Presentation on theme: "CABINET SHOP SAFETY These handouts and documents with attachments are not final, complete, or definitive instruments. This information is for guidance."— Presentation transcript:
1 CABINET SHOP SAFETYThese handouts and documents with attachments are not final, complete, or definitive instruments. This information is for guidance purposes only. You should independently verify and satisfy yourself as to its accuracy. The AHBSIF does not assume any liability for damages arising from the use of this information or exhibits and attachments thereto and renders no opinion that any of the terms, conditions, and/or cited federal standards in this document and the exhibits and attachments should be explicitly followed by the fund member. Seek specific guidance from the appropriate regulator (OSHA) or professional advisor.
2 ScopeThis guide was created to assist cabinet shop/wood fabrication shop owners on how to eliminate or control common safety exposures.This is not a definitive or comprehensive plan for this type of work.Please consult necessary safety sources when developing your own site specific plan.
3 TABLE OF CONTENTS Signage Material Storage and Handling Tool/Machine HazardsElectricalPaint & Stain OperationsDust Collection SystemsHazard CommunicationPersonal Protective EquipmentEmergency Procedures
4 Signage Walking and Working Surfaces Exit Routes Visitor Warnings Permanent Aisles and passageways must be appropriately markedRoutes can be delineated with floor paint or physical barrierExit RoutesEach exit must be clearly visible and marked“EXIT” must be legible and no less than six inches high and three quarters of an inch wideMust have an illumination rating of 5 foot-candles on permanent power, self luminescent or electroluminescent .06 footlambertsAll doors not an exit must be labeled as such (e.g. closet)Visitor WarningsMust alert all visitors to potential exposures/hazards of facilityPrevent entrance from unauthorized personnelHazardous Material StorageLocation must be fenced and posted to prevent entrance from unauthorized personnel
5 Signage Flammable and Combustible Liquids Spray Finishing Storage cabinet where flammable and combustible liquids are stored must be conspicuously labeledSpray Finishing“NO SMOKING”All spraying areas and paint storage roomsPersonal Protective EquipmentFor processes that require specific protective equipmentAccident Prevention SignsColor specifications are found in Subpart J“DANGER” (red-black-white)“CAUTION” (yellow-black)“WARNING” (no uniform color code)Listed colors must meet ANSI Z
6 Signage Fire Protection Materials Handling Radial Arm Saws Location of extinguishers shall be labeled so location is easily identifiableMaterials HandlingAll permanent aisleways where mechanical equipment operates will be appropriately markedSufficient safe clearances maintained with no aisle obstructionOverhead gantry cranes must display rated load mark on both sidesEach hoisting unit must display rated loadRated load marks must be visible from floorDuring maintenance crane must be labeled “OUT OF ORDER” and floor space below must also be labeledRadial Arm SawsThe direction of saw rotation must be conspicuously marked on the hood
7 Signage Electrical Hazard Communication Breaker panel must display manufacturer’s name, trademark, or other descriptive identificationMust provide voltage, current, wattage, and other ratingsLabels must withstand the environmentAll breaker switches inside the panel must be labeledCovers for boxes ≥ 600v must be permanently marked “HIGH VOLTAGE”, must be on the outside of the box and highly visibleLock out Tag Out, see electrical portion of guideHazard CommunicationSee Hazard Communication portion of guide
9 Signage Mandatory Postings OSHA 300 logs Citations 300A, Summary of Work-Related Injuries and IllnessesMust be filed on an annual basis even if there are no injuriesSummary from the following year must be posted from February 1st to April 30th of current yearMust be certified by a companies highest officerCitationsEmployer must post copy of citations at inspection location for three days or until violations are abated, whichever is longer.
11 Material Storage & Handling General Storage RequirementsFlammable and Combustible LiquidsManual HandlingGeneral Mechanical HandlingFork TrucksWaste Material Disposal
12 General Storage Requirements Storage areas must be kept free from materials that may cause tripping, fires, or explosions.Storage areas should not block or intrude on facility pathwaysWhen stacking and piling materials considerHeightWeightAccessibilityCondition of the container
13 General Storage Requirements Compressed gas cylinders must be secured and upright. Different gases must be separated by at least 20 ft. or by partition with specific dimension and fire retardant capabilities.Observe height limitations for stacked materials.Ex. Lumber must be stacked no more than 16 ft. high if it is handled manually, 20 ft. for forklift useUsed lumber must have all nails removed before stacking.Lumber must be stacked and leveled on solidly supported bracing.
14 General Storage Requirements Bags and bundles must be stacked in interlocking rows.Drums, barrels, and kegs must be stacked symmetrically. If stored on their sides, the bottom tiers must be blocked.Boxed materials must be banded and baled.Paper or rags stored inside a trailer must not be closer than 18 inches to walls, partitions, or sprinkler heads.Non-compatible materials must be separated in storage.
15 General Storage Requirements Consider availability of the material, safe movement of material handling equipment, and personnel.Any employee required to work in stored material vessels shall be equipped with a personal fall arrest system.When a difference in work levels exists, some means of smooth transition must be employed, i.e. grading, ramps, blocking.
16 General Storage Requirements If space above office or any other elevated area is used for storage, handrails must be installed per the OSHA’s handrail requirementsTop Rail height: 42” (+ or – 3”)Mid Rail height: 21” (+ or – 3”)Must be able to support 200 lbs of outward and downward force on the top, 150 lbs on the mid railToe Boards are necessary only if an exposure exists for those below
17 Flammable Liquid Classification Flammable Liquid refers to any liquid having a flash point below 100° FFP - Flash Point BP - Boiling PointClass IAClass IBClass ICFP < 73°FP ≥ 73°BP < 100°BP ≥ 100°
18 Combustible Liquid Classification Combustible Liquid refers to any liquid having a flash at or above 100° FFP - Flash PointClass IIClass IIIAClass IIIBFP ≥ 100°FP ≥ 140°FP ≥ 200°FP < 140°FP < 200°
19 Flammable and Combustible Liquids The quantity of flammable or combustible liquid that may kept outside of a storage room or cabinet inside the building shall not exceed:25 gallons of Class IA liquids in containers120 gallons of Class IB, IC, II, III liquids in containers660 gallons of Class IB, IC, II, III liquids in a single portable tank
20 Inside Storage Rooms Shall be of fire resistant construction Liquid tight were the walls join the floorHave approved self closing doors at all openingsAt least 4” sills, ramps, or depressed floors or open integrated trench which drains to safe location
21 Inside Storage RoomsA ventilation system that provides at least six room changes / hourFor Class I liquids, electrical wiring approved for hazardous locationsExplosion resistant lighting fixturesWood at least 1 inch nominal thickness for shelving, racks, dunnage, scuffboards, floor overlay, and similar installations
22 Flammable StorageAll solvent wastes and flammable liquids must be kept in fire-resistant, covered containers until they are removed from the worksiteFirm separation should be placed between containers of combustibles or flammables, when stacked one upon another, to assure their support and stability Permanently installed sprinkler system heads must not spray into operating electrical switch boards and equipment
23 Flammable LiquidsSpills of flammable or combustible liquids must be cleaned up promptly Storage tanks must be adequately vented to prevent the development of excessive vacuum or pressure as a result of filling, emptying, or atmosphere temperature changes Storage tanks must also be equipped with emergency venting that will relieve excessive internal pressure caused by fire exposureInsure that all connections on drums and combustible liquid piping and vapor are liquid tight
24 Flammable LiquidsUse approved metal safety cans for handling of any flammable liquids in quantity greater than a gallonKeep flammable liquids in closed containers when not in use (example: parts cleaning tanks, pans, etc.) Ground and bond bulk drums of flammable liquids to containers during dispensing
25 Combustible StorageCombustible scrap, debris, and waste materials (oily rags, etc.) should be stored and removed from the worksite as promptly as possible Proper storage practiced to minimize the risk of fire including spontaneous combustionKeep combustible materials away from potential ignition sourcesNever store flammable or combustible liquids in access or egress areas
26 General Requirements For Manual Handling Employees should seek help when:A load is so bulky it cannot be properly grasped or liftedAn employee can’t see around or over itA load cannot be safely handled.Personal Protective equipment is an integral part of safe handling procedures.Boots with sturdy solesGlovesForearm ProtectionSafety Glasses
27 Mechanics of Proper Lifting The following slides will demonstrate the basics of proper lifting techniqueDon’t forget these basics;Warming up before attempting to lift is good practice, don’t be afraid to get your blood flowing with some simple stretches.There is no shame in the buddy system, get help if you think you’ll need it!If management has provided equipment for helping you lift something, use it. Never take a short cut or put yourself in an unsafe position with a load.
28 - Establish a solid base - Bend your knees - Position yourself close to the load - Lift with your legs-Complete the lift before twisting or turning
29 General Requirements For Mechanical Handling When moving materials avoid overloading, consider the weight, size, and shape of the materialEquipment capacity ratings must be displayed on each piece of equipment and must not be exceeded.Follow safe lifting procedures for the specific machinery in useOSHA requires that all machine operators are trained.
30 Powered Fork TrucksResearch data estimates 90 deaths per year attributed to fork truck operation.Operator training was made mandatory for all industries as of March 1, 1999.Employer must train operators using federal guidelines for certification.Equipment that was designed to move earth but will accept forks is not covered, nor are over the road haulage trucks.
31 Powered Fork TrucksTraining must incorporate the following subject matter:Familiarization with the MachineUnderstanding the basics of stabilityUnderstanding the forces that cause tip-overVehicle InspectionVehicle OperationLoad HandlingPower SourceLGP Handling and UseBattery ChargingOtherHands-On Training
32 Powered Fork Trucks Refresher Training must be provided when: An operator has an incident or near-miss incidentAn operator is asked to run a different type of truckThe operator has been evaluated as not operating in a safe mannerTraining records must be kept on file after the date of completion for at least three yearsOperators are not subject to fitness testsOSHA does not require certification cards
33 Waste Material Disposal All scrap lumber, waste material, and garbage should be removed as work progresses.Disposal of waste material or debris by burning must comply with local fire regulations, borough ordinances, and property owner requirements.All solvent waste, oily rags, and flammable liquids shall be kept in fire resistant covered containers until removed from the worksite.
34 Tool/Machine Hazards Point of Operation Pinch Points Kickbacks Flying Chips, MaterialTool ProjectionMachine GuardingTool Safety
35 Point of OperationThe point of operation is the place where work is performed on the material.It is the point at which the stock is cut, shaped, bored, or formed.Most woodworking machines use a cutting and/or shearing action.
36 Nip/Pinch PointsNip/pinch points are a special danger arising from rotating or reciprocating parts. They occur whenever machine parts move toward each other or when one part moves past a stationary object. Parts of the body may be caught between or drawn into the nip/pinch point and crushed, mangled, or severed.
37 How do injuries occur at the point of operation? Employees can be injured if their hands get too close to the blade, particularly when working on small pieces of stock.Stock can get stuck in a blade and actually pull the operator’s hands into the machine.Employees can be injured if the machine or its guard is not properly adjusted or maintained.Contact can occur during machine repair or cleaning if care is not taken to de-energize the machine.
38 KickbacksKickbacks occur when a saw seizes the stock and hurls it back at the operator. This can happen when the stock twists and binds against the side of the blades or is caught in the teeth.
39 Flying Chips/Material Employees may be exposed to splinters and chips that are flung by the cutting actions of woodworking equipment.
40 Tool ProjectionMany pieces of woodworking equipment employ rotating cutter heads with multiple knives. Cutter heads that are not properly adjusted, or that are poorly mounted or have broken knives, can become unbalanced. The centrifugal forces on an unbalanced cutter head can fling the knives from the tool and injure or kill the operator or other nearby personnel.
41 Machine GuardingMoving machine parts have the potential to cause severe workplace injuriesCrushed fingers or handsAmputationsBurns or BlindnessSafeguards are essential for protecting workers from these preventable injuries.Any machine part, function, or process that may cause injury must be safeguarded.If operation of a machine or accidental contact could injure the operator or others in the vicinity, the hazards must be eliminated or controlled.
42 Tool Safety Ensure all guards are in place and working properly Use push sticks when needed
43 Tool Safety Ensure employees are properly trained Inspect tools/machines before usingWear appropriate PPEOperate machines in accordance with manufacturers specificationsDon’t wear loose clothingKeep long hair tied back
44 Tool Safety Ensure dust collection devices are working properly Tool energy source must be disconnected or locked out during repairWork areas must be well lit
45 Standards for Woodworking Machinery General Requirements for All Machines,29 CFRWoodworking Machinery Requirements,29 CFRMechanical Power Transmission Apparatus,29 CFRStandard for the Prevention of Fires andExplosions in Wood Processing andWoodworking Facilities, NFPAWoodworking Machinery—Safety Requirements,ANSI O
46 Electrical Applicable Standards Basic Terminology Physical Effects Influencing Factors of a ShockGeneral RequirementsGuardingLock Out/Tag OutExtension CordsChecklist
47 Applicable StandardsElectrical standards are among the mostly frequently cited by OSHANo Lock Out/Tag OutImproper Wiring MethodsInadequate Components and EquipmentOSHA references the following for guidelinesElectric Code (NEC or NFPA 70)Electric Safety Requirements for Employee Workplaces (NFPA 70E)
48 Basic Terminology Amps – The amount of electricity flowing Volts – The force at which the power flowsOhms – A unit of electrical resistanceWatts – A unit of electrical power
49 Physical EffectsAmps are the true measure of current absorbed, not voltsWe are good conductors, the human body is 70% waterInvoluntary muscle contraction is the reason we are affectedCan’t let go of energized objectBreathing is impairedHeart rhythm is disrupted
50 Influencing Factors of a Shock Circumstances that affect the outcome of an electric shock;Circuit voltageThe bodies external (skin) and internal resistanceTotal current flowing through the bodyCurrent pathThe duration of the shock
51 General Requirements Equipment must be free from recognized hazards Equipment must be suitable and identified as such through listing, labeling, or certification for identified purpose.Parts designed for mechanical strength and durability must be adequate and protectivePermanent work stations must be hardwired, wiring must be supported and/or protected by conduitOther items for considerationElectrical insulation under high temperaturesArcing effectsUse classifications
52 GuardingLive parts of electrical equipment operating at 50 volts or more must be guarded against accidental contact.Means of acceptable guarding include:Isolation in a cabinet, room, or vault only accessible by qualified personsUse of partitions or screens to exclude unqualified personsElevation of eight feet or more above the floorElectric installations over 600 volts must be metal-enclosed, enclosed in a vault, or controlled by lock.
53 Lock Out / Tag Out LOTO written program Components Documented energy control proceduresEmployee Training programInspection program
54 Lock Out / Tag OutPurpose is to draw attention to and disable a live energy source during service and repair work.Lock Out physically disables the energy source, Tag Out provides a warning onlyOnly the employee who placed the lock or tag may remove it!
55 Safe Power Shutdown - 5 Steps - Preparation and Notification– Understanding energy source and alerting all affected employeesShutdown – De-energizing procedureIsolation – Properly locking all power sourcesLock & Tag ApplicationColor coding for different tradesEmployee assigned locksPhoto tags, helps locate employee, makes associationControl and Verification– Control stored and residual energy with locks in place
56 Reenergizing - 3 Steps -Inspection – checking the work area and surrounding machinery and for employeesNotification – Make notice to all affected employees as to what will be re-energizedRemoval of Tags and Locks
57 Tags and Locks Tags and Locks must be: Durable – resist conditions of environmentStandardized – color code and formatSubstantial – strong enough to minimize false removalIdentifiable – clear message, know who it is protecting
58 Home use, small appliance Extension CordsCords with missing ground prongs, insulation breeches, crimping or crushing, must be removed from service.Splicing is prohibited, but new connectors are acceptableWhen unplugging, pull the plug, never tug on the cordIf a cord must cross a vehicle pathway it must be protectedOSHA considers an extension cord temporary power, no matter the power source!Service RatingsHard Service(types S, ST, SO, STO)Junior Hard Service(types SJ, SJO, SJT, SJTO)Home use, small appliance(type SP)
59 Electrical Checklist Extension cords: - No crimping or crushing - No missing insulation- No signs of stress at plugAll extensions cords out of high traffic areas:- Aisleways- Lift Truck Paths- Hallway, entrance, stairwellLock Out / Tag Out plan for all maintenance operationsEquipment rated for duty and environmentProper PPE when necessaryGFCI protection cord or toolAwareness of all overhead power linesAll tools double insulated
61 General Requirements No smoking in or around spray booths/rooms Respirators, eye protection, and gloves should be worn during all finishing operationsMaintain an eyewash station near areaExhaust filters should be cleaned or replaced on a regular basis
62 Spray Booth/Room Construction Explosion resistant lighting shall be used inside spray booths/roomsExplosion resistant motors shall be usedMotors are not guaranteed as such. Design specifies,“If there is an explosion within the motor, the design will contain it and not allow it in to the atmosphere.”
63 Spray Booth/Room Construction Must be substantially constructedFloors and walls must be non combustible materialsInteriors must be smooth and continuous, without edges, and designed to prevent accumulation of residuesMust be separated from other operations by at least three feet or a wall partition
64 Spray Booth/Room Construction Installed so that all portions are easily cleanedHot surfaces such as space heaters, appliances, and steam pipes must be located away from spray-finishing operationsAll metal parts of spray booths, exhaust ducts, and piping systems must be permanently grounded
65 VentilationSpray booth/rooms must enclose or confine all paint/spray/finishing operationsAll spraying areas shall have mechanical ventilation adequate to remove flammable vapors, powders, or mists to a safe location and control combustible residuesIs your ventilation adequate for the size of your spray booth/room?
66 Ventilation H x W x 100 = Minimum CFM Open Booth H = Height of booth openingW = Width of booth opening100 = minimum fpm over face of booth when operator is presentMinimum CFM, Fan must meet or exceed velocity.
67 Ventilation Enclosed Booth Concentrations of solvents must not exceed 25% of the lower explosive limitA gallon of paint is roughly 50% solventA conventional gun at full discharge releases up to 12oz/minConsult MSDS for LEL’s of material usedConsider size of booth and fan draw (CFM)
68 Ventilation Make up air must be fresh If outdoor temp is < 55°, make up air must be heatedThe electric motor driving the exhaust fan must be placed outside the booth or ductBelts and pulleys used to drive the fan must be enclosedExhaust ducts must be fitted with access doors for cleaning
69 Spray Booth/Room Safety Ensure employees are familiar with Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)The OSHA standard for spray finishing operations, 29 CFR , provides detailed requirements for the design and construction of spray booths/rooms, air filters, velocity and air flow requirements, and the (make-up) air supplied to the booth/room
70 OSHA REFERENCES FOR FINISHING OPERATIONS Ventilation, 29 CFR (c) and (d)Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 29 CFRSpray Finishing Using Flammable and Combustible Materials, 29 CFRRespiratory Protection, 29 CFRThe Air Contaminants Standards 29 CFRNFPA
71 Dust Collection Systems Power RequirementsBag SizeNoise ExposuresCollection TypeAccessibility
73 (SDS) Safety Data Sheets Four ComponentsWritten ProgramContains information on how the employer will meet the requirements of the standardLabelingLabels must include information such as the name of the material, manufacturer’s name and address, and hazard warnings(SDS) Safety Data SheetsContain all important information on a material and must be accessible to employees at any timeEmployee TrainingEmployees learn the characteristics of the materials
74 Written Plan A Written Plan must address the following issues; ProceduresRelated Safety & Health IssuesTrainingChemical InventoryLabeling Procedures
75 Written Plan What are the chemicals on the job or in the shop? Who will be exposed to specific chemicals?Are the employees trained prior to work?What is the procedure for clean-up?What is the procedure for first-aid and emergency contact?
76 Labeling – The NFPA Placard The placard is used on all storage tanks and transfer containers (gas cans, storage vessels).Fire Hazard4 – Below 73°F3 – Below 100°F2 – Above 100°F1 – Above 200°F0 – Will Not BurnHealth Hazard4 – Deadly3 – Extremely Dangerous2 – Hazardous1 – Slightly Hazardous0 – Normal MaterialReactivity4 – Detonate3 – Shock and Heat may Detonate2 – Violent Chemical Change1 – Unstable if Heated0 - StableSpecific HazardACID – AcidCOR – CorrosiveOXY - Oxidizer312O
77 GHS - Globally Harmonized System All existing training and right-to-know requirements remainMSDS will be referred to as “Safety Data Sheets”Revision to hazard classificationHazard Category SystemClassification based on defined chemical dataSheet structure will be uniformNew pictures will enhance communication for non-english speaking employees
78 GHS Hazard Communication Additions to the new standard include:Combustible dustPyrophoric GasesSimple AsphyxiantsHazards Not Otherwise Classified (HNOC) – any substance that is known to be hazardous but does not conform to the hazard categoriesClassification allows additions to be made at a later date
79 LabelingProduct Identifier - Must match the identifier on the SDS and include the chemical identity of the substance /mixture ingredients that create hazard.Pictograms - Image conveys chemical hazards. (black symbol, white field, all inside red diamond)Signal Word - indicates the severity of the product’s hazard.“Danger” = severe hazards“Warning” = less sever hazards.Hazard Statements - based on the nature of the product’s hazardous contents.Supplier Identification – must include the name, address and telephone number used to locate or communicate with the manufacturer or supplier.
80 LabelingPrecautionary Statements - informs the reader about how to prevent the hazards of storing or handling the product . Four categories:PreventionResponseStorageDisposalOther Elements – A competent person may add content to the label as long as it does not interfere with the label structure or confuse the userTransport pictogramsPrecautionary pictogramsFirst-aid recommendationsUniversal product codesGeneral usage information
81 Labeling Identifier 1 Pictograms 2 Signal words 3 Hazard Statement 4 Precautions 5Supplier Identification 6
82 LabelingIt is the employer’s responsibility to ensure that all containers of hazardous substances in the workplace are labeledNever remove a labelContainer size is irrelevant, all containers must be labeledThe only labeling exception is “Immediate Use”, employee has 100% control of material.
83 (SDS) Safety Data Sheets The SDS give vital information on the behavior of a material:Physical DataReactivity with otherchemicalsEmergency First-Aid ProceduresHazard InformationProlonged and Acute Health Effects
84 New SDS Structure The format should include the following sections: 1. Identification2. Hazard(s) identification3. Composition/information on ingredients4. First-Aid measures5. Fire-fighting measures6. Accidental release measures7. Handling and storage8. Exposure controls/personal protection
85 New “SDS” Structure Format cont… 9. Physical and chemical properties 10. Stability and reactivity11. Toxicological information12. Ecological information13. Disposal considerations14. Transport information15. Regulatory information16. Other information, including date of preparation or last revision
86 Definition of Physical States Gas - a substance or mixture which at 50°C (122°F)has a vapor pressure greater than 300 kPa; or is completely gaseous at 20°C (68°F) and a standard pressure of kPa.Liquid - a substance or mixture that is not a gas and which has a melting point or initial melting point of 20°C (68°F) or less at standard pressure of kPa.Solid - a substance or mixture that does not meet the definitions of a liquid or a gas.
87 SDS Pictograms Hazard Categories Provides a visual representation of the hazardHazard CategoriesHealth HazardExplosionCorrosivesToxicityFlammableEnvironmentalIrritantsCompressed GasOxidizer
88 Health Hazard Carcinogen Mutagenicity Reproductive Toxicity Respiratory SensitizerTarget Organ ToxicityAspiration Toxicity
89 CorrosivesSkin Corrosion/ burnsEye DamageCorrosive to Metals
90 Flammable Flammables Pyrophorics Self-Heating Emits Flammable Gas Self-ReactivesOrganic Peroxides
96 OxidizerCould yield oxygen and contribute to combustion.
97 (SDS) Safety Data Sheets Small quantities of (household use) products purchased from retail stores do not require an SDS, unless exposure is increased and constant.If a supplier will not provide an SDS, they are required to tell you how to get it.It is good practice to carry an SDS manual in a field vehicle, but not necessary. SDS’s must be accessible to an OSHA inspector during the shift. Faxing from the main office is acceptable.
98 (SDS) Safety Data Sheets Materials and Chemicals that require an SDS:Paint & StainsBrick & BlockFuels & LubricantsSheetrockSolventsCompressed GasPesticides, InsecticidesWelding RodsAdhesivesInsulationCleaning AgentsTreated Lumber
99 Employee TrainingEmployees must be trained on every new chemical in which they come in contactAcute and chronic health effectsProper handling and useProper storageClean-Up proceduresProper disposalAccessing information (SDS Manual)
100 Job-Site ComplianceAll contractors are responsible for providing SDS for the chemicals/materials they bring to the site.Other contractors must be made aware of potential hazards created by chemicals/materials brought on-site.
101 Common Job-Site Exposures Sheetrock work – sanding and cuttingLawn Maintenance and Landscaping – fertilizers and fuelsMasonry - cutting and mixingInsulation - blown and batting, cutting or spraying installationFabrication or repair - compressed gas welding rodsPest control - mixing and sprayingCarpentry – cutting, sanding, installation
102 Additional OSHA Requirements Employers must present information in a manner and language that their employees can understand.Employers must communicate the training in the employee’s language.If the employee has a limited vocabulary or is illiterate the training must account for that.
103 Compliance DatesDec. 1, 2013Train all employees on the new label elements and Safety Data Sheet formatJune 1, 2015Comply with all modified provisions of this rule, except distributors that are allowed to ship products labeled by manufacturers under the old system until Dec 1, 2015Dec 1, 2015Comply with all modified provisions of the ruleJune 1, 2016Update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards
104 Hazard Communication Checklist Inventory of Chemicals UsedMatch Chemicals With ExposuresObtain all SDSSafe Work Practices for Each ChemicalIdentify SDS Storage LocationEmployees Educated on Potential ExposuresEmployees Know Location of SDSEmployees Trained on Use of MaterialAll Containers LabeledNotify Other Contractors When Necessary
105 Personal Protective Equipment General RequirementsFoot ProtectionHead ProtectionHearing ProtectionEye & Face ProtectionRespiratory Protection
106 General RequirementsPersonal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be maintained and provided by the employer when necessary.If an employee provides his/her own equipment, the employer is still responsible to make sure it is adequate and well maintained.PPE is to be used as a last means of controlling an exposure. Engineering and administrative controls should be used first when possible.
107 Foot Protection Safety footwear must comply with ANSI Z41.1 Required for:Any material handling process where something could be dropped on the footBulk material handling processesWork around sharp objects that could penetrate and puncture foot
108 Head ProtectionAll hard hats must comply with ANSI standard Z89.1, and Z89.2 for employees exposed to high voltage electric shock.Bump Caps are not acceptable for construction use under these standards.
109 Head ProtectionEmployees must wear hard hats if there is any possibility of;Being struck by an object falling from a higher levelA flying objectElectrical shock
110 Hearing ProtectionEngineering and Administrative controls should be applied when feasible.Ear plugs must be fitted under the direction of a competent person.Plain cotton is not an acceptable hearing protection device.**Remember**If you are arms length from the person talking to you and cannot hear them, its time for hearing protection!
111 Three Components of Hearing SoundA sound can be intermittent or continuous or a combination of both.Intensity is also a factor.PathDistance, terrain, and medium of travel play a part.ReceiverThe average unimpaired hearing range of a person is 20 to 20,000 Hz
112 Facts and Numbers85 decibels is considered the “Action Level” or the level at which an employee must be enrolled in a HCP (hearing conservation program) and notified of their results.The permissible exposure level for a time weighted average over an eight hour period is 90 decibels.The level at which dual hearing protection must be worn is 105 decibels.The maximum allowable exposure level at any one time during the shift is 115 decibels.
113 Components of a Hearing Conservation Program MonitoringHearing ProtectionAudiometric TestingTrainingRecord Keeping
114 Muffs vs. Plugs Product will have a Noise Reduction Rating or NRR Rating indicates the performance of the device
115 Average NRR for devices shown: MuffsPlugsAverage NRR for devices shown:28.6623.66
116 Calculating Noise Reduction using the NRR When C-weighted sound level measurement is available, the following formula should be used to calculate the required NRRNoise Level in dB(C) - Protector NRR = 90 dB(A) or less.When A-weighted sound level measurement is available, the following formula should be used to calculate the required NRR.Noise Level in dB(A) - (Protector NRR - 7 dB) = 90 dB(A) or less
117 How to insert an Ear Plug Grab the top/back of the ear.Gently pull up and backward.(If disposable foam) Roll the plug between the forefinger and thumb until it is completely compressed.Gently slide the plug in the ear canal.(If disposable foam) Let the plug expand.
118 Eye & Face ProtectionAll eye and face equipment must comply with ANSI Z87.1 standards.Employers must provide protection when employees are exposed to any and all potential flying debris.ANSI compliant side shields applied to conventional glasses do not make them safety glasses!
119 Eye & Face ProtectionThe standard covers general eye protection, eye protection for welding, and laser applications.Tables E-1, E-2, and E-3 tell us minimum performance requirements for our applications.
120 Respiratory Protection Industry StandardEmployer must choose the right application for the job.
121 Respiratory Protection Dust Masks are for nuisance dusts only.Respirators are made to filter harmful contaminants from the air.Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) is suitable for atmospheres that are both oxygen deficient and contain harmful contaminants.
122 Respiratory Protection Employees that have to wear respirators must receive the following:Pulmonary Function TestRespirator Fit TestingEducation on devices capabilitiesStorage, cleaning, and regular inspection proceduresRegularly monitored work area and conditions
123 Respirator Fit Testing QuantitativeA pass/fail test to assess respirator fit.Relies on the individual's response to the test agent. (recognizable scents)QualitativeAssesses a respirator’s effectiveness by numerically measuring the amount of leakage into the respirator.
124 Respirator Fit Testing Adjust straps and other connecting or fitting devices so that face seal is snug but comfortable.Positive Pressure Test: Place hand over blowout diaphragm and exhale, the mask should first expand, then release around the face seal.Negative Pressure Test: Place hands over the cartridges and inhale, the mask should collapse into the face.If no leaks are discovered, and wearer can sense no surrounding odors, mask is fitted properly.Facial hair that interferes with a proper seal is prohibited.
125 Emergency Procedures Emergency Evacuation plan Fire Safety Basic First Aid
126 Are you Prepared? Does the facility have a first aid kit? Are emergency contact numbers readily available?Do any of your employees/co-workers have CPR or First Aid training?Does the facility have an evacuation procedure?
127 Emergency Evacuation Plan Employees must be educated on all emergency evacuation plan specificsExit map must be conspicuously postedEnsure primary and secondary routes are unobstructed
128 Emergency Evacuation Plan Assemble outside the facility at pre-determined area for a head countIdentify who is responsible for head countIdentify who is responsible for emergency power shut downIdentify who will make appropriate emergency phone callsNo one reenters facility until emergency is over
129 Fire Safety Good house keeping is key to preventing fires - Do not use compressed air to blow sawdust- Keep evacuation routes/exits clear- Clean up daily
130 Fire Safety Develop a system to alert employees in the event of a fire Ensure exits are properly marked (steel roll up doors are not acceptable as fire exits)Ensure adequate number of extinguishers for size of building (no more than 75 ft. of travel)Ensure employees know extinguisher locationTrain employees on proper operation of extinguishers
131 Fire ExtinguishersFire extinguishers must be selected and provided for the types of materials in areas where they are to be usedClass A, Ordinary combustible material fires. Class B, Flammable liquid, gas or grease fires. Class C, Energized-electrical equipment fires. Fire extinguishers should be mounted within 75 feet of outside areas containing flammable liquids, and within 10 feet of any inside storage area for such materials Access to extinguishers should be free from obstructions or blockage Fire extinguishers must be serviced, maintained, and tagged at least once a year
132 Ordinary Combustibles ExtinguishersOrdinary CombustiblesIncludes materials such as wood and paperFlammable LiquidsIncludes fuels, grease, other liquidsElectrical FiresContains non-conductive smothering agent
133 Fire Extinguisher Inspection Body of the extinguisher; rust, cracks, dentsCheck hose for cracks, dry-rotAll fittings snug, no signs of leaksLever and hinge assemblySafety pin in place, safety tie presentInspection tag, present and up to datePressure gauge, needle in the green
134 How to use a Fire Extinguisher P-A-S-SPull -- Pull the pin at the top of the extinguisher that keeps the handle from being activatedAim -- Aim the nozzle at the base of the fireSqueeze -- Maintain a distance of eight to ten feet away from the fire and squeeze the handle. Discharge will only occur if the handle is being squeezed.Sweep -- Sweep the nozzle back and forth at the base of the fire until it appears to be out.
135 Basic First AidThe OSHA First Aid standard (29 CFR ) requires trained first-aid providers at all workplaces of any size if there is no “infirmary, clinic, or hospital in near proximity to the workplace which is used for the treatment of all injured employees.”
136 Handling an EmergencyThe three C’s, Check, Call, Care help us remember what to do in an emergency situation.Check – check the area for your own safety first, then the victim'sCall – for help, 911 or whom ever is in the immediate area that can provide assistanceCare - administer care to the victim, this may be first aid or at least stabilization
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