Presentation on theme: "Communication and Culture"— Presentation transcript:
1 Communication and Culture Chapter 5Communication andCulture
2 Chapter OutcomesDefine and explain culture and its impact on your communicationDelineate seven ways that cultural variables affect communicationDescribe the communicative power of group affiliations
3 Chapter Outcomes (cont.) Explain key barriers to competent intercultural communicationDemonstrate behaviors that contribute to intercultural competence
4 Understanding Culture A learned system of thought and behavior that belongs to and typifies a relatively large group of peopleThe composite of their shared beliefs, values, and practices
5 Understanding Culture (cont.) Culture is learned through communication with others.Your personal worldview is the framework through which you interpret the world and the people in it.Culture affects communication.Main bullet 2: added period. —CE
6 Understanding Culture (cont.) Intercultural communication matters.Communication between people from different cultures who have different worldviewsNecessary in our diverse, mobile societyMediated interactions and diverse organizations provide regular exposure to people from other cultures.Main bullet: added period. —CE
7 Communication and Cultural Variations Seven cultural variations play out along a continuum and are not absolute.High-context cultures use contextual cues to both interpret meaning and send subtle messages.Cues: time, place, relationship, situation
8 Communication and Cultural Variations (cont.) Low-context cultures use direct language and rely less on situational factors.Examples: United States, Canada, northern EuropeCollectivistic cultures perceive selves primarily as members of a group.Examples: Arab and Latin American cultures, China, Japan
9 Communication and Cultural Variations (cont.) Individualistic cultures value individuality, communicate autonomy and privacy, and downplay emotions.Examples: United States, Great Britain, Australia, GermanyHigh uncertainty avoidance cultures adapt behavior to avoid risk and use formal rules to communicate.Examples: Portugal, Greece, Peru, Japan
10 Communication and Cultural Variations (cont.) Low uncertainty avoidance cultures have a higher tolerance for risk and ambiguity and use fewer formal rules to communicate.Examples: Sweden, Denmark, Ireland, United States
11 Communication and Cultural Variations (cont.) Masculine cultures place value on assertiveness, achievement, ambition, and competitiveness.Examples: Mexico, Japan, ItalyFeminine cultures value nurturance, relationships, and quality of life.Examples: Sweden, Norway
12 Communication and Cultural Variations (cont.) Power distance is the way cultures accept the division of power.High power distance: people with less power accept lower position as basic fact of life.Low power distance: people tolerate less difference in power between people; they communicate with less anxiety with those higher in status.
13 Communication and Cultural Variations (cont.) Time orientation: the way that cultures communicate about and with timeMonochronistic cultures are time- conscious; include United States, Great BritainPolychronistic cultures have a more fluid approach to time; include Latin America, Asia
14 Communication and Cultural Variations (cont.) In monochronistic cultures, time is a valuable resource that is not to be wasted. Polychronistic cultures have a more fluid approach to time and deal with various projects and people simultaneously.
15 Communication and Cultural Variations (cont.) Value of emotional expressionCollectivistic cultures may use hyperbole (vivid, colorful language with great emotional intensity).Individualistic cultures tend toward understatement (euphemisms) to downplay emotional intensity.
16 Understanding Group Affiliations Co-cultural communicationMembers share some of the general culture’s system of thought and behavior but have distinct unifying characteristics.Includes race, gender, sexual orientation, religionIncludes generations
17 Understanding Group Affiliations (cont.) Co-cultures within a larger culture
18 Understanding Group Affiliations (cont.) Social identity theory includesPersonal identitySocial identity from your group membershipsIngroups and outgroupsIntergroup communicationHow communication occurs within and between groups and affects relationshipsGroup identification and communication shift depending on which group membership is made salient at a given moment.
19 Intercultural Communication Challenges AnxietyEthnocentrismBelief in the superiority of your own culture or group; viewing other cultures through your own lens
20 Intercultural Communication Challenges (cont.) DiscriminationStems from ethnocentrismBehavior toward person or group based solely on their membership in a particular group, class, or categoryAttitudes about superiority of one culture lead to rules and behaviors that favor that group and harm another group.
21 Improving Intercultural Communication Changing thinking (cognition)Changing feelings (affect)Changing behaviorBeing mindful (intercultural sensitivity)Desiring to learn about other cultures
22 Improving Intercultural Communication (cont.) Overcoming intergroup biasesIntergroup contact theory: interaction between members of different social groups generates a possibility for more positive attitudes.Refraining frombehavioral affirmationand confirmation
23 Improving Intercultural Communication (cont.) Accommodating appropriatelyConvergence involves shifting language or nonverbal behaviors toward each other’s way of communicating.Avoid overaccommodation, or going too far in making changes based on stereotypes about another group.
24 Practice Your Skills Listen effectively. Think before you speak or act.Be empathic.Do the right thing.