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Published byViolet Matthews Modified over 7 years ago

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Finding your way in the world

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Latitude lines are imaginary lines that run EAST/WEST (horizontally) around the earth's surface. Think of latitude like the rungs of a ladder (ladder sounds a lot like latitude). Think LATITUDE FATITUDE

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Latitude lines run completely around the earth’s surface in a horizontal direction. Latitude lines measure how far NORTH or SOUTH a place is from the equator. The Equator = 0° E Q U A T O R Start here

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Longitude lines run from pole to pole around the globe and tell you your distance east or west from the Prime Meridian.

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It is approximately 70 miles between two latitude lines. For more accuracy in location, degrees can be divided into smaller parts. One degree = 60 minutes (') and one minute = 60 seconds (").

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How do I use latitude and longitude?

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To find a latitude line such as 60 degrees north latitude, you must do three things: 1. Go to your starting line (the Equator). 2. Determine which direction (north or south). 3. Determine the distance in degrees you must go (60).

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To find a longitude line such as 40 degrees east longitude, you must do three things: 1. Go to your starting line (the Prime Meridian). 2. Determine which direction (east or west). 3. Determine the distance in degrees you must go (40).

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The intersection of two lines is the exact (absolute) location of a particular place on the earth's surface (shown by the red "X" on the map found on the next slide.

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Your Turn!

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