Presentation on theme: "The Decline of the Roman Empire & the Rise of Feudalism"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Decline of the Roman Empire & the Rise of Feudalism The Middle AgesThe Decline of the Roman Empire & the Rise of Feudalism
2 Barbarians Ruled Western Europe By 500 A.D. Western Roman Empire fell to barbarian tribes:Visigoths controlled SpainOstrogoths controlled ItalyFranks controlled Gaul (France)Vandals controlled North AfricaAngles, Saxons, Jutes battled for BritanniaCelts ruled Ireland & Scotland
6 The Middle AgesAfter the fall of Rome, Western Europe entered the Middle Ages from A.D.Reasons for the rise of Middle Ages:No Roman emperor to make rulesNo Roman army to protect peopleNo common language to unite themNo longer citizens of a common empire; people now loyal to family members (clan) or feudalismLatin blended with barbarian languages to make Italian, French, Spanish, etc.The “Dark Ages”The “Medieval” era
7 Decline of Civilization Constant warfare among the barbarian tribes & the Romans made it too dangerous to trade:With no trade, towns & cities became uselessPeople built to farming villages to make food & find protectionPriests became the only people who could read & write
8 Self-sufficient farmers No Roman Government?Without the Roman Government, how are things different in Western Europe:Trade?Food?Safety?Leadership?Language?Religion?No more tradeSelf-sufficient farmersDangerous fightingNo emperorsDifferent languagesPolytheism
9 Without a centralized government, how does a society function?
10 Feudalism Feudalism began in Europe as a way to offer protection: Feudalism is a series of agreements between lords & knights in which lords offer land in exchange for loyalty & military protection from knightsLords built castles to protect peasants from outside invasions
11 Some peasants were serfs & could not leave the lord’s estate Feudal StructureKnights were specially trained soldiers who protect the lords & peasantsSome peasants were serfs & could not leave the lord’s estateKings had land but very little powerLords (also called Nobles) were the upper-class landowners; they had inherited titles (“Duke,” “Earl,” “Sir”)
14 If you don’t own land or have money, how do you survive?
15 Manorial SystemThe manorial system produced the food for people to eat:Lords allowed peasants to live on their land in exchange for a portion of the food they grewPeasants agreed to pay “rent” to the nobles in exchange for shelter & protectionPeasant life was difficult: they were dependent upon the lords & got lots of diseases
31 The Power of the Christian Church Many people in Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire were polytheistic but Christians converted many “barbarians”In this time of chaos, the Christian church emerged as a stable & unifying force in Western Europe
32 The Power of the Christian Church Catholicism became the dominant religion in Western Europe:Without a common government to hold everyone together, the Church filled an important role in peoples’ livesThe Catholic Pope became the strongest political leader in Western Europe
33 The Power of the Christian Church Each territory in Western Europe had a monastery (where monks lived) & provided order for the feudal manors:Local priests were important because the church taught that all people are sinners & need God’s forgivenessChristians paid a tithe (percentage of their food as a tax to the church)