# Objectives: Solve multi-step linear equations by combining like terms and using the distributive property Recall combining like terms: 4c + 5c = (4 + 5)c.

## Presentation on theme: "Objectives: Solve multi-step linear equations by combining like terms and using the distributive property Recall combining like terms: 4c + 5c = (4 + 5)c."— Presentation transcript:

Objectives: Solve multi-step linear equations by combining like terms and using the distributive property Recall combining like terms: 4c + 5c = (4 + 5)c = 9c Can NOT combine 8x + 15 + x 2. Recall distributive property 9(w – 6) = 9w + (-54) or 9w - 54 Section 2-3 Solve Multi-step Equations SPI 22D: Solve multi-step equations with variables on one side

Solve 3a + 6 + a = 90 4a + 6=90Combine like terms. 4a + 6 – 6=90 – 6Subtract 6 from each side. 4a=84Simplify. =Divide each side by 4. a=21Simplify. 4a44a4 84 4 Solve a two-step Linear Equation Step 1. Combine like terms Step 2. Circle term with variable Step 3. Do all addition and subtraction to get like terms on one side Step 4. Simplify Step 5. Do multiplication and division Step 6. Check your answer 3a + 6 + a=90 Check: 3(21) + 6 + 2190Substitute 21 for a. 63 + 6 + 2190 90=90

Solve 2(x – 3) = 8 2x – 6=8Use the Distributive Property. 2x – 6 + 6=8 + 6Add 6 to each side. 2x=14Simplify. x=7Simplify. =Divide each side by 2. 2x22x2 14 2 Solve a two-step Linear Equation Solve 2b + 6 + b = 90 3b + 6=90Combine like terms. 3b + 6 – 6=90 – 6Subtract 6 from each side. 3b=84Simplify. =Divide each side by 4. b=28Simplify. 3b 3 84 3 Solve a two-step Linear Equation with Grouping Symbols

You need to build a rectangular pen in your back yard for your dog. One side of the pen will be against the house. Two sides of the pen have a length of x ft and the width will be 25 ft. What is the greatest length the pen can be if you have 63 ft of fencing? x + 25 + x=63 The pen can be 19 ft long. 2x + 25=63Combine like terms. 2x + 25 – 25=63 – 25Subtract 25 from each side. 2x=38Simplify. x=19 =Divide each side by 2. 2x22x2 38 2 Real-world: Write and Solve a Two-step Linear Equation Draw and label a diagram to model the problem. Define a variable Write an equation

Two Methods: 1. Find common denominator 2. Multiply to clear fractions Solve Linear Equations with Fractions Method 1: Find a common denominator

Method 2: Multiply to Clear Fractions Multiply each term by 10 (common multiple of 2 and 5) Rewrite equation using distributive property Simplify Combine like terms Division Property of Equality

Linear Equations and Fractions Multiply each term by 8 Simplify Subtraction Property of Equality Simplify Division Property of Equality

Real-World: The Canoe Trip John and two friends went on a canoe trip. The cost of renting the canoe is \$5.00 per hour. In addition, each person must rent a life jacket which costs \$2.00. They spent a total of \$41.00. For how many hours did they rent the canoe? 1. Define the variableh=numbers of hours for canoe 2. Write an equation relating total cost, # hours and cost of life vests. 5.00h + 3(2.00) = 41 3. Solve the equation for h. 5.00h + 3(2.00) = 41 5.00h + 6.00 – 6.00 = 41 -6.00 5.00h = 35 h = 7

Summary for Solving a Multi-Step Linear Equation 1.Clear equations of fractions and decimals 2. Use the distributive property to remove parentheses on each side 3.Combine like terms 4.Undo addition or subtraction 5. Undo multiplication and division

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