Presentation on theme: " We use conditionals to talk about situations (real or unreal) and probable results or consequences of these situation Conditionals are made up of two."— Presentation transcript:
We use conditionals to talk about situations (real or unreal) and probable results or consequences of these situation Conditionals are made up of two clauses The if clause + The main clause Note: when you start a sentence with if you must use a comma (,) to separate de clauses Introduction
Conditionals Second conditional Unreal situations The structure is: If + past simple, + would + infinitive Third conditional Impossible situations The structure is: If + past perfect, + would + have + past participle
The second conditional uses the past simple after if, then 'would' and the infinitive: past simple if + past simple,...would + infinitive (We can use 'were' instead of 'was' with 'I' and 'he/she/it'. This is mostly done in formal writing). It has two uses. First, we can use it to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true. Maybe I'm imagining some dream for example. If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.(I probably won't win the lottery) If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello. She would travel all over the world if she were rich. She would pass the exam if she ever studied.(She never studies, so this won't happen) Second Conditional
If I had his number, I would call him. (I don't have his number now, so it's impossible for me to call him). If I were you, I wouldn't go out with that man. Second, we can use it to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it's not true. Is that clear? Have a look at the examples:
This kind of conditional sentence is different from the first conditional because this is a lot more unlikely. For example (second conditional): If I had enough money I would buy a house with twenty bedrooms and a swimming pool (I'm probably not going to have this much money, it's just a dream, not very real) But (first conditional): If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes (It's much more likely that I'll have enough money to buy some shoes) How is this different from the first conditional ?
Impossible situation If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a car. The first conditional and second conditionals talk about the future. With the third conditional we talk about the past. We talk about a condition in the past that did not happen. That is why there is no possibility for this condition. The third conditional is also like a dream, but with no possibility of the dream coming true. Third Conditional
Last week you bought a lottery ticket. But you did not win.
Notice that we are thinking about an impossible past condition. You did not win the lottery. So the condition was not true, and that particular condition can never be true because it is finished. We use the Past Perfect tense to talk about the impossible past condition. We use would have + past participle to talk about the impossible past result. The important thing about the third conditional is that both the condition and result are impossible now.
We can use the Third Conditional to talk about 'impossible' conditions, impossible because they are in the past and we cannot change what has happened. We make the third conditional by using the past perfect after 'if' and then 'would have' and the past participle in the second part of the sentence past perfect past participle It talks about the past. It's used to describe a situation that didn't happen, and to imagine the result of this situation. We have the if clause and the result clause like the others conditionals. It is often used to express criticism or regret More information:
ORDERED THE NEXT SENTENCE. - Won I if the lottery, I travel would the world around. If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. - If I brazil in were, I go to would Rio de Janeiro If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro - I would buy that car, if I you were If I were you, I would buy that car.
If he were in my place, he wouldn't do this. - If in my he were place, he wouldn't do this. - I would buy a nice apartment, If I had more money. If I had more money, I would buy a nice apartment. - If would had more time, she had travel more often. If she had more time, she would travel more often.
If I had seen him, I would have told him about you - If I had him seen, I have would told him about you - she if had on Saturday come, I seen have would her. If she had come on Saturday, I would have seen her. -If she explained had me the problem, I have would understood it If she had explained me the problem, I would have understood it - If it hadn't rained, would have we gone fishing. If it hadn't rained, we would have gone fishing.
- my sister if had here been, would she have enjoyed this. If my sister had been here, she would have enjoyed this. - If they invited had us, would we have accepted at once If they had invited us, we would have accepted at once. - If I been hadn't so busy, you have could helped I. If I hadn't been so busy, I could have helped you.
WHICH IT IS THE STRUCTURE OF THE SECOND CONDITIONAL If + Past Simpl e + would / could / might + verb If + verb + would / could / might + past simple verb + Past Simple + would / could / might + if
WHICH IT IS THE STRUCTURE OF THE THIRD CONDITIONAL If + Past Perfect tense + would/could/might + have + past participle If + Past Perfect tense + would/could/might + past participle + have If + past participle + would/could/might + have + Past Perfect tense
Determine which one is second conditional and which one is third conditional She wouldn't have been tired if she had gone to bed earlier.(second conditional/third conditional) She would have become a teacher if she had gone to university.(second conditional/third conditional) If I had his number, I would call him. (second conditional/third conditional) He would have been on time for the interview if he had left the house at nine.(second conditional/third conditional) She would travel all over the world if she were rich.. (second conditional/third conditional) She would pass the exam if she ever studied. (second conditional/third conditional) Complete the activity
1) If I…….(be) you, I…… (get) a new job. 2) If he…….(be) younger, he…….(travel) more. 3) If we…….(not/be) friends, I ……(be) angry with you. 4) If I……(have) enough money, I……(buy) a big house. 5) If she……(not/be) always so late, she……(be) promoted. Second Conditional Form
1) If you…..(not/be) late, we…….(not/miss) the bus. 2) If she…….(study) she…….(pass) the exam. 3) If we…….(arrive) earlier, we…….(see) John. 4) If they…….(go) to bed early, they…….(not/wake) up late. 5) If he…….(become) a musician, he…….(record) a CD. Third Conditional Form