Water with Sugar & Salt & Sulfur Properties of water shown: Solutions Water is a solvent and it is polar so it dissolves the sugar and the salt very well because they are polar. Sulfur is non-polar so it does not dissolve in water. Remember like dissolves like.
How does this relate to living things? Some nutrients (sugar & ingredients in salt), vitamins & minerals only dissolve in water because they are polar like water. (Ex: Vitamin C). This is why your blood is made of water to these minerals dissolve in your blood (a solution).
Solutions Water can stick to other things and dissolve through them the property of adhesion. This is how solutions are formed. Blood acts as a solvent dissolving polar solutes that we need to live (sugar, vitamins).
Wax Paper & Water & Oil Properties of water shown: Water is polar and wax is nonpolar (remember like only dissolves like) so the water just sits on the wax paper like a bead, when you drag them together they form a big bubble (cohesion: water sticking to water) Oil is non-polar and so is wax, like dissolves like, so the oil dissolves through the paper, does not show the same properties as the water.
How does this relate to living things? Some nutrients (sugar), vitamins & minerals only dissolve in water because they are polar like water. (Ex: Vitamin C). This is why your blood is made of water not oil.
Paper Clip or pin in Water & Add Soap Properties of water shown: Paper clip floats because cohesion (water sticking to water) allows for surface tension to form. Paper clip sinks because the soap has non-polar properties and breaks the hydrogen bonds in water. (no more surface tension).
How is this important to living things? Allows very light organisms to walk on water without drowning. Shows how mixing nonpolar with polar destroys hydrogen bonds in water.
Capillary Tube & Colored Water Properties of water shown: Adhesion: The water rises up in the tube by sticking to the sides of the tube. This is how a tree moves water from the ground to its leaves. Cohesion: As the water sticks to the sides of the tube, it pulls more water with it
How is this important to living things? This is how a tree moves water from the ground to its leaves. The water sticks to the sides of the tubes in plants and the water can then rise. Also shows how blood (made of water) can move in out tube network in our bodies.
Ice in Water & Alcohol Properties of water shown: Density & High Specific Heat Ice floats in water because it is less dense than water because the hydrogen bonds spread out as ice is formed. Ice sinks in alcohol because it is more dense than alcohol.
Why is this important to living things? Fish can survive in the water because ice floats in water (it is less dense) and insulates the bottom of the pond. (high specific heat: hydrogen bonds resist extreme changes in temp). Water at the bottom can stay in liquid form.