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Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Chapter 22 Self-Concept.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Chapter 22 Self-Concept."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Chapter 22 Self-Concept

2 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Components of Self-Concept Identity Body image Self-esteem Role performance –Stressors affecting role

3 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Identity Sets each person apart as unique, including: –Name –Gender –Ethnicity –Family status –Occupation –Roles

4 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Body Image Attitudes about –Physical attributes and characteristics –Appearance –Performance Dynamic concept

5 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Self-Esteem Generalized sense of worth Evaluation of self Calculated on basis of achieving factors one values most

6 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Role Performance Set of expected behaviors determined by familial, cultural, and social norms Simultaneous roles –Each with set of expected behaviors (continued)

7 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Role Performance Stressors affecting role: –Inability to fulfill responsibilities –Role conflict Inter-role conflict Interpersonal conflict Role overload Person-role conflict

8 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Development of Self-Concept Ongoing process –Interpersonal and cultural experiences –Self-perceived competence –Self-actualization Childhood Adolescence Adulthood

9 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Factors Affecting Self-Concept Altered health status Developmental transitions Experience

10 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Self-Concept and the Nursing Process Assessment –Consider developmental level and chronological age –Determine strengths and weaknesses –Ask client to describe appearance, abilities, and accomplishments (continued)

11 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Self-Concept and the Nursing Process Diagnosis –Self-concept disturbances Feelings of anxiety, hostility, guilt, and shame Affect every aspect of person’s life –Disturbed body image –Parental role conflict –Disturbed personal identity (continued)

12 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Self-Concept and the Nursing Process Diagnosis –Ineffective role performance –Chronic low self-esteem –Situational low self-esteem –Anxiety –Social isolation –Hopelessness –Powerlessness (continued)

13 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Self-Concept and the Nursing Process Outcome identification and planning –Promote sense of well-being –Facilitate growth (continued)

14 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Self-Concept and the Nursing Process Implementation –Initiate therapeutic interaction –Support healthy defense mechanisms –Ensure satisfaction of needs Physical Psychosocial (continued)

15 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Self-Concept and the Nursing Process Implementation –Promote positive self-esteem across life span Childhood Adolescence Adulthood (continued)

16 Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Self-Concept and the Nursing Process Evaluation –Client’s behaviors and attitudes –Congruence of targeted self-concept and plan of care –Change requires time, patience, and support


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