2 Irony- a contradiction between what happens and what is expected. Situational Irony- when something happens that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters or the audienceVerbal Irony- is something contradictory that is saidDramatic Irony- the audience is aware of something the character or speaker is not
3 What is Irony? Irony is about expectations. Irony: the opposite of what is expected.3 kinds of ironyVerbalDramaticSituational
4 Verbal Irony A character says one thing but means the opposite Also called sarcasm or being sarcastic.ExamplesThe locker room smells really good.Awesome! Another homework packet!
5 Dramatic IronyWhen the reader understands more about the events of a story than a character.You know something that a character doesn’t.ExampleTim’s parents are proud of the “A” he got on the test, but we know he cheated.Alex writes a love poem to Judy but we know that Judy loves Devin.
6 Situational IronyWhen what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected.Something about the situation is completely unexpected.ExampleGeneral Sedgwick’s last words were, “They couldn’t hit an elephant at this distance.”Bill Gates uses an Apple computer.
7 Situational- In The Giver Fiona becomes a caretaker of the old and is trained in the fine art of release. Jonas receives all of the pain, whereas Fiona releases pain. Jonas develops feelings for Fiona, even though she stands for what he hates about the society.Verbal- In The Giver each night, the family units share their feelings about the day. During Jonas' training, Giver tells him that they are the only ones that know of true happiness, sorrow, and pain. This is ironic because the family units talk about feelings, even though they don't have true feelings
8 Dramatic- Flowers for Algernon Dramatic- Flowers for Algernon . “He really pulled a Charlie Gordon that time" is an example of dramatic irony. It's dramatic irony because the reader knows that Frank is making fun of Charlie, but Charlie thinks they are laughing with him.Verbal-The slogan for the Hunger Games is, "May the odds be ever in your favor." The government representative for District 12, Effie Trinket, says it after she announces the tributes for each district, and announcers for the Hunger Games use it during interviews with contestants and in commentary as the games are being broadcast. The slogan is a form of verbal irony as it is clear that the odds are never actually in anyone's favor.
9 Situational and Dramatic- In The Hunger Games during an interview, Peeta reveals that he has a crush on Katniss, which makes her angry as she thinks it will make her appear weak. Peeta's confession creates situational irony -- it helps Katniss gain sympathy with the audience, which she would have struggled to do otherwise. Katniss agrees to pretend to reciprocate Peeta's feelings as a way to continue to gain favor with the audience, and the decision creates several instances of dramatic irony. Gale, the boy she really does love, is watching the games from home and does not know that she is pretending to have feelings for Peeta. The reader knows the truth.
10 Something that is ironic is unexpected. ReviewSomething that is ironic is unexpected.If unexpected by a character, it’s dramatic.If unexpected by everyone, it’s situational.If it’s sarcasm, it’s verbal.