2 Situational Symbolic Character What is an Archetype? Definition: Examples:
3 What is an Archetype?Basic plot, character, image or idea that recurs in different versions of a story.Ex) wicked stepmother, godmother in fairytales or the heroic quest in a myth, epic, or tragedy.
4 Types of ArchetypesSituational situations that occur over and over in different versions of a story (in all Cinderella stories, the girl is an orphan or stepchild that is mistreated, but saved by a fairy godmother figure) Symbolic Symbols that occur over and over in different versions of a story (in all creation stories, a ‘void’ or water is the only thing that exists at first, until creation) Character Character types/personalities that occur over and over in different versions of a story (most myths/folktales/fairytales have a good figure that is heroic and an evil figure)
5 Situational Archetypes QuestTaskInitiationJourneyFallDeath and rebirthNature vs. mechanicalGood vs. evilUnhealable woundRitualMagic weapon
6 Symbolic Archetypes Light vs darkness Water vs. desert Heaven vs. hellsInnate wisdom vs. educated stupidityHaven vs. wildernessSupernatural interventionFire vs. iceUniverse vs. oppositesWatery landscapeCircle of completionConnection between heaven and earth (tree)
7 Character Archetypes Hero Mentor Young “country” man Friendly beast Evil figure w/ good heartLoyal sidekickDevil figureScapegoatOutcastCreature of nightmareEarth motherTemptressPatriotic idealUnfaithful wifeDamsel in distressStar crossed loversTricksterWise old manThe divine childThe initiates