivation Theory Achievement Motivation Theory Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

14 Achievement Motivation Theory “Attempts to explain and predict behavior and performance based on a person’s need for achievement, power, and affiliation.” What are the characteristics of each need? Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

15 Need for Achievement Internal locus of control Self-confidence High energy Goal oriented Realistic goals Moderate risk taker Competitive Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

16 Need for Affiliation Strong personal relationships Sensitivity to others Love that people like or love him Prefer “helping professions” Concerned about what people think of them Usually have low need for power – Reluctant to accept leadership positions Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

17 Need for Power Seek authority positionSeek authority position Dominant traits (Surgency)Dominant traits (Surgency) Want more control and powerWant more control and power Enjoy competitionEnjoy competition Confront and compete othersConfront and compete others People with high need of power tend to have low needPeople with high need of power tend to have low need for affiliation for affiliation Usually they involve in Power Politics to get control andUsually they involve in Power Politics to get control and authority authority Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

18 Leader Motive Profile (LMP) “Theory attempts to explain an predict leadership success based on a person’s need for achievement, power and affiliation motive profile. “ “Effective leaders tend to have a high need for power (socialized power than personal power), a moderate need for achievement, and a lesser need for affiliation.” “These needs vary from leader to leader” Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

19 Need for Power Want to be in charge (in authority) Self-confident High energy Competitive Ambitious Less concerned with people Much maligned word Power is the fuel of accomplishment Leadership = Power Socialized Power: Used for the good of one’s self, the group, and the organization Personalized Power: Used for selfish reasons and contrary to the good of the group and organization

20 Theory X and Theory Y Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning Theory XTheory Y People are lazy Dislike work Do as little as possible Must be closely supervised Carrot & stick management People are motivated Get satisfaction from work Will do what is right for organization Participative management Autocratic (Control) Participative (Support)

21 Combining Traits and Needs Source: Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning The Big Five Model Nine TraitsAchievement Motivation theory SurgencyDominanceNeed for Power AgreeablenessSensitivity to othersNeed for affiliation AdjustmentStabilitySocialized power (LMP) ConscientiousnessHigh energy, self confidence, integrity Need for achievement Openness to experience Internal locus of control, intelligence, flexibility No separate need, included within other needs

22 Discussion Questions Question 1: Does sensitivity to others mean that the leader does what the followers want to do? Question2: Is the locus of control important to leaders? Question 3: Is Power Good or Bad? Question 4: Why managers having more need for affiliation are not successful? Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning

23 Summary Benefits of classifying personality traits. Big Five personality dimensions. Universality traits of effective leaders. Trait of dominance. Achievement Motivation Theory and Leader Profile. Theory X, Theory Y Lussier, R. and Achau, C. (2007): Effective Leadership, 3 rd Edition, South-Western, Cangage Learning


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