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Emiliana Vegas, The World Bank T HE E CONOMIC AND S OCIAL B ENEFITS OF I NVESTING IN E ARLY C HILDHOOD D EVELOPMENT I NCLUSIVE E ARLY C HILD D EVELOPMENT.

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Presentation on theme: "Emiliana Vegas, The World Bank T HE E CONOMIC AND S OCIAL B ENEFITS OF I NVESTING IN E ARLY C HILDHOOD D EVELOPMENT I NCLUSIVE E ARLY C HILD D EVELOPMENT."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emiliana Vegas, The World Bank T HE E CONOMIC AND S OCIAL B ENEFITS OF I NVESTING IN E ARLY C HILDHOOD D EVELOPMENT I NCLUSIVE E ARLY C HILD D EVELOPMENT – AN U NDERESTIMATED C OMPONENT WITHIN P OVERTY R EDUCTION 03 – 04 F EBRUARY, 2011, B ONN

2 Presentation Overview 1. Why invest in Early Childhood Development (ECD)? 2. What factors affect ECD and life outcomes? 3. Definitions: Early Childhood Development, ECD programs and ECD policies. 4. What programs affect ECD (and How)? 5. From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems: Introducing SABER 6. SABERs framework for ECD

3 Inequality of opportunity starts before birth, and grows deeper during the first years of life Source: Paxson and Schady, JHR, 2007

4 What happens in ECD has lasting outcomes, context and policy matter Context Macro (country) Micro (family) ECD Policies Health, hygiene, and nutrition Education Poverty alleviation Early Childhood Development Cognitive development Socio-emotional development Physical well-being and growth Life Outcomes Education Health Fertility Income Risky behaviors Source: Vegas and Santibáñez 2010

5 ECD investments have lasting impacts on individuals and society There is consistent evidence of the effects that early childhood development interventions have on future life outcomes: Education Labor insertion and wages Health, fertility Probability of engaging in risky behaviors The impact of these interventions is greater in the most vulnerable populations ECD investments are economically efficient and equity-enhancing

6 ECD interventions have higher returns than interventions later in life Source: Carneiro and Heckman (2003) Pre-school Programs School Job Training Return per $ invested 2 4 6 0618 Age Pre- schoolSchool Post-school 8 Opportunity cost of funds

7 Presentation Overview 1. Why invest in Early Childhood Development (ECD)? 2. Definitions: Early Childhood Development, ECD programs and ECD policies. 3. What programs affect ECD (and How)? 4. From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems: Introducing SABER 5. SABERs framework for ECD

8 Definitions Early Childhood Development as the period from when a child is conceived to six years of age (0-6). ECD programs include specific interventions that may vary according to primary objective, coverage (small scale, universal), and other program characteristics. ECD policies refer to the regulatory framework and institutional arrangements for service delivery at the national and/or state level to ensure that a nations children have access to quality ECD services.

9 Presentation Overview 1. Why invest in Early Childhood Development (ECD)? 2. Definitions: Early Childhood Development, ECD programs and ECD policies. 3. What programs affect ECD (and How)? 4. From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems: Introducing SABER 5. SABERs framework for ECD

10 Child Prenatal 0-2 3-4 5-6 Mother (prenatal) Mother/Father/ Caregiver Healthcare and hygiene Maternal/prenatal health Water and sanitation Healthcare prevention Mental Health Poverty alleviation Income transfers Maternity/paternity leave Female labor participation Home infrastructure Nutrition Food and supplements Education Preschool (3-6) Care (0-3) Programs that affect ECD

11 Impact of ECD programs Interventions with nutritional components have positive effects on: growth and physical well-being cognitive development CCTs have positive impacts on: healthcare prevention and control cognitive and socioemotional development Preschool attendance has positive effects on: cognitive and socioemotional development the probability of continuing in school reduced participation in risky behaviors But the impact is greatest when interventions are multi- sectoral and integrated

12 Presentation Overview 1. Why invest in Early Childhood Development (ECD)? 2. Definitions: Early Childhood Development, ECD programs and ECD policies. 3. What programs affect ECD (and How)? 4. From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems: Introducing SABER 5. SABERs framework for ECD

13 From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems SABER : System Assessment and Benchmarking for Education Results, intends to: Develop knowledge & tools to systematically help countries: make better policy and program choices based on better evidence and analysis to get better educational results Fills a major gap in the availability of policy data, information, & knowledge on what matters most to improve the quality & relevance of human development policies, especially in education

14 Components of SABER Governance & Institutions System-wide Quality Assurance Learning Standards Learning Assessments Information management Financing Non-government provision Equity & Inclusion Political Economy Service Delivery Sub-systems Early Childhood Development Early Childhood Development Primary & secondary schooling Tertiary education School health Second-chance programs Workforce Development Learning for all Teachers Materials & ICT Infrastructure

15 Conceptualization framework and system tools developed Implementation piloting, scaling-up, going global Communication Dissemination, knowledge exchange, online knowledge base Engagement validation, prototyping, building ownership Learning staff competencies, partner capacities, SABER Development Knowledge Technical and financial support Strategic partnerships SABER Development Cycle An iterative process

16 SABERs Framework for ECD 1. Stocktake & classify programs 2. Stocktake & analyze policies assess policy development 3. Identify Options Country-specific options, based on international experience

17 1. Stocktake & classify ECD programs 9 Key Characteristics: i. Primary policy objective; ii. Brief description; iii. Focus area/intervention mechanism; iv. Coverage/access; v. Institutional arrangements; vi. Financing; vii. Service providers; viii. Quality assurance mechanisms; ix. Challenges for going to scale and improving service delivery.

18 4 Categories Single SectorSpecific Sector w/ inputs from other sector Multiple sectors, specific programs for targeted or universal populations Comprehensive regular monitoring, some universal services, with tailored interventions Focus Areas/Mechanisms Sectoral Cross- Sectoral Multi- Sectoral Comprehensive Coordinated interventions across multiple sectors Complexity of Institutional Arrangements

19 2. Stocktake and analyze ECD policies Establishing an enabling environment Implementing widely Monitoring & assuring quality Latent Emerging Established Mature Levels of development:Policy Goals: Legal framework Coordination Financing Legal framework Coordination Financing Coverage Programs Policy focus Coverage Programs Policy focus ECD information Quality standards & compliance ECD information Quality standards & compliance Policy Levers (indicators):

20 ECD Policy Goals and Levels of Development Policy Goals Policy Levers Level of Development Establishing an Enabling Environment Legal Framework Coordination Financing Implementing Widely Coverage Programs PolicyFocus (health, nutrition, education & child protection) Monitoring and Assuring Quality ECD Information Quality Standards & Compliance LATENT non existent low within sector ad hoc low pilot some and minimal minimal measures Limited or no standards EMERGING minimal high within sector some programs with sustained expanding established in few sectors some established outcomes at national level Standards in some sectors ESTABLISHED regulations in some sectors low inter-institutional many programs with sustained universal in some sectors established in several sectors well established services outcomes at national, regional, local level Standards in most sectors, compliance is monitored regularly MATURE developed high inter- institutional sustained for attaining goals universal in ECD established in ECD integrated services universally provided outcomes at national, regional, local & individual level Standards in all sectors, compliance is regularly monitored and enforced

21 3. Identify policy options based on comparisons across countries Policy GoalsPolicy Levers Level of Development ColombiaPanama EnglandSweden Establishing an Enabling Environment Legal framework EstablishedEmerging Mature Coordination EstablishedEmerging EstablishedMature Financing EstablishedLatent Mature Implementing Widely Coverage EmergingLatent Mature Programs EstablishedEmerging Mature Policy Focus EstablishedEmerging Mature Monitoring and Assuring Quality ECD information Emerging Mature Quality standards and compliance EstablishedLatent EstablishedMature

22 Next Steps World Bank is finalizing data collection instruments for ECD programs and policies Data collection to begin in Uzbekistan, Turkey, Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa Analysis and preparation of Reports for each Country/System Development of user-friendly, web-based tool to disseminate information ECD Policies and Programs Around the World

23 evegas@worldbank.org T HANK Y OU ! Thank You!


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