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CABINET SHOP SAFETY These handouts and documents with attachments are not final, complete, or definitive instruments. This information is for guidance.

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Presentation on theme: "CABINET SHOP SAFETY These handouts and documents with attachments are not final, complete, or definitive instruments. This information is for guidance."— Presentation transcript:

1 CABINET SHOP SAFETY These handouts and documents with attachments are not final, complete, or definitive instruments. This information is for guidance purposes only. You should independently verify and satisfy yourself as to its accuracy. The AHBSIF does not assume any liability for damages arising from the use of this information or exhibits and attachments thereto and renders no opinion that any of the terms, conditions, and/or cited federal standards in this document and the exhibits and attachments should be explicitly followed by the fund member. Seek specific guidance from the appropriate regulator (OSHA) or professional advisor.

2 Scope This guide was created to assist cabinet shop/wood fabrication shop owners on how to eliminate or control common safety exposures. This is not a definitive or comprehensive plan for this type of work. Please consult necessary safety sources when developing your own site specific plan.

3 TABLE OF CONTENTS Signage Material Storage and Handling
Tool/Machine Hazards Electrical Paint & Stain Operations Dust Collection Systems Hazard Communication Personal Protective Equipment Emergency Procedures

4 Signage Walking and Working Surfaces Exit Routes Visitor Warnings
Permanent Aisles and passageways must be appropriately marked Routes can be delineated with floor paint or physical barrier Exit Routes Each exit must be clearly visible and marked “EXIT” must be legible and no less than six inches high and three quarters of an inch wide Must have an illumination rating of 5 foot-candles on permanent power, self luminescent or electroluminescent .06 footlamberts All doors not an exit must be labeled as such (e.g. closet) Visitor Warnings Must alert all visitors to potential exposures/hazards of facility Prevent entrance from unauthorized personnel Hazardous Material Storage Location must be fenced and posted to prevent entrance from unauthorized personnel

5 Signage Flammable and Combustible Liquids Spray Finishing
Storage cabinet where flammable and combustible liquids are stored must be conspicuously labeled Spray Finishing “NO SMOKING” All spraying areas and paint storage rooms Personal Protective Equipment For processes that require specific protective equipment Accident Prevention Signs Color specifications are found in Subpart J “DANGER” (red-black-white) “CAUTION” (yellow-black) “WARNING” (no uniform color code) Listed colors must meet ANSI Z

6 Signage Fire Protection Materials Handling Radial Arm Saws
Location of extinguishers shall be labeled so location is easily identifiable Materials Handling All permanent aisleways where mechanical equipment operates will be appropriately marked Sufficient safe clearances maintained with no aisle obstruction Overhead gantry cranes must display rated load mark on both sides Each hoisting unit must display rated load Rated load marks must be visible from floor During maintenance crane must be labeled “OUT OF ORDER” and floor space below must also be labeled Radial Arm Saws The direction of saw rotation must be conspicuously marked on the hood

7 Signage Electrical Hazard Communication
Breaker panel must display manufacturer’s name, trademark, or other descriptive identification Must provide voltage, current, wattage, and other ratings Labels must withstand the environment All breaker switches inside the panel must be labeled Covers for boxes ≥ 600v must be permanently marked “HIGH VOLTAGE”, must be on the outside of the box and highly visible Lock out Tag Out, see electrical portion of guide Hazard Communication See Hazard Communication portion of guide

8 Signage Mandatory Postings “It’s the Law” poster
OSHA poster 3165 (English), 3167 (Spanish).

9 Signage Mandatory Postings OSHA 300 logs Citations
300A, Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses Must be filed on an annual basis even if there are no injuries Summary from the following year must be posted from February 1st to April 30th of current year Must be certified by a companies highest officer Citations Employer must post copy of citations at inspection location for three days or until violations are abated, whichever is longer.

10 Log 300A

11 Material Storage & Handling
General Storage Requirements Flammable and Combustible Liquids Manual Handling General Mechanical Handling Fork Trucks Waste Material Disposal

12 General Storage Requirements
Storage areas must be kept free from materials that may cause tripping, fires, or explosions. Storage areas should not block or intrude on facility pathways When stacking and piling materials consider Height Weight Accessibility Condition of the container

13 General Storage Requirements
Compressed gas cylinders must be secured and upright. Different gases must be separated by at least 20 ft. or by partition with specific dimension and fire retardant capabilities. Observe height limitations for stacked materials. Ex. Lumber must be stacked no more than 16 ft. high if it is handled manually, 20 ft. for forklift use Used lumber must have all nails removed before stacking. Lumber must be stacked and leveled on solidly supported bracing.

14 General Storage Requirements
Bags and bundles must be stacked in interlocking rows. Drums, barrels, and kegs must be stacked symmetrically. If stored on their sides, the bottom tiers must be blocked. Boxed materials must be banded and baled. Paper or rags stored inside a trailer must not be closer than 18 inches to walls, partitions, or sprinkler heads. Non-compatible materials must be separated in storage.

15 General Storage Requirements
Consider availability of the material, safe movement of material handling equipment, and personnel. Any employee required to work in stored material vessels shall be equipped with a personal fall arrest system. When a difference in work levels exists, some means of smooth transition must be employed, i.e. grading, ramps, blocking.

16 General Storage Requirements
If space above office or any other elevated area is used for storage, handrails must be installed per the OSHA’s handrail requirements Top Rail height: 42” (+ or – 3”) Mid Rail height: 21” (+ or – 3”) Must be able to support 200 lbs of outward and downward force on the top, 150 lbs on the mid rail Toe Boards are necessary only if an exposure exists for those below

17 Flammable Liquid Classification
Flammable Liquid refers to any liquid having a flash point below 100° F FP - Flash Point BP - Boiling Point Class IA Class IB Class IC FP < 73° FP ≥ 73° BP < 100° BP ≥ 100°

18 Combustible Liquid Classification
Combustible Liquid refers to any liquid having a flash at or above 100° F FP - Flash Point Class II Class IIIA Class IIIB FP ≥ 100° FP ≥ 140° FP ≥ 200° FP < 140° FP < 200°

19 Flammable and Combustible Liquids
The quantity of flammable or combustible liquid that may kept outside of a storage room or cabinet inside the building shall not exceed: 25 gallons of Class IA liquids in containers 120 gallons of Class IB, IC, II, III liquids in containers 660 gallons of Class IB, IC, II, III liquids in a single portable tank

20 Inside Storage Rooms Shall be of fire resistant construction
Liquid tight were the walls join the floor Have approved self closing doors at all openings At least 4” sills, ramps, or depressed floors or open integrated trench which drains to safe location

21 Inside Storage Rooms A ventilation system that provides at least six room changes / hour For Class I liquids, electrical wiring approved for hazardous locations Explosion resistant lighting fixtures Wood at least 1 inch nominal thickness for shelving, racks, dunnage, scuffboards, floor overlay, and similar installations

22 Flammable Storage All solvent wastes and flammable liquids must be kept in fire-resistant, covered containers until they are removed from the worksite Firm separation should be placed between containers of combustibles or flammables, when stacked one upon another, to assure their support and stability   Permanently installed sprinkler system heads must not spray into operating electrical switch boards and equipment

23 Flammable Liquids Spills of flammable or combustible liquids must be cleaned up promptly   Storage tanks must be adequately vented to prevent the development of excessive vacuum or pressure as a result of filling, emptying, or atmosphere temperature changes   Storage tanks must also be equipped with emergency venting that will relieve excessive internal pressure caused by fire exposure Insure that all connections on drums and combustible liquid piping and vapor are liquid tight

24 Flammable Liquids Use approved metal safety cans for handling of any flammable liquids in quantity greater than a gallon Keep flammable liquids in closed containers when not in use (example: parts cleaning tanks, pans, etc.)  Ground and bond bulk drums of flammable liquids to containers during dispensing

25 Combustible Storage Combustible scrap, debris, and waste materials (oily rags, etc.) should be stored and removed from the worksite as promptly as possible  Proper storage practiced to minimize the risk of fire including spontaneous combustion Keep combustible materials away from potential ignition sources Never store flammable or combustible liquids in access or egress areas

26 General Requirements For Manual Handling
Employees should seek help when: A load is so bulky it cannot be properly grasped or lifted An employee can’t see around or over it A load cannot be safely handled. Personal Protective equipment is an integral part of safe handling procedures. Boots with sturdy soles Gloves Forearm Protection Safety Glasses

27 Mechanics of Proper Lifting
The following slides will demonstrate the basics of proper lifting technique Don’t forget these basics; Warming up before attempting to lift is good practice, don’t be afraid to get your blood flowing with some simple stretches. There is no shame in the buddy system, get help if you think you’ll need it! If management has provided equipment for helping you lift something, use it. Never take a short cut or put yourself in an unsafe position with a load.

28 - Establish a solid base - Bend your knees
- Position yourself close to the load - Lift with your legs -Complete the lift before twisting or turning

29 General Requirements For Mechanical Handling
When moving materials avoid overloading, consider the weight, size, and shape of the material Equipment capacity ratings must be displayed on each piece of equipment and must not be exceeded. Follow safe lifting procedures for the specific machinery in use OSHA requires that all machine operators are trained.

30 Powered Fork Trucks Research data estimates 90 deaths per year attributed to fork truck operation. Operator training was made mandatory for all industries as of March 1, 1999. Employer must train operators using federal guidelines for certification. Equipment that was designed to move earth but will accept forks is not covered, nor are over the road haulage trucks.

31 Powered Fork Trucks Training must incorporate the following subject matter: Familiarization with the Machine Understanding the basics of stability Understanding the forces that cause tip-over Vehicle Inspection Vehicle Operation Load Handling Power Source LGP Handling and Use Battery Charging Other Hands-On Training

32 Powered Fork Trucks Refresher Training must be provided when:
An operator has an incident or near-miss incident An operator is asked to run a different type of truck The operator has been evaluated as not operating in a safe manner Training records must be kept on file after the date of completion for at least three years Operators are not subject to fitness tests OSHA does not require certification cards

33 Waste Material Disposal
All scrap lumber, waste material, and garbage should be removed as work progresses. Disposal of waste material or debris by burning must comply with local fire regulations, borough ordinances, and property owner requirements. All solvent waste, oily rags, and flammable liquids shall be kept in fire resistant covered containers until removed from the worksite.

34 Tool/Machine Hazards Point of Operation Pinch Points Kickbacks
Flying Chips, Material Tool Projection Machine Guarding Tool Safety

35 Point of Operation The point of operation is the place where work is performed on the material. It is the point at which the stock is cut, shaped, bored, or formed. Most woodworking machines use a cutting and/or shearing action.

36 Nip/Pinch Points Nip/pinch points are a special danger arising from rotating or reciprocating parts. They occur whenever machine parts move toward each other or when one part moves past a stationary object. Parts of the body may be caught between or drawn into the nip/pinch point and crushed, mangled, or severed.

37 How do injuries occur at the point of operation?
Employees can be injured if their hands get too close to the blade, particularly when working on small pieces of stock. Stock can get stuck in a blade and actually pull the operator’s hands into the machine. Employees can be injured if the machine or its guard is not properly adjusted or maintained. Contact can occur during machine repair or cleaning if care is not taken to de-energize the machine.

38 Kickbacks Kickbacks occur when a saw seizes the stock and hurls it back at the operator. This can happen when the stock twists and binds against the side of the blades or is caught in the teeth.

39 Flying Chips/Material
Employees may be exposed to splinters and chips that are flung by the cutting actions of woodworking equipment.

40 Tool Projection Many pieces of woodworking equipment employ rotating cutter heads with multiple knives. Cutter heads that are not properly adjusted, or that are poorly mounted or have broken knives, can become unbalanced. The centrifugal forces on an unbalanced cutter head can fling the knives from the tool and injure or kill the operator or other nearby personnel.

41 Machine Guarding Moving machine parts have the potential to cause severe workplace injuries Crushed fingers or hands Amputations Burns or Blindness Safeguards are essential for protecting workers from these preventable injuries. Any machine part, function, or process that may cause injury must be safeguarded. If operation of a machine or accidental contact could injure the operator or others in the vicinity, the hazards must be eliminated or controlled.

42 Tool Safety Ensure all guards are in place and working properly
Use push sticks when needed

43 Tool Safety Ensure employees are properly trained
Inspect tools/machines before using Wear appropriate PPE Operate machines in accordance with manufacturers specifications Don’t wear loose clothing Keep long hair tied back

44 Tool Safety Ensure dust collection devices are working properly
Tool energy source must be disconnected or locked out during repair Work areas must be well lit

45 Standards for Woodworking Machinery
General Requirements for All Machines, 29 CFR Woodworking Machinery Requirements, 29 CFR Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus, 29 CFR Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Explosions in Wood Processing and Woodworking Facilities, NFPA Woodworking Machinery—Safety Requirements, ANSI O

46 Electrical Applicable Standards Basic Terminology Physical Effects
Influencing Factors of a Shock General Requirements Guarding Lock Out/Tag Out Extension Cords Checklist

47 Applicable Standards Electrical standards are among the mostly frequently cited by OSHA No Lock Out/Tag Out Improper Wiring Methods Inadequate Components and Equipment OSHA references the following for guidelines Electric Code (NEC or NFPA 70) Electric Safety Requirements for Employee Workplaces (NFPA 70E)

48 Basic Terminology Amps – The amount of electricity flowing
Volts – The force at which the power flows Ohms – A unit of electrical resistance Watts – A unit of electrical power

49 Physical Effects Amps are the true measure of current absorbed, not volts We are good conductors, the human body is 70% water Involuntary muscle contraction is the reason we are affected Can’t let go of energized object Breathing is impaired Heart rhythm is disrupted

50 Influencing Factors of a Shock
Circumstances that affect the outcome of an electric shock; Circuit voltage The bodies external (skin) and internal resistance Total current flowing through the body Current path The duration of the shock

51 General Requirements Equipment must be free from recognized hazards
Equipment must be suitable and identified as such through listing, labeling, or certification for identified purpose. Parts designed for mechanical strength and durability must be adequate and protective Permanent work stations must be hardwired, wiring must be supported and/or protected by conduit Other items for consideration Electrical insulation under high temperatures Arcing effects Use classifications

52 Guarding Live parts of electrical equipment operating at 50 volts or more must be guarded against accidental contact. Means of acceptable guarding include: Isolation in a cabinet, room, or vault only accessible by qualified persons Use of partitions or screens to exclude unqualified persons Elevation of eight feet or more above the floor Electric installations over 600 volts must be metal-enclosed, enclosed in a vault, or controlled by lock.

53 Lock Out / Tag Out LOTO written program Components
Documented energy control procedures Employee Training program Inspection program

54 Lock Out / Tag Out Purpose is to draw attention to and disable a live energy source during service and repair work. Lock Out physically disables the energy source, Tag Out provides a warning only Only the employee who placed the lock or tag may remove it!

55 Safe Power Shutdown - 5 Steps -
Preparation and Notification– Understanding energy source and alerting all affected employees Shutdown – De-energizing procedure Isolation – Properly locking all power sources Lock & Tag Application Color coding for different trades Employee assigned locks Photo tags, helps locate employee, makes association Control and Verification– Control stored and residual energy with locks in place

56 Reenergizing - 3 Steps - Inspection – checking the work area and surrounding machinery and for employees Notification – Make notice to all affected employees as to what will be re-energized Removal of Tags and Locks

57 Tags and Locks Tags and Locks must be:
Durable – resist conditions of environment Standardized – color code and format Substantial – strong enough to minimize false removal Identifiable – clear message, know who it is protecting

58 Home use, small appliance
Extension Cords Cords with missing ground prongs, insulation breeches, crimping or crushing, must be removed from service. Splicing is prohibited, but new connectors are acceptable When unplugging, pull the plug, never tug on the cord If a cord must cross a vehicle pathway it must be protected OSHA considers an extension cord temporary power, no matter the power source! Service Ratings Hard Service (types S, ST, SO, STO) Junior Hard Service (types SJ, SJO, SJT, SJTO) Home use, small appliance (type SP)

59 Electrical Checklist Extension cords: - No crimping or crushing
- No missing insulation - No signs of stress at plug All extensions cords out of high traffic areas: - Aisleways - Lift Truck Paths - Hallway, entrance, stairwell Lock Out / Tag Out plan for all maintenance operations Equipment rated for duty and environment Proper PPE when necessary GFCI protection cord or tool Awareness of all overhead power lines All tools double insulated

60 Paint & Stain Operations
Spray Booth/Room General Requirements Spray Booth/Room Construction Ventilation Employee Education Standard References

61 General Requirements No smoking in or around spray booths/rooms
Respirators, eye protection, and gloves should be worn during all finishing operations Maintain an eyewash station near area Exhaust filters should be cleaned or replaced on a regular basis

62 Spray Booth/Room Construction
Explosion resistant lighting shall be used inside spray booths/rooms Explosion resistant motors shall be used Motors are not guaranteed as such. Design specifies, “If there is an explosion within the motor, the design will contain it and not allow it in to the atmosphere.” 

63 Spray Booth/Room Construction
Must be substantially constructed Floors and walls must be non combustible materials Interiors must be smooth and continuous, without edges, and designed to prevent accumulation of residues Must be separated from other operations by at least three feet or a wall partition

64 Spray Booth/Room Construction
Installed so that all portions are easily cleaned Hot surfaces such as space heaters, appliances, and steam pipes must be located away from spray-finishing operations All metal parts of spray booths, exhaust ducts, and piping systems must be permanently grounded

65 Ventilation Spray booth/rooms must enclose or confine all paint/spray/finishing operations All spraying areas shall have mechanical ventilation adequate to remove flammable vapors, powders, or mists to a safe location and control combustible residues Is your ventilation adequate for the size of your spray booth/room?

66 Ventilation H x W x 100 = Minimum CFM Open Booth
H = Height of booth opening W = Width of booth opening 100 = minimum fpm over face of booth when operator is present Minimum CFM, Fan must meet or exceed velocity.

67 Ventilation Enclosed Booth
Concentrations of solvents must not exceed 25% of the lower explosive limit A gallon of paint is roughly 50% solvent A conventional gun at full discharge releases up to 12oz/min Consult MSDS for LEL’s of material used Consider size of booth and fan draw (CFM)

68 Ventilation Make up air must be fresh
If outdoor temp is < 55°, make up air must be heated The electric motor driving the exhaust fan must be placed outside the booth or duct Belts and pulleys used to drive the fan must be enclosed Exhaust ducts must be fitted with access doors for cleaning

69 Spray Booth/Room Safety
Ensure employees are familiar with Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) The OSHA standard for spray finishing operations, 29 CFR , provides detailed requirements for the design and construction of spray booths/rooms, air filters, velocity and air flow requirements, and the (make-up) air supplied to the booth/room

70 OSHA REFERENCES FOR FINISHING OPERATIONS
Ventilation, 29 CFR (c) and (d) Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 29 CFR Spray Finishing Using Flammable and Combustible Materials, 29 CFR Respiratory Protection, 29 CFR The Air Contaminants Standards 29 CFR NFPA

71 Dust Collection Systems
Power Requirements Bag Size Noise Exposures Collection Type Accessibility

72 Hazard Communication

73 (SDS) Safety Data Sheets
Four Components Written Program Contains information on how the employer will meet the requirements of the standard Labeling Labels must include information such as the name of the material, manufacturer’s name and address, and hazard warnings (SDS) Safety Data Sheets Contain all important information on a material and must be accessible to employees at any time Employee Training Employees learn the characteristics of the materials

74 Written Plan A Written Plan must address the following issues;
Procedures Related Safety & Health Issues Training Chemical Inventory Labeling Procedures

75 Written Plan What are the chemicals on the job or in the shop?
Who will be exposed to specific chemicals? Are the employees trained prior to work? What is the procedure for clean-up? What is the procedure for first-aid and emergency contact?

76 Labeling – The NFPA Placard
The placard is used on all storage tanks and transfer containers (gas cans, storage vessels). Fire Hazard 4 – Below 73°F 3 – Below 100°F 2 – Above 100°F 1 – Above 200°F 0 – Will Not Burn Health Hazard 4 – Deadly 3 – Extremely Dangerous 2 – Hazardous 1 – Slightly Hazardous 0 – Normal Material Reactivity 4 – Detonate 3 – Shock and Heat may Detonate 2 – Violent Chemical Change 1 – Unstable if Heated 0 - Stable Specific Hazard ACID – Acid COR – Corrosive OXY - Oxidizer 3 1 2 O

77 GHS - Globally Harmonized System
All existing training and right-to-know requirements remain MSDS will be referred to as “Safety Data Sheets” Revision to hazard classification Hazard Category System Classification based on defined chemical data Sheet structure will be uniform New pictures will enhance communication for non-english speaking employees

78 GHS Hazard Communication
Additions to the new standard include: Combustible dust Pyrophoric Gases Simple Asphyxiants Hazards Not Otherwise Classified (HNOC) – any substance that is known to be hazardous but does not conform to the hazard categories Classification allows additions to be made at a later date

79 Labeling Product Identifier - Must match the identifier on the SDS and include the chemical identity of the substance /mixture ingredients that create hazard. Pictograms - Image conveys chemical hazards. (black symbol, white field, all inside red diamond) Signal Word - indicates the severity of the product’s hazard. “Danger” = severe hazards “Warning” = less sever hazards. Hazard Statements - based on the nature of the product’s hazardous contents. Supplier Identification – must include the name, address and telephone number used to locate or communicate with the manufacturer or supplier.

80 Labeling Precautionary Statements -  informs the reader about how to prevent the hazards of storing or handling the product . Four categories: Prevention Response Storage Disposal Other Elements – A competent person may add content to the label as long as it does not interfere with the label structure or confuse the user Transport pictograms Precautionary pictograms First-aid recommendations Universal product codes General usage information

81 Labeling Identifier 1 Pictograms 2 Signal words 3 Hazard Statement 4
Precautions 5 Supplier Identification 6

82 Labeling It is the employer’s responsibility to ensure that all containers of hazardous substances in the workplace are labeled Never remove a label Container size is irrelevant, all containers must be labeled The only labeling exception is “Immediate Use”, employee has 100% control of material.

83 (SDS) Safety Data Sheets
The SDS give vital information on the behavior of a material: Physical Data Reactivity with other chemicals Emergency First-Aid Procedures Hazard Information Prolonged and Acute Health Effects

84 New SDS Structure The format should include the following sections:
1. Identification 2. Hazard(s) identification 3. Composition/information on ingredients 4. First-Aid measures 5. Fire-fighting measures 6. Accidental release measures 7. Handling and storage 8. Exposure controls/personal protection

85 New “SDS” Structure Format cont… 9. Physical and chemical properties
10. Stability and reactivity 11. Toxicological information 12. Ecological information 13. Disposal considerations 14. Transport information 15. Regulatory information 16. Other information, including date of preparation or last revision

86 Definition of Physical States
Gas - a substance or mixture which at 50°C (122°F)has a vapor pressure greater than 300 kPa; or is completely gaseous at 20°C (68°F) and a standard pressure of kPa. Liquid - a substance or mixture that is not a gas and which has a melting point or initial melting point of 20°C (68°F) or less at standard pressure of kPa. Solid - a substance or mixture that does not meet the definitions of a liquid or a gas.

87 SDS Pictograms Hazard Categories
Provides a visual representation of the hazard Hazard Categories Health Hazard Explosion Corrosives Toxicity Flammable Environmental Irritants Compressed Gas Oxidizer

88 Health Hazard Carcinogen Mutagenicity Reproductive Toxicity
Respiratory Sensitizer Target Organ Toxicity Aspiration Toxicity

89 Corrosives Skin Corrosion/ burns Eye Damage Corrosive to Metals

90 Flammable Flammables Pyrophorics Self-Heating Emits Flammable Gas
Self-Reactives Organic Peroxides

91 Irritant Irritant (skin and eye) Skin Sensitizer
Acute Toxicity (harmful) Narcotic Effects Respiratory Tract Irritant

92 Explosion Explosives Self-Reactives Organic Peroxides

93 Toxicity Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)

94 Environmental Hazardous to Ozone Layer Aquatic Toxicity

95 Compressed Gas Gases under Pressure

96 Oxidizer Could yield oxygen and contribute to combustion.

97 (SDS) Safety Data Sheets
Small quantities of (household use) products purchased from retail stores do not require an SDS, unless exposure is increased and constant. If a supplier will not provide an SDS, they are required to tell you how to get it. It is good practice to carry an SDS manual in a field vehicle, but not necessary. SDS’s must be accessible to an OSHA inspector during the shift. Faxing from the main office is acceptable.

98 (SDS) Safety Data Sheets
Materials and Chemicals that require an SDS: Paint & Stains Brick & Block Fuels & Lubricants Sheetrock Solvents Compressed Gas Pesticides, Insecticides Welding Rods Adhesives Insulation Cleaning Agents Treated Lumber

99 Employee Training Employees must be trained on every new chemical in which they come in contact Acute and chronic health effects Proper handling and use Proper storage Clean-Up procedures Proper disposal Accessing information (SDS Manual)

100 Job-Site Compliance All contractors are responsible for providing SDS for the chemicals/materials they bring to the site. Other contractors must be made aware of potential hazards created by chemicals/materials brought on-site.

101 Common Job-Site Exposures
Sheetrock work – sanding and cutting Lawn Maintenance and Landscaping – fertilizers and fuels Masonry - cutting and mixing Insulation - blown and batting, cutting or spraying installation Fabrication or repair - compressed gas welding rods Pest control - mixing and spraying Carpentry – cutting, sanding, installation

102 Additional OSHA Requirements
Employers must present information in a manner and language that their employees can understand. Employers must communicate the training in the employee’s language. If the employee has a limited vocabulary or is illiterate the training must account for that.

103 Compliance Dates Dec. 1, 2013 Train all employees on the new label elements and Safety Data Sheet format June 1, 2015 Comply with all modified provisions of this rule, except distributors that are allowed to ship products labeled by manufacturers under the old system until Dec 1, 2015 Dec 1, 2015 Comply with all modified provisions of the rule June 1, 2016 Update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards

104 Hazard Communication Checklist
Inventory of Chemicals Used Match Chemicals With Exposures Obtain all SDS Safe Work Practices for Each Chemical Identify SDS Storage Location Employees Educated on Potential Exposures Employees Know Location of SDS Employees Trained on Use of Material All Containers Labeled Notify Other Contractors When Necessary

105 Personal Protective Equipment
General Requirements Foot Protection Head Protection Hearing Protection Eye & Face Protection Respiratory Protection

106 General Requirements Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be maintained and provided by the employer when necessary. If an employee provides his/her own equipment, the employer is still responsible to make sure it is adequate and well maintained. PPE is to be used as a last means of controlling an exposure. Engineering and administrative controls should be used first when possible.

107 Foot Protection Safety footwear must comply with ANSI Z41.1
Required for: Any material handling process where something could be dropped on the foot Bulk material handling processes Work around sharp objects that could penetrate and puncture foot

108 Head Protection All hard hats must comply with ANSI standard Z89.1, and Z89.2 for employees exposed to high voltage electric shock. Bump Caps are not acceptable for construction use under these standards.

109 Head Protection Employees must wear hard hats if there is any possibility of; Being struck by an object falling from a higher level A flying object Electrical shock

110 Hearing Protection Engineering and Administrative controls should be applied when feasible. Ear plugs must be fitted under the direction of a competent person. Plain cotton is not an acceptable hearing protection device. **Remember** If you are arms length from the person talking to you and cannot hear them, its time for hearing protection!

111 Three Components of Hearing
Sound A sound can be intermittent or continuous or a combination of both. Intensity is also a factor. Path Distance, terrain, and medium of travel play a part. Receiver The average unimpaired hearing range of a person is 20 to 20,000 Hz

112 Facts and Numbers 85 decibels is considered the “Action Level” or the level at which an employee must be enrolled in a HCP (hearing conservation program) and notified of their results. The permissible exposure level for a time weighted average over an eight hour period is 90 decibels. The level at which dual hearing protection must be worn is 105 decibels. The maximum allowable exposure level at any one time during the shift is 115 decibels.

113 Components of a Hearing Conservation Program
Monitoring Hearing Protection Audiometric Testing Training Record Keeping

114 Muffs vs. Plugs Product will have a Noise Reduction Rating or NRR
Rating indicates the performance of the device

115 Average NRR for devices shown:
Muffs Plugs Average NRR for devices shown: 28.66 23.66

116 Calculating Noise Reduction using the NRR
When C-weighted sound level measurement is available, the following formula should be used to calculate the required NRR Noise Level in dB(C) - Protector NRR = 90 dB(A) or less. When A-weighted sound level measurement is available, the following formula should be used to calculate the required NRR. Noise Level in dB(A) - (Protector NRR - 7 dB) = 90 dB(A) or less

117 How to insert an Ear Plug
Grab the top/back of the ear. Gently pull up and backward. (If disposable foam) Roll the plug between the forefinger and thumb until it is completely compressed. Gently slide the plug in the ear canal. (If disposable foam) Let the plug expand.

118 Eye & Face Protection All eye and face equipment must comply with ANSI Z87.1 standards. Employers must provide protection when employees are exposed to any and all potential flying debris. ANSI compliant side shields applied to conventional glasses do not make them safety glasses!

119 Eye & Face Protection The standard covers general eye protection, eye protection for welding, and laser applications. Tables E-1, E-2, and E-3 tell us minimum performance requirements for our applications.

120 Respiratory Protection
Industry Standard Employer must choose the right application for the job.

121 Respiratory Protection
Dust Masks are for nuisance dusts only. Respirators are made to filter harmful contaminants from the air. Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) is suitable for atmospheres that are both oxygen deficient and contain harmful contaminants.

122 Respiratory Protection
Employees that have to wear respirators must receive the following: Pulmonary Function Test Respirator Fit Testing Education on devices capabilities Storage, cleaning, and regular inspection procedures Regularly monitored work area and conditions

123 Respirator Fit Testing
Quantitative A pass/fail test to assess respirator fit. Relies on the individual's response to the test agent. (recognizable scents) Qualitative Assesses a respirator’s effectiveness by numerically measuring the amount of leakage into the respirator.

124 Respirator Fit Testing
Adjust straps and other connecting or fitting devices so that face seal is snug but comfortable. Positive Pressure Test: Place hand over blowout diaphragm and exhale, the mask should first expand, then release around the face seal. Negative Pressure Test: Place hands over the cartridges and inhale, the mask should collapse into the face. If no leaks are discovered, and wearer can sense no surrounding odors, mask is fitted properly. Facial hair that interferes with a proper seal is prohibited.

125 Emergency Procedures Emergency Evacuation plan Fire Safety
Basic First Aid

126 Are you Prepared? Does the facility have a first aid kit?
Are emergency contact numbers readily available? Do any of your employees/co-workers have CPR or First Aid training? Does the facility have an evacuation procedure?

127 Emergency Evacuation Plan
Employees must be educated on all emergency evacuation plan specifics Exit map must be conspicuously posted Ensure primary and secondary routes are unobstructed

128 Emergency Evacuation Plan
Assemble outside the facility at pre-determined area for a head count Identify who is responsible for head count Identify who is responsible for emergency power shut down Identify who will make appropriate emergency phone calls No one reenters facility until emergency is over

129 Fire Safety Good house keeping is key to preventing fires
- Do not use compressed air to blow sawdust - Keep evacuation routes/exits clear - Clean up daily

130 Fire Safety Develop a system to alert employees in the event of a fire
Ensure exits are properly marked (steel roll up doors are not acceptable as fire exits) Ensure adequate number of extinguishers for size of building (no more than 75 ft. of travel) Ensure employees know extinguisher location Train employees on proper operation of extinguishers

131 Fire Extinguishers Fire extinguishers must be selected and provided for the types of materials in areas where they are to be used Class A, Ordinary combustible material fires.     Class B, Flammable liquid, gas or grease fires.     Class C, Energized-electrical equipment fires.   Fire extinguishers should be mounted within 75 feet of outside areas containing flammable liquids, and within 10 feet of any inside storage area for such materials   Access to extinguishers should be free from obstructions or blockage  Fire extinguishers must be serviced, maintained, and tagged at least once a year 

132 Ordinary Combustibles
Extinguishers Ordinary Combustibles Includes materials such as wood and paper Flammable Liquids Includes fuels, grease, other liquids Electrical Fires Contains non-conductive smothering agent

133 Fire Extinguisher Inspection
Body of the extinguisher; rust, cracks, dents Check hose for cracks, dry-rot All fittings snug, no signs of leaks Lever and hinge assembly Safety pin in place, safety tie present Inspection tag, present and up to date Pressure gauge, needle in the green

134 How to use a Fire Extinguisher
P-A-S-S Pull -- Pull the pin at the top of the extinguisher that keeps the handle from being activated Aim -- Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire Squeeze -- Maintain a distance of eight to ten feet away from the fire and squeeze the handle. Discharge will only occur if the handle is being squeezed. Sweep -- Sweep the nozzle back and forth at the base of the fire until it appears to be out.

135 Basic First Aid The OSHA First Aid standard (29 CFR ) requires trained first-aid providers at all workplaces of any size if there is no “infirmary, clinic, or hospital in near proximity to the workplace which is used for the treatment of all injured employees.”

136 Handling an Emergency The three C’s, Check, Call, Care help us remember what to do in an emergency situation. Check – check the area for your own safety first, then the victim's Call – for help, 911 or whom ever is in the immediate area that can provide assistance Care - administer care to the victim, this may be first aid or at least stabilization


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